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Herta Bos-Guth (née Guth) * 1904
Isestraße 39 (Eimsbüttel, Harvestehude)
FLUCHT 1938 HOLLAND
Herta Bos-Guth, divorced Neufeld, née Guth, born on 25.3.1904 in Rößel/ East Prussia, escaped to the Netherlands in 1938, interned in camp Westerbork, deported to Auschwitz on 11.9.1942, murdered on 14.9.1942
Harriet Natalie Neufeld, born on 17.4.1933 in Hamburg, escape to the Netherlands in 1938, interned in camp Westerbork, deported on 11.9.1942 to Auschwitz, murdered on 14.9.1942
This biography was written in memory of the Dutch-born Jakob Bos (born 25.7.1890 in Veendam) for his wife Herta, their common daughter Renate (born 5.2.1940 Amsterdam), and her (half)sister Harriet Natalie, who were deported by the Nazis to Auschwitz in 1942.
We found no traces as to when Herta Guth, who came from East Prussia, arrived in Hamburg. A first entry on her cultural tax card of the Jewish Community of Hamburg dates from 1932, in which year, on June 9, she married the Hamburg tobacconist Herbert Neufeld (1902-1969 in Bolivia). When and where the couple met is unknown.
Herbert Neufeld's parents were the tobacconist Siegfried (1868 - 1935 in Hamburg) and Toni, née Katzenstein, (1867 in Harburg - 1942 in Treblinka, see www.stolpersteine-hamburg.de) they lived and worked first in Harburg, later in Hamburg's old town. The family included Herbert's sister Erna (1897 - 1948), who was five years older. The groom chose his father Siegfried as best man and the bride chose Samuel Gerson from Eimsbütteler Chaussee. Why the choice fell on Samuel Gerson is not handed down, traces to the family of Herta Neufeld were not found.
At the time of the marriage, Herta lived as a subtenant at Rothenbaumchaussee 5, as evidenced by the marriage certificate. After that, the couple lived with her parents-in-law at Klosterstraße 24 (which no longer exists today), just a few meters from the prow of the Chilehaus. Diagonally across the street, at number 23, was the tobacco store. Ten months later, on April 17, 1933, their daughter Harriet Natalie was born.
Presumably, however, the joy of this was clouded, because by now the National Socialists ruled the German Reich and their hatred of Jews became state doctrine. A testimony to this was April 1, 1933, the day of boycotts against Jewish stores, department stores and measures against doctors and lawyers. The Neufelds' centrally located business was certainly affected by this.
It is not known why the Neufelds' marriage ended in divorce as early as 1934. From then on, mother and daughter lived as subtenants at various addresses, including a longer period at Isestraße 39 with the widow Bauer. In the meantime, Herta Neufeld took up a job as a housekeeper at the Israelite Hospital. Since the political situation in the German Reich for Jews did not improve, rather the opposite, Herta Neufeld's idea of fleeing the country matured. In September 1938, mother and daughter fled to the Netherlands.
At a time unknown to us, Herta Neufeld met the Dutchman Jakob Bos (1890 in Veendam –1942 in Auschwitz). For this we take a look back to the year 1922. In December of that year, the merchant Jakob Bos had come to Hamburg and registered as a member of the Jewish Community. His membership card shows that he worked in the butcher's shop Oppenheimer, Grindelberg 82/ Harvestehude. This was located in the basement of the house and on the second floor, lived the married couple Wilhelm and his wife Martha Oppenheimer. In November 1925 Jakob Bos married Elfriede Faller (1904 – 1965 in the USA), who was born in Frankfurt am Main. As witnesses they chose the bride's father, Julius Faller (1878 in Wertheim – 1949 in New Jersey/ USA) and Wilhelm Oppenheimer, with whom a friendship had presumably developed over time.
