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Martin Beer * 1924
Bartelsstraße 72 (Altona, Sternschanze)
Anna/Chana Frieda Beer, née Sambor, born on 13 Dec. 1893 or 28 Dec. 1893 in Warsaw, deported on 25 Oct. 1941 to Lodz, deported on 10 May 1942 to Chelmno and murdered
Eduard Beer, born on 10 Oct. 1893 in Hamburg, deported on 25 Oct. 1941 to Lodz, deported on 10 May 1942 to Chelmno and murdered
Ilse Sambor, born on 16 Apr. 1919 in Hamburg, expelled on 28 Oct. 1938 to Zbaszyn, missing
Martin Beer, born on 8 Dec. 1924 in Hamburg, deported on 25 Oct. 1941 to Lodz, deported on 10 May 1942 to Chelmno and murdered
Frieda Beer, born on 24 Jan. 1926 in Hamburg, deported on 25 Oct. 1941 to Lodz, deported on 10 May 1942 to Chelmno and murdered
Lotte Beer, born on 4 July 1927 in Hamburg, deported on 25 Oct. 1941 to Lodz, deported on 10 May 1942 to Chelmno and murdered
Siegfried Beer, born on 13 Feb. 1929 in Hamburg, deported on 25 Oct. 1941 to Lodz, deported on 10 May 1942 to Chelmno and murdered
The persons entered on the first list of Hamburg residents deported to the ghetto in Lodz (Litzmannstadt) on 25 Oct. 1941, under the address of Bartelsstraße 72, house no. 3 on the ground floor, included six members of the large Beer family. The family lived in modest circumstances.
It was comprised of the parents Anna Frieda and Eduard Beer and their total of eight children: daughter Ilse Sambor (born outside of marriage in 1919), Margot Beer (born in 1920, died in 1923), Moritz Wilhelm Beer (born in 1922), Ruth Beer (born in 1923), Martin Beer (born in 1924), Frieda Beer (born in 1926), Lotte Beer (born in 1927), and Siegfried Beer (born in 1929). The only ones surviving the persecution were Ruth Beer, who had managed to emigrate to Palestine, and Moritz Beer. After the war, both filed claims for restitution, and it is almost exclusively from their details that we learn something about the family. The parents and children had probably been living in Bartelsstraße since 1936. An earlier home was located at Forbacher Straße 1 in Barmbek, today Dulsberg.
The mother, Anna Frieda, was born in Warsaw. That no definite birth date is available for her may be connected to the fact that Warsaw belonged to Russia at the time and that the Julian calendar was in effect there as opposed to the Gregorian calendar in Western Europe. She was the oldest of at least seven siblings born between 1893 and 1912. Her father, Isaak Chaim Sambor, came to Hamburg with his family in 1896. The name of his mother was Salinna Ida, née Rother. The oldest children were still born in Warsaw, the younger ones subsequently in Hamburg. Anna Frieda’s father worked as a cigar worker and trader. The family changed homes frequently, living in Hamburg and Altona. Anna Frieda Sambor was registered with the authorities in Hamburg for the first time in 1909. Sixteen years old at the time, she may have taken a position as a domestic servant. Her first registered address was Bismarckstraße 134 (with Jacobsen). In Oct. 1909, she was registered at Dillstraße 8 II, before and after that in Altona. None of the siblings is listed in the Memorial Book. Only for sister Sara (born in 1902), does a reference exist in the Yad Vashem database. According to this, she was deported from Drancy in France and murdered.
Eduard Beer was a Jewish resident of Hamburg, the son of the butcher Moritz Beer and of Mathilde Beer, née Sussmann. When Eduard was born in 1893, his parents lived at Grindelallee 73, house no. 1. From 1900 to 1908, he attended the Talmud Tora School and afterward did an apprenticeship as a butcher. From 1924 onward, he was employed as a skinner, a worker processing hides and furs, with the Heine & Fleischmann Company for ten years. In 1934, the owners gave up the business, and after his dismissal, Eduard Beer did not manage to get a job anymore because of his Jewish descent. He received welfare assistance payments for his family and was forced to enlist in work measures (so-called compulsory labor duties), e.g. as an excavator. In the list of [Jewish] Community members, his occupation is designated as "laborer at the state wharf.”
Hardly any traces can be found of the oldest daughter, Ilse Sambor, and the same applies to her mother. She is also not listed in the Memorial Books. According to information by her half-brother, Moritz Beer, she grew up in the Jewish Orphanage in Hamburg. From Apr. 1938 until her arrest in Oct. 1938, she lived with the family in Bartelsstraße. In the context of the "Polenaktion” in 1938, she was expelled to Zbaszyn on the Polish border, where all traces of her disappear.
