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Already layed Stumbling Stones
Joseph Baer * 1884
Isestraße 61 (Eimsbüttel, Harvestehude)
further stumbling stones in Isestraße 61:
Josepha Ambor, Else Baer, Hedi Baer, Ingrid Baer, Minna Benjamin, Rosalie Benjamin, Emma Dugowski, Henriette Dugowski, Hermann Dugowski, Ida Dugowski, Moritz Dugowski, Wanda Dugowski, Selly Gottlieb, Heinrich Ilse, Ella Meyer, Max Meyer, Otto Meyer, Gregor Niessengart, Sophie Philip, Michael Pielen, Gertrud Rosenbaum, Edmund Sonn
Else Baer, née Bruckmann, born on 10 May 1888 in Krefeld, deported on 8 Nov. 1941 to Minsk
Joseph Baer, born on 19 Apr. 1884 in Lübeck, deported on 8 Nov. 1941 to Minsk
Ingrid Baer, born on 23 May 1922 in Hamburg, deported on 8 Nov. 1941 to Minsk
Hedi Baer, born on 1 Nov. 1928 in Hamburg, deported on 8 Nov. 1941 to Minsk
One week after her thirteenth birthday, Hedi Baer was deported to Minsk together with her sister and parents. We know little about the family. Joseph Baer was born in Lübeck, his wife Else in Krefeld. Joseph Baer owned a store at Alter Steinweg for beds, carpets, and home textiles that earned him a good living. In 1938, the company was "Aryanized.” Joseph Baer was obliged to collect accounts receivable, provide details about the collection every month, and pay taxes on it. In addition, he had to pay the "levy on Jewish assets” ("Judenvermögensabgabe”). His own assets were put under "security order” ("Sicherungsanordnung”), thus he was not longer allowed to dispose freely of his money. A specific sum was prescribed to him toward covering the living expenses of the family of four.
As a precaution, in better days the parents had opened two savings accounts each for the two daughters. However, they were not allowed to dispose freely of these balances either.
The older daughter Ingrid worked as a children’s nurse, the younger one, Hedi, attended the "Jewish School in Hamburg” located on Carolinenstrasse in the very end. The school constituted the small rest that remained of the once eminent Jewish schools, the "Israelite Girls’ School” and the Talmud Tora School.
As of Nov. 1939, the Baers rented out two rooms. Since there were no relatives in Hamburg, we probably have to imagine that the Baers left behind their apartment as it was prior to 8 Nov. 1941, handing in the key to the next police station. The household effects were confiscated and later auctioned off.
In the Minsk Ghetto, all traces of them disappear. Joseph Baer’s three sisters and two nephews were also killed. Three nephews survived the Shoah.
Translator: Erwin Fink
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
© Christa Fladhammer
Quellen: 1; 2; AfW 190484; Ursula Randt, Die Talmud Tora Schule in Hamburg 1805 bis 1942, Hamburg 2005.
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