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Marcus Fränkel * 1890
Grindelberg 74 A (Eimsbüttel, Harvestehude)
Alice Fränkel, née Rosenberg, b. 3.1.1903 in Altona, deported to Minsk on 11.18.1941, murdered
Marcus Fränkel, b. 3.26.1890 in Radautz, Bukovina, deported to Minsk on 11.18.1941, murdered
Mosche Jona Fränkel, b. 7.6.1940 in Hamburg, deported to Minsk on 11.18.1941, murdered
Marcus Fränkel‘s parents were Moses Meier Fränkel, born in Radautz, and Gabi, née Ettlinger. Radautz lay in the former Duchy of Bukovina, which belonged to the Habsburg Empire until 1918. German was the everyday language because most of the inhabitants were of German extraction. Radautz was a Jewish center in the Bukovina, which today belongs to Romania.
Since 1919, Marcus Fränkel was a member of the Jewish Congregation of Hamburg. In 1930, he left the Congregation as he was considered a "non-believer.” Later, he rejoined the Congregation, whether voluntarily or because of the pressure of events is not known. In 1940 and 1941 he was assessed for the Communal Religion Tax.
Marcus Fränkel was a dental technician. From 1 January 1913, he was an employee of the Reich Insurance Company for Employees (RfA). However, according to the BfA (Federal Insurance Company for Employees), the legal successor of the RfA in the Federal Republic, no entries are verifiable. According to documents held by the Dentists’ Association, Marcus Fränkel was listed in the address books of German dentists for 1931-1932 and 1933-1934. From these sources it is apparent that Marcus [AS: text has Markus] Fränkel settled in Hamburg as a dentist in 1914. Whether he was a dental technician or a state-certified dentist cannot be clarified by the present-day Dentists’ Association.
From 1931 to 1934, Marcus Fränkel lived in a 5 ½ room apartment at Grindelberg 74a. From 15 April 1934, there existed a general prohibition against practice by Jewish physicians. According to later information from his brother-in-law Eduard Schreiber, Marcus Fränkel was prohibited from practicing in January 1939. He packed up his office, including his furniture and equipment, in boxes and stored these in two rooms of his apartment. In a bedroom he continued to practice, illegally.
Marcus Fränkel subleased rooms until his deportation. On 9 November 1938, he was arrested and incarcerated in the Fuhlsbüttel concentration camp into 1939. He did forced labor for which he was minimally paid.
At the end of the 1930s, Marcus Fränkel married Alice Rosenberg. Her parents were Wilhelm Rosenberg and Johanna, née Storch, born 13 September 1868 in Hamburg. Alice had been an employee of the firm Jacobi & Co., at Neuen Wall 10, later of the firm Kluge and Winter. From 1932, she was registered in the Communal Religion Tax records. In August 1934, she had lived near Fränkel at Grindelberg 44a. Later she lived at Scheideweg 49 and at Heinestrasse 22, with Spenger. On 6 July 1940, Marcus and Alice Fränkel had a son, Mosche Jona.
As early as 1 March 1940, the Fränkels created a detailed inventory of their furniture as well as the equipment of his dental practice. The original of this list still exists. Judging from it, they maintained an extensive bourgeois household.
As heirs, they designated: for Paula Alice Fränkel, her sister Elsa Schreiber, née Rosenberg, for Marcus Fränkel, his brother-in-law Willi Johann Heinrich Eduard Schreiber, the husband of Elsa Schreiber.
Since 19 September 1941 and up to his deportation, Marcus Fränkel had to wear the "Jewish star.” He was deported to Minsk on 8 November 1941 and murdered.
Alice Fränkel, with her little son Mosche Jona, was deported to Minsk on 18 November 1941. Both were murdered.
The Gestapo sealed the Fränkel apartment after the deportation of Alice and Mosche Jona. On 30 January 1942, the household was auctioned off for a net value of RM 1,157.70.
Alice Fränkel’s mother Johanna Rosenberg was deported to Theresienstadt on 15 July 1942 and perished there. A commemorative stone is placed for her at Scheideweg 49 in Hamburg-Eimsbüttel (see Hamburg-Eimsbüttel).
Eduard Willi Johann Heinrich Schreiber, b. 11 August 1895 in Hamburg, was considered an "Aryan." Elsa Schreiber, née Rosenberg, was born in Altona on 26 August 1898. She came from a Jewish family. Since 15 April 1913, Eduard Schreiber worked as an assistant recorder at the Altona District Court. On 5 May 1924, he was promoted to judicial chief secretary in the civil service and later to superintending justice. Eduard Schreiber worked as a judicial official in the District Court of Altona. On 31 December 1943, because he lived in a "mixed marriage” with a "full-Jewess,” he was forced into retirement. He had heart trouble. On 9 December 1944, the Gestapo required him to do rubble-removal work. Because of his heart problems, however, he was not in a position to do this work. On 1 February 1945, Eduard and Elsa Schreiber were forced by the Gestapo to leave their apartment on Hohenzollernring in Altona for the benefit of a Gestapo man. After the war, Eduard and Elsa were able to return to their apartment. They had one son, Kurt Gerhard, born on 5 February 1924 in Altona.
Translator: Richard Levy
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
© Peter Steckhan
Quellen: 1; 5; StaH 351-11 Amt für Wiedergutmachung 21603 u.17426; StaH 213-13 Landgericht Hamburg 7421 u. 7422.
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