Moritz Beer (born in 1922) attended the Talmud Tora School from 1928 to 1936. After that, he was no longer able to find a position for commercial training. It was possible, however, to find a job for him with the Jewish butcher Joseph Mayer on Eppendorfer Landstraße, where he was employed as a messenger and cleaner. After the November Pogrom of 1938, Joseph Mayer gave up the store and Moritz was dismissed. The employment office then placed him as an unskilled excavator with the District of Stade. The E. Schmidt Company in Harsefeld registered him with the local health insurance fund from Mar. 1939 onward, paying premiums for him for various periods. The same employer had registered his father, Eduard Beer, with the health insurance fund for one month in the summer of 1938. A gap exists for health fund registration in the period from July 1939 to Aug. 1940. As it happened, Moritz Beer served as a harvest hand in the village of Garzin east of Berlin in the summer of 1939, getting from there to a retraining camp in Paderborn on 13 Nov. 1939, a camp established from June 1939 onward by the Reich Association [of Jews in Germany] in coordination with the Gestapo and the City of Paderborn. Then, on 19 May 1940, Moritz returned to Hamburg, working in Harsefeld again. On 25 Oct., he was deported along with his parents and four siblings. In Lodz, one trace of him could still be found: He was quartered at Hausierergasse 1 a, and his name appears on a workers’ list of the XXth transport on 7 Nov. 1941. He was registered under number 1,328. According to his own information, he was brought from the "Litzmannstadt” (Lodz) Ghetto to Posen (Poznan) to the Remo labor camp and from there to the Auschwitz concentration camp, Fürstengrube subcamp. When the Russian front edged closer in 1945, he came to Dora-Nordhausen. From there, the journey went to Schleswig-Holstein in Mar. 1945. On 2 May 1945, he boarded the Cap Arcona, whose bombing he survived as one of very few passengers. He was liberated in Neustadt/ Holstein. The only other one still alive of the family was his sister Ruth in Palestine. In early 1947, Moritz Beer traveled there as well.
Ruth Beer (born in 1923) attended the Jewish Girls’ School on Karolinenstraße. In 1939, before being able to complete school in Hamburg, she emigrated with the Youth Aliyah (Jugend-Alija) to Palestine. Since she had not managed to train for an occupation, initially she did agricultural jobs in Palestine, then worked for the British military as an auxiliary nurse, in the course of which she also met her future husband.
Martin Beer (born in 1924) attended the Talmud Tora School and was dismissed at Easter of 1940 after completing class 8 G. His classmates Walter Golenzer and Peter Glück (see corresponding entries) were also deported and murdered. The same fate befell the boys’ homeroom teacher, Ernst Streim. Martin is remembered by his former classmate and friend, Steffi Wittenberg, who still owns an autograph book from her schooldays, in which Martin Beer wrote an epigram as well. Steffi Wittenberg also recalls one of their teachers, Naphtali Eldod, for whom a Stolperstein is located at Hallerstraße 55.
Frieda Beer (born 1926), who called herself Hilde - this first name is also recorded in a school file - left the Karolinenstraße school in 1940. As a Jew, she could not do an apprenticeship and was probably employed as an unskilled worker in a cotton mill. On December 5, 1941, she wrote two postcards from the ghetto "Litzmannstadt" to her Hamburg friends Gertrud Dammann on Hallerstrasse (then Ostmarkstrasse) and to Rolf Ascher, address Bei der Friedenseiche (both biographies see www.stolpersteine-hambug.de). These cards never found their way out of the ghetto to Hamburg and are now archived in Lodz. Gertrud Dammann and Rolf Ascher also did not survive. Rolf Ascher, whom Hilde must have liked very much, had already been deported to Minsk on November 8, which Hilde of course could not have known when she wrote to him. Gertrud Dammann was deported to Riga Jungfernhof one year later in December 1942. Stolpersteine have been laid for both of them.
Lotte Beer (born in 1927) was enrolled in the Girls’ School on Karolinenstraße in 1934. Before being able to complete her elementary schooling, she was deported. The youngest child, Siegfried Beer (born in 1929), attended the Talmud Tora School as well.
Following the deportation, the family lived together in the Lodz Ghetto at Hausierergasse (today: Flisacka) 1, apartment 1A. In a list still extant in Lodz, the address is entered with ink pen and written over as Hohenstein(straße) 49/1a. The parents and the children Martin, Lotte, and Siegfried were transported from the Lodz Ghetto to the Chelmno extermination camp on 10 May 1942 and murdered there.
Translator: Erwin Fink/Changes July 2022 Beate Meyer
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
Stand: July 2022
© Susanne Lohmeyer
Quellen: 1; 4; 5; 8; StaH 332-5, 9087 + 1681/1893; StaH 351-11 AfW; StaH 522-1 Jüdische Gemeinden 992e2 Band 1 Deportationsliste; StaH 332-8 Meldewesen, A 30; StaH 741-4 Fotoarchiv Sa 1248; HAB IV 1926; Peter Offenborn: Jüdische Jugend; Deportationsliste Litzmannstadt, Gedenkstätte Lodz Radegast; Auskunft von Steffi Wittenberg; Archiwum Państwowego w Łodzi- karty pocztowe i listy, sygn. 2316-2325.
Nummerierte quellen siehe www.stolpersteine-hamburg.de: Recherche und Quellen.