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Mathilde Dyhrenfurth (née Schickler) * 1874
Borgfelder Straße 24 (Hamburg-Mitte, Borgfelde)
Mathilde Dyhrenfurth, née Schickler, born on 8 Aug. 1874 in Altona, deported on 19 July 1942 to Theresienstadt, deported further on 15 May 1944 to Auschwitz
Borgfelder Strasse 24
On 24 Dec. 1915, Mathilde Dyhrenfurth, born as the twin sister of Rosa Schickler in Altona (see entry on Angres), got married in Hamburg at the age of 41 to the merchant Ludwig Dyhrenfurth. His parents, Robert Dyhrenfurth and Fanny, née Friedländer, had moved with their son Ludwig from Berlin to Hamburg in early 1901. Ludwig was born in Berlin on 29 June 1879, his older brother, Stephan, born on 4 Oct. 1877 in Breslau (today Wroclaw in Poland), followed the family one year later. Sister Gertrud, born in 1875, lived in Aachen.
Robert Dyhrenfurth operated a cigar factory at Hachmannplatz. When he died in 1907 at the age of 82, his son Ludwig took over the company, in which his brother Stephan also worked for some time. Mathilde and Ludwig Dyhrenfurth lived at Klaus-Groth-Strasse 6a in Borgfelde, whereas Stephan Dyhrenfurth and his mother Fanny lived in Hohenfelde, where Gertrud visited regularly until her mother’s death on 20 Sept. 1917. The entire family belonged to the Hamburg German-Israelitic Community.
On 2 May 1918, Ludwig Dyhrenfurth passed away without leaving any descendants. In 1919, Stephan Dyhrenfurth went back to Berlin. Mathilde Dyhrenfurth initially continued to live at Klaus-Groth-Strasse. The finery and fashion store (Putz- und Modewarengeschäft) "R. & M. Schickler,” operated together with her sister Rosa at Hammerbrookstrasse 6, generated a very modest profit. Located next to their store on the ground floor of the house was "Siegmund Stern Jr und Schuster + Co.,” Mr. and Mrs. Siegmund and Hertha Schuster’s (see corresponding entry) linen store. Alfred Schickler, her oldest brother, owned the men’s fashion store at the intersection of Hammerbrookstrasse/Besenbinderhof. Mathilde Dyhrenfurth rented an apartment at Borgfelderstrasse 24, which she shared with her siblings Siegmund Schickler and Rosa, as well as the latter’s husband, Max Angres. In 1939, the broker David Glücksohn (see corresponding entry), who had gone blind, also moved in with them. Despite her modest means, Mathilde Dyhrenfurth showed herself charitable in 1935: For instance, she followed the call in the Jewish community newsletter to donate toward sending children off to recreation homes.
In 1941, Mathilde Dyhrenfurth and her siblings separated again. Mathilde moved to Ostmarkstrasse 2, today’s Hallerstrasse, and from there to Ida Kiewy, a wealthy widow living at Johnsallee 29. Eventually, she had to report to Martin Brunn-Stift at Frickestrasse 24, which under state control of Jewish residential space served as a "Jews’ house” ("Judenhaus”). From there she was deported together with Ida Kiewy to the Theresienstadt Ghetto on 19 July 1942. The latter was forced to sign over her substantial assets for the "home purchase contract” ("Heimeinkaufsvertrag”), whereas Mathilde Dyhrenfurth had no means at all she could have contributed. She lived in the ghetto of Theresienstadt for nearly two more years until she was assigned to a transport to Auschwitz on 15 May 1944, three months before her seventieth birthday, and probably murdered immediately upon arrival.
Ida Kiewy survived the deportation. She was chosen for the transport comprised of 1,200 persons that went from Theresienstadt to Switzerland on 5 Feb. 1945.
Translator: Erwin Fink
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
© Hildegard Thevs
Quellen: 1; 4; 5; 7; BA 1939; Altonaer Adressbuch 1875; StaH, 231-7 Handelsregister, A 1 Bd 21, Nr. 5479; 552-1 Jüdische Gemeinden, 390; 391; 992 e 2, Bd. 5; 872 XII; Lachmund, Altona.
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