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Eva Gumpert (née Liebermann) * 1878

Abteistraße 55 (Eimsbüttel, Harvestehude)

JG. 1878

further stumbling stones in Abteistraße 55:
Konrad Gumpert

Conrad Gumpert, born 4 Sep. 1878 in Deutsch-Eylau (Western Prussia)
Eva Gumpert, born 12 Dec. 1878 in Pakosch (Posen province)
Deported 8 Nov. 1941 to Minsk

Conrad and Eva Gumpert moved to Hamburg in 1912 and opened a wholesaling business for bakery and confectionery supplies, St. Georgshof, at Spaldingstraße 156. They had two daughters, Lieselotte (*1910 in Posen) and Hella (*1913 in Hamburg). Their company had 20-25 on-site employees and 40-45 sales representatives. It sold the products manufactured by S. (Sally) Gumpert & Co., which was owned by relatives of Conrad Gumpert who were US citizens. Conrad Gumpert was the sole proprietor of the company until 1933, when the Chamber of Commerce and the company’s Nazi-dominated workers’ council forced him to step down.

The company was formally reestablished as the Conrad Gumpert GmbH in August 1933, under the management of the former general manager Max Rehders. From this point onwards, Conrad Gumpert no longer had any proprietary rights or management functions. He was granted compensation in the form of a commission contract (valid until 1944), which allowed him a share of the profits from his former company, but forced him to renounce all influence on it.

In late 1936 this contract was dissolved, again at the insistence of Nazi organizations, and he was given a one-time severance payment. All of the assets of his former company were transferred to Max Rehders and the name was officially changed to "The Conrad Gumpert Company, Max Rehders, Proprietor.” In 1941 the name Gumpert was stricken completely, and only that of Rehders remained. Conrad Gumpert used the severance payment to open a small import-export company, which had its offices at Lange Reihe 29.

Since 1928, the Gumperts had lived in a large, 6 ½- room apartment on Klosterallee. When their financial situation worsened due to the discriminatory measures of the Nazi regime, their landlord pressured them to move out, and in May 1938 they moved to an apartment on Abteistraße.

By this time both daughters had emigrated. Lieselotte was married to Jakob Emmel, and they had left the country in 1936. Hella and her husband Erich Wachsmann had emigrated in 1937. They were thus able to avoid the same tragic fate as befell their parents.

Between 1938 and their deportation to Minsk on 8 November 1941, Conrad and Eva Gumpel were forced to move several times. They first moved to a boarding house on Rothenbaumchaussee, then, in mid-October 1939, "on order of the Gestapo,” into a rented room at Grindelallee 188.

Translator: Amy Lee

Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.

© Benedikt Behrens

Quellen: 1; 4; 5; AfW, Entschädigungsakte; StaH, 522-1, Jüdische Gemeinden, 992 e 2 (Deportationslisten); AB 1938/39; Bajohr, Frank, "Arisierung" in Hamburg. Die Verdrängung der jüdischen Unternehmer 1933–1945, Hamburg 1997, S. 360.

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