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Dora Guttentag * 1870

Abendrothsweg 19 (Hamburg-Nord, Hoheluft-Ost)

JG. 1870

further stumbling stones in Abendrothsweg 19:
Edith Behrend, Clara Zipora Böhm, Marianne Lehmann, Ruth Weigert, Elise Wiesenthal, Ruth Wolfsohn, Werner Wolfsohn, Clara Wolfsohn

Dora Agnes Guttentag, born on 28.7.1870 in Hamburg, deported on 6.12.1941 to Riga

Abendrothsweg 19

Dora Guttentag, a single elderly woman, is one of the many Jewish victims of the National Socialists about whom we know little. She left only a few traces behind. Since she left no surviving family members, not even a restitution file on her exists in the Hamburg State Archives.

Only in a register of the registry office from 1911 does her name appear. There, in July, she reported the death of her father. Her mother Bertha Guttentag, née Enoch, had died five months earlier, on February 14, 1911, at the age of 75. Her father, the merchant Sigismund Bernhard Guttentag, "of the Mosaic religion," was equally old when he died in the Israelite Hospital. He was a native of Breslau and was the "son of the deceased husband and wife, merchant Jonas Guttentag and Friederike, née Guttentag, both last residing in Breslau."

Dora Guttentag is listed in the entry as single and without a profession. Her address, as well as that of her father, was Eppendorferbaum 38. This address for "S.B. Guttentag, Petroleummakler," first appeared in the 1911 Hamburg Address Book. In previous years, Osterstraße 56 was listed as the residence. Dora Guttentag's sister Ella (born Sept. 15, 1867 in Hamburg), who was three years older, probably also lived in the household. She was also not married.

After her father's death, Dora moved in with Marianne Lehmann, a friend. This is evident from a handwritten note found in a file of the Chief Finance President from 1940, which is in the Hamburg State Archives. The documents in this file refer to the "security order" issued in February 1940 against "Fräulein Marianne Sara Lehmann," who is also commemorated by a Stolperstein at Abendrothsweg 19. From then on, Marianne Lehmann was only allowed to dispose of 225 RM (Reichsmark) of her own assets per month. She had to obtain separate permission from the Chief Finance President for all other expenses that might be necessary.

Dora Guttentag was also forced to disclose her financial circumstances. In April 1940, she had "assets" of 1604 RM, which consisted of securities (1100 RM), a savings balance (230 RM) and 274 RM cash. The text on the enclosed note reads: "I have lived with my friend Mariana Sara Lehmann since 1911, pay no rent and am fed by her. I cover my other personal expenses myself partly from the savings bank balance [,] last year from the proceeds of jewelry and silver and the sale of furniture and other items. From these proceeds the balance is 274 M(ark). Among my personal expenses I count annually clothing, doctor, dentist, podiatrist, pharmacy, hairdresser, shoe repair, fare, grave care, to a small extent charity. Gifts, postage, toiletries, and administrative expenses at Dresdner Bank."

On Dora Guttenberg's cultural tax card from the Jewish community of Hamburg, her "assets" in June 1941 are listed as "ca. 1300.-". The line below it reads "no income."

A few months later, Dora Guttenberg and Marianne Lehmann received the deportation order to Riga in the apartment Abendrothsweg 19, 1st floor. "Departed Dec[ember] 6, 1941 by emigration," is euphemistically noted on the Kultussteuerkarten. The two women were 71 and 66 years old.

Actually, according to the guidelines issued by the Reich Security Main Office for each deportation, the Gestapo should not have placed both of them in an eastern deportation because of their age, but should have put them on hold for later deportation to Theresienstadt.

The deportation transport from Hamburg was not directed to the Riga ghetto, but to the Riga-Jungfernhof makeshift camp. It is not known exactly when, where and how the friends perished.

A year and a half later, on June 11, 1943, Dora Guttentag's sister Ella was deported to Theresienstadt, where she perished on March 7, 1944.

Translation by Beate Meyer
Stand: February 2022
© Sabine Brunotte

Quellen: 1; 5; StaH 332-5_655; StaH 332-5_9701; StaH 314-15_R 1940_0138; Adressbücher Hamburg 1908 bis 1911 unter, letzter Zugriff 30.8.2021;,, letzter Zugriff 30.8.2021;, letzter Zugriff 30.8.2021;, letzter Zugriff 30.8.2021.
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