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Friederike (Frieda) Cohn * 1862
Grindelhof 2 (Eimsbüttel, Rotherbaum)
Friederike (Frieda) Cohn, b. 6.7.1862 in Hooksiel, deported to Theresienstadt on 7.15.1942, killed there on 8.1.1942
Frieda Cohn’s parents were Aron and Henriette Cohn, neé Vogelier. She remained unmarried and lived until March 1940 in her birthplace, Hooksiel in the district of Frisia. Unfortunately, we know little of her life before the advent of Nazi persecution. On the night of 9-10 November 1938, she, along with all the Jews of Jever and the commune of Wangerland, which belonged to Hooksiel, were arrested by Storm Troopers and taken to the jail of the Jever District Court. On the following afternoon, the women, including Frieda Cohn, were again set free. When she returned home, she found it had been plundered by the Storm Troopers, the Hitler Youth, and a mob.
For just another half year, Frieda Cohn lived in Hooksiel. Then she was driven out, with all the Jews living in the district of Frisia. On 26 January 1940, in a coordinated action, the police secretariat of Wilhelmshaven, the district governor of Frisia, the mayor of Jever, and the local head of the NSDAP determined "to act against the Jews living in the District of Frisia in order to carry out an accelerated exodus into the interior.” This affected 47 men and women. Seven of the women were older than 70, impoverished, and living alone. Leaving was financially and on grounds of age impossible for them. For this reason, the leader of the Jever synagogue congregation, Julius Gröschler, apparently arranged their "resettlement” directly. Among these women was the already 77-year old Frieda Cohn. Gröschler succeeded in finding her a place to stay in Hamburg; in March 1940, she arrived in the Hanseatic City and lived initially at Hochallee 66. Her household furnishings, like those of the other Jews forced to leave were "auctioned off for a song in the Jever guest house, Zum Birnbaum,” this according to Hartmut Peters, the former Jever teacher and leader of the research project, "Jews in Jever.” Frieda Cohn had to leave the Hochallee address in 1942 for the old people’s home at Beneckestrasse 6, which she again had to leave, moving to Grindelhof 2.
On 15 July 1942, the now 80-year old was deported to Theresienstadt, where she died on 1 August 1942. Her name stands on the cenotaph for the murdered Jews of Jever.
Translator: Richard Levy
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
© Stephanie Fleischer
Quellen: 1; 4; StaH 522-1 Jüdische Gemeinden 992 d 35, Bd. 5/217; Peters: Die Vertreibung; Tagesbefehl des Ältestenrates Nr. 187 vom 3.8.1942, 7./Todesfälle, Am 1. August 1942, online auf: www.holocaust.cz/de/datenbank-der-digitalisierten-dokumenten/dokument/77206-tagesbefehl-des-ltestenrates-nr-187-vom-3-8-1942 (letzter Aufruf: 27.7.2016).
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