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Esther Gutfreund (née Gruner) * 1906
Paulsenplatz 9 (Altona, Altona-Altstadt)
BENTSCHEN / ZBASZYN
Abraham Gutfreund, born on 28.12.1929 in Altona, deported to Zbaszyn on 28.10.1938, forced labor 1942 in the Tarnow ghetto, died there
Chaskel Oskar Gutfreund, born on 1.1.1907 in Wisnitz/Bukowina, escaped to Belgium and France in 1939, interned in the Mechelen camp, deported to Auschwitz on 15.1.1943, murdered there
Esther Gutfreund, née Gruner, born on 21.7.1906 in Ulanow/Nisko/Galicia, deported to Zbaszyn on 28.10.1938, forced labor 1942 in the Tarnow ghetto, died there
Jakob Gutfreund, born on 30.6.1904 in Wisnitz/Bukowina, deported to Zbaszyn on 28.10.1938, forced labor 1942 in the Tarnow ghetto, died there
Senta Gutfreund, born on 7.7.1931 in Altona, deported to Zbaszyn on 28.10.1938, deported to the Tarnow ghetto, died there
Simon Gutfreund, born on 9.3.1924 in Altona, deported to Zbaszyn on 28.10.1938, escaped to Belgium, interned in the Mechelen camp, deported to the Auschwitz extermination camp on 25.8.1942, murdered
Jakob Gutfreund was born in 1904 as the oldest of eleven children of the Jewish merchant Salomon Gutfreund and his wife Caroline in Wisnitz, Poland. Around 1915 his parents emigrated to Germany with him and five siblings born in Wisnitz, including his brother Chaskel Oskar. They settled in Altona. There his mother gave birth to five more children. The family lived at Paulsenplatz 9; all held Polish citizenship.
Jakob Gutfreund married Esther Gruner, who had been born in 1906 as the daughter of Khaim and Hinda Gruner in Ulanov/Galicia in today's Ukraine. The couple also lived at Paulsenplatz 9 in Altona, where their sons Simon and Abraham were born in 1924 and 1929, and their daughter Senta in 1931.
On October 28, 1938, Jakob and Esther Gutfreund, together with their children and other family members, were expelled as Jews of Polish origin to the Polish border town of Zbaszyn in the so-called "Polenaktion” (expulsion of Jews with Polish origin).
After the invasion of the German Wehrmacht in Poland, many of those deported there perished in the ghettos and concentration camps in the East. Jakob and Esther Gutfreund and their children Abraham and Senta died in the Tarnow ghetto in Poland, east of Krakow. The German occupiers imprisoned about 20,000 Polish Jews here in a collective camp, and thousands were deported from here to extermination camps, especially Belzec. The ghetto was liquidated in September 1943.
The son Simon and his uncle Oskar Gutfreund managed to escape to Belgium, but under the German occupation they were deported from the transit camp Mechelen to Auschwitz, where they were murdered.
Translation by Beate Meyer
Stand: February 2022
© Birgit Gewehr
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