However, as early as 1927 the Bos couple lived separately and in 1933 the divorce followed. The situation for Jews in the German Reich was probably the reason why Jakob Bos decided to return to the Netherlands in 1937. He had also experienced how his sister Erica (1892 in Veendam – 1942 in Riga) and her husband Louis Levy (1875 in Kiel – 1942 in Riga), as well as their daughter Ilse (1914), had had the ground pulled out from under them professionally and financially.
Herta Guth and Jakob Bos met in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. They married and in February 1940 daughter Renate (1940 in Amsterdam – 1942 in Auschwitz) was born. Herta discarded the name Neufeld and was henceforth called Bos-Guth, but daughter Harriet Natalie from her first marriage kept it.
The Netherlands no longer offered security for Jews after May 10, 1940, when the German Wehrmacht occupied the country. The family last lived in Amsterdam at Jan Bernardusstraat 22, from where they were taken to the Westerbork transit camp on September 9, 1942, and deported and murdered just two days after Auschwitz.
What traces were found to the mentioned families:
In memory of Erica Levy, née Bos, and her husband Louis, two Stolpersteine were laid at their last Hamburg residential address at Heider Straße 23 (see www.stolpersteine-hamburg.de). Their daughter Ilse managed to escape to Great Britain, where she married Alfred Schmidt in 1947. From then on they chose the English name Smith.
Herbert Neufeld and his sister Erna Dobriner, née Neufeld, emigrated to Bolivia and England respectively. Herbert Neufeld entered into two more marriages, both of which ended in divorce. Erna Dobriner was married to Julius, and three daughters were born in the marriage.
Helmuth Gottfried Faller (1909), who had already emigrated to Great Britain in 1933, traveled on to the USA in 1936. There he married Marianne Friedheim (1911 in Hamburg) in New York in 1937. His divorced sister Elfriede Bos, née Faller, followed him in the summer of 1939. Elfriede married Henry Wittenberg from Breslau in the early 1950s. The siblings' father, Julius (1878 - 1949), also managed to escape to the United States in June 1941, shortly before emigration for Jews was completely banned in October 1941.
In memory of Samuel Gerson (1882 in Christburg/ West Prussia - 1942 in Lodz) and his wife Johanna Gerson, née Ruben, (1888 in Hamburg - 1944 in Chelmno) as well as their daughter Edith Gerson (1921 in Hamburg - 1941 in Lodz) three Stolpersteine are laid at their last common address in Paulinenallee 6/ Eimsbüttel. The two sons/brothers Theodor (1915) and Robert (1918) emigrated together to Shanghai and later to the USA.
In memory of Wilhelm Oppenheimer (1885 in Schweinfurt - 1941 in Minsk) and his wife Martha, née Hasenberg, (1881 in Hamburg - 1941 in Minsk), Stolpersteine are planned at their last common address Grindelberg 74. The two children Margot Jeanette (1913) and Kurt Johann (1918) managed to escape to safe countries.
Translation Beate Meyer
Stand: February 2023
© Sonja Zoder
Quellen: 4; 5; 8; StaH 332-5/9606-754/1925, 332-5/13797-180/1932 Standesamt (Heiraten) StaH 351-11 Amt für Wiedergutmachung 12765, 26675, 35708; 351-14 Arbeits- und Sozialfürsorge 1633; Koser, Brunotte: Stolpersteine in Hamburg- Eppendorf und Hoheluft-Ost, Hamburg 2011, S. 266-268; Vieth: Von der Hallerstraße 6/8, S. 26; Baumbach: Wo Wurzeln waren, Hamburg 1993, S. 40, 100-113 und Beiheft S. 26, 27; URL: https://www.joodsmonument.nl/, https://collections.arolsen-archives.org/archive/81714199/?p=1&s=hertha%20neufeld&doc_id=81714199, https://deportation.yadvashem.org jeweils am 11.2.2021; https://www.online-ofb.de/famreport.php?, https://jfhh.org/suche.php, www.agora.sub.uni-hamburg.de, www.geni.com jeweils am 8.2.2022.
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