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Already layed Stumbling Stones
Rosa Bernstein * 1865
Simon-von-Utrecht-Straße 4 (Hamburg-Mitte, St. Pauli)
further stumbling stones in Simon-von-Utrecht-Straße 4:
Dr. Charlotte Friedmann
Rosa Bernstein, born 29.8.1865 in Bollinken near Stettin, deported 23.6.1943 to Theresienstadt, died there 11.3.1944
Simon-von-Utrecht-Straße 4 (Eckernförderstraße 4)
The Jewish nurse Rosa Bernstein was born on August 29, 1865 in Bollinken, today a district of Stettin. In 1898 - probably after the death of her parents Max and Johanna Bernstein, who are buried with other relatives in the Jewish cemetery in Stettin - she came to Hamburg, where she was listed by the Jewish community as a taxpayer for the first time in 1902. From 1929 at the latest, she worked in the Jewish hospital (Israelite Hospital) on Simon-von-Utrecht-Straße, where, according to the mentioned tax card, she was first a "clerk", then a "nurse" and finally a "head nurse".
"Sister Rose" or "Rosie" as she was called, lived in the nurses' home on the hospital grounds until the hospital was confiscated by the city of Hamburg in September 1939. Together with the remaining Jewish nurses and physicians, who now were only allowed to practice as "sick care providers," she moved to Johnsallee.
The former Calmann private clinic at Johnsallee No. 68 and the building at No. 54, where Rosa Bernstein was also housed, were set up as makeshift replacements. By this time, Rosa Bernstein had already retired and was receiving a small pension in addition to a disability pension. However, she had not been allowed to dispose of her income and savings independently since May 1939. According to the "security order," she could only withdraw sums over 100 RM from her account after prior authorization.
Like many Jews, after the November pogrom she was also obliged to pay an "atonement tax".
When the Jewish Hospital moved to Schäferkampsallee 25-29 at the end of August 1942, Rosa Bernstein, now 77 years old, also had to change her place of residence again. In the building, which until then had been used as a Jewish "nursing and infirmary home", she moved into "1/2 room".
She lived here for almost another year until she was deported to Theresienstadt with 107 other people on June 23, 1943. Her property was, as the Chief Finance President later informed her, "confiscated in favor of the Reich."
Sister Rose died in Theresienstadt on March 11, 1944.
Translation by Beate Meyer
© Gunhild Ohl-Hinz
Quellen: 1; 2; 4; 8; StaH 314-15 OFP, R 1939/2656; StaH 332-8 Meldewesen, A51/1, K 2515; StaH 522-1 Jüd. Gemeinden, 922 n Band 3.
Zur Nummerierung häufig genutzter Quellen siehe Recherche und Quellen. Hier abweichend:
(2) Bundesarchiv Berlin, R 1509 Reichssippenamt, Ergänzungskarten der Volkszählung vom 17. Mai 1939