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Annemarie Deutschländer * 1920
Schrammsweg 29 (Hamburg-Nord, Eppendorf)
Arnold Deutschländer, born on 12 Feb. 1882 in Hamburg, deported on 8 Nov. 1941 to Minsk
Dora Deutschländer, née Tietz, born on 13 Feb. 1884 in Driesen, deported on 8 Nov. 1941 to Minsk
Annemarie Deutschländer, born on 4 Apr. 1920 in Hamburg, deported on 8 Nov. 1941 to Minsk
Arnold Deutschländer was born as the son of the teacher Moses Deutschländer and his wife Angela, née Brasch. After finishing his one-year graduating class ("Einjähriges”), he did an apprenticeship as an import and export trader and took on a senior position as a purchaser with Hamburg-based Hengstenberg, Schulz & Co. in 1912. There he earned enough money to enable him to marry and start a family with Dora Tietz in Aug. 1913. They moved to the second floor of the house at Schrammsweg 29. Dora Johanna Tietz came from an old-established family in Driesen, today the Polish town of Drezdenko, located on a wedge of Land between the Alte Netze (Notec) and Faule Netze rivers. The nearest larger city was Landsberg/Warthe (Warta), today Gorzow Wielkopolski. As early as the year 1869, her grandfather was a member of the local city council assembly and so was her father, the merchant Julius Tietz, later on. Dora was the second of five children of Hedwig and Julius Tietz. After the birth of her brother Willi in 1885, the parents converted to the Protestant faith.
When Dora and Arnold Deutschländer got married in Aug. 1913, Julius Tietz had already passed away. The following year, on 28 June 1914, Helmuth was born, the first child of the Deutschländer couple. Shortly after the outbreak of the First World War, Arnold Deutschländer was drafted into the military, being deployed at the eastern and western fronts and after the war serving at the Hamburg garrison headquarters. During the war, he received the Iron Cross Second Class and the Hanseatic Cross. The Hanseatic Cross was a decoration that the Hanseatic cities of Hamburg, Bremen, and Lübeck conferred for services in combat.
The company of his former employer having been liquidated during the war, Arnold Deutschländer worked for a variety of importing and exporting firms in Hamburg upon his discharge from the army in 1919 and was unemployed on several occasions.
In Apr. 1920, daughter Annemarie was born. She attended the preschool run by Clara Lehmann on Heilwigstrasse (see corresponding entry) and from 1933 onward the Israelite Girls’ School on Carolinenstrasse. Since after completing school she was still too young to start the desired training as a nurse, she initially took a course in a home economics school. In Mar. 1937, she was eventually able to begin her three-year training as a teaching nurse at the Israelite Hospital on Eckernförderstrasse, where she was accommodated in the nurses’ residence, receiving free room and board as well as a monthly allowance. After the Israelite Hospital on Eckernförderstrasse had to close in Sept. 1939, operations were maintained in replacement buildings on Johnsallee. Annemarie Deutschländer received a salary of 70 RM (reichsmark) and moved into a single-room apartment at Beneckestrasse 6. As she told her cousin Horst Tietz, she very much liked this responsible work because she knew she was respected in the clinic and felt at home there despite the increasingly difficult conditions.
Annemarie’s father, Arnold Deutschländer, eventually worked for the Davidson Brothers company at Mönckebergstrasse 7, which traded in coffee, skins, and balm. Following the "Aryanization” of the company, he traveled to Britain in Jan. 1939, probably to prepare the joint emigration with his wife and daughter, returning unsuccessfully, however.
At the end of 1938, Annemarie’s brother, Helmuth Deutschländer, emigrated together with his wife Vera initially to Palestine, where their son Uri was born in 1940. The married couple separated, and in 1946, Helmuth Deutschländer emigrated to Melbourne/Australia along with his second wife, Sonja.
His uncle Willi Tietz wrote to him that Annemarie, Dora, and Arnold Deutschländer had "departed to the East for rebuilding on 8 Nov. 1941.” They had been deported together from their long-standing home on Schrammsweg to the Minsk Ghetto. After the war, Helmuth Deutschländer attempted to find his relatives but they remained missing and were declared dead.
Translator: Erwin Fink
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
© Maria Koser
Quellen: 1; 4; 8; 9; AfW 220614 Delander, Helmut (zu Deutschländer, Arnold); StaH 522-1 Jüd. Gemeinden, 992e1 Band 2; Archiwum Panstwowe Gorzów Wielkopolski, Akta miesta Drezdenko Nr.9, Nr.11, Nr.14, Nr.15, Nr.76, Nr.83; Offenborn, Jüdische Jugend, 2007, Bd. 2, S. 329 f.; Auskunft Uri Adar.
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