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Serge Duvert * 1944
Essener Straße 54 (Hamburg-Nord, Langenhorn)
further stumbling stones in Essener Straße 54:
Tamara Balenow, Elfriede Barabanowa, Jury Belikowa, namenloses Mädchen Beltschikowa, Walentina Beretschnoj, Victor Bilous, Elsa Borisowa, Vladimir Bowton, Leopold Colman, Anatoli Dubskaja, Max Ernest Duvert, Knabe Fedyk, Swetlana Harkawtschuk, Anatoli Kobilko, Luja Kolomejtschuk, Ilda Konforowitsch, Waldemar Kosowzow, Schura Kotschezeschko, Paul Kowalewa, Alex Kritzkaja, Valentin Lewonenko, Raisa Lomonossowa, Josef Mrosowska, Galina Nasarowa, Luba Nesterowitsch, Alexandra Nikolajew, Maria Ostagowa, Sina Paratschenko, Annatoli Podwinskaja, Damara Pogrebnikowa, Lydia Poliwara, Iwan Poliwara, Regina Larissa Prieditis, Iwan Ragulina, Wasilij Romanenko, Alexander Sabluswitschke, Klawa Schurawel, Anatoli Slusar, Namenloses Mädchen Solowey, Knabe Stefa, Valentin Tkatschow, Viktor Tomaschuk, Luba Tulup, Sigmund Tuschinska, René-Yves Vitel, Boris Wenik, Genja Woronez, Walodja Woronzow, Anatoli Zebenko
Serge Duvert, born on 27.5.1944 in Hamburg, died on 8.8.1944
Essener Straße 54 (formerly camp Tannenkoppel, Weg 4, also called "Tarpenbek = Forced labor camp of the armaments industry in Hamburg Langenhorn)
Serge Duvert was born in Hamburg on May 27, 1944. His parents, Hélène Julie, née Mouceau, born on August 24, 1917 in Nemours, and Jules Ernest Duvert, born on July 31, 1917, also in Nemours, were of the Catholic faith and had married there on May 31, 1941. Deported from their native France, they were initially forced to perform forced labor in Hamburg-Langenhorn for Hanseatische Kettenwerk GmbH (HAK), Hélène since October 29, 1942, and Jules since April 14, 1943. They were housed separately in the women's and men's camps in the "Gemeinschaftslager Tarpenbeck," Weg 4.
Hélène Julie Duvert was admitted to the Alsterdorf hospital on the day of the birth of her first child; it was a "premature birth". After eight days, on June 5, 1944, she returned with her son Serge to the "Tarpenbek communal camp." In this forced labor camp Serge had to spend a short period of his life. The nutritional and living conditions there were completely inadequate for him.
A few days later he was admitted to the Eppendorf University Hospital and after two months, on August 2, 1944, he was transferred from there to the Wintermoor hospital. Four days later, on August 8, 1944, he died in this hospital Ehrhorn near Soltau at 9:00 am. In the hospital list, the cause of death is given as "premature birth". In the death register there is also the entry: "registered on written notice of the hospital special facilities Aktion Brandt - Wintermoor facility". This indicates that Serge was killed by deliberate neglect, by starvation, or by an overdose of medication.
Serge was 2 months and 13 days old.
Eight days after his death, he was buried in Ohlsdorf Cemetery on August 16, 1944, grave location: Q 39, row 5, no. 36. His grave is no longer preserved. At the end of 1959 it was levelled together with at least 146 graves of children of forced laborers on area Q 39.
Hélène Julie Duvert gave birth to her son Max Ernest Duvert (born on May 11, 1945 in Hamburg, see his biography) one year after the birth of her first son.
In "Aktion Brandt," directed by Karl Brandt, General Commissar for Sanitary and Health Services, and named after him, patients were transferred from sanatoriums and nursing homes to other care facilities and alternative hospitals beginning in 1943, officially to free up bed space for the increasing number of war wounded.
In many cases, they were killed there by deliberate neglect, starvation or an overdose of medication. "Aktion Brandt" is therefore referred to as "regionalized euthanasia" or "decentralized euthanasia." It was a successor to the "T 4 Action", the targeted "euthanasia" murder of psychiatric patients, which had been officially discontinued in August 1941 due to the resistance of church representatives of both denominations and of parts of the population as well as of some institutions.
Karl Brandt was sentenced to death in 1947 at the Nuremberg "Doctors' Trial" as one of the main perpetrators of Nazi "euthanasia" crimes and executed the following year.
The hospital "Krankenhaus-Anlage-Wintermoor" was built in 1942/43 as a Hamburg alternative hospital with forced laborers, Soviet prisoners of war, and Italian military internees, under the direction of the "Organisation Todt" (OT), a paramilitary special organization of the Nazi state that carried out war-related construction projects. After the accidental death of its founder and organizer Fritz Todt in February 1942, the leadership was transferred to Albert Speer, Reich Minister for Armaments and Munitions. Eleven Soviet prisoners of war out of about 100 prisoners of war from the subcamp StaLag (Stammlager) Sandbostel, who were housed in a wooden barrack in Ehrhorn and died during the construction of the Wintermoor hospital, are known by name. Polish forced laborers worked in the hospital in the kitchen and as cleaners.
Translation by Beate Meyer
Stand: February 2022
© Margot Löhr
Quellen: Standesamt Hamburg 1b, Geburtsregister, 513/1944 Serge Duvert; Standesamt Ehrhorn/Krs. Soltau, Sterberegister Nr. 81/1944 Serge Duvert; Heiratsregister Nemours/Frankreich, Mai 1941; StaH 131-1 II, 518 Listen der während des Zweiten Weltkrieges in Hamburg verstorbenen und beigesetzten ausländischen Zivilarbeiter, S. 85, S. 176; 131-1 II_2721 Listen der Gräber von im Zweiten Weltkrieg verstorbenen ausländischen Zivilisten auf Hamburger Friedhöfen, S. 31; StaH 332-8, A 48 Alphabetische Meldekartei der Ausländer 1939–1945; StaH 332-8 Meldewesen, Hausmeldekartei, 741-4 Fotoarchiv, K 2357 Sportstraße DAF Lager; ITS Archives, Bad Arolsen, Copy of Krankenhausliste Krankenhaus Alsterdorf 18.104.22.168 / 70646154, Geburtsurkunde 22.214.171.124 / 76949521 Serge Duvert, Sterbeurkunde 126.96.36.199 / 77083252 Serge Duvert, Duvert Helene Doku 188.8.131.52 / 78003117, 184.108.40.206 / 72134972, Duvert Serge Doku 220.127.116.11 / 78003119, DE ITS 18.104.22.168 HA 001 11 FRA ZM/70646945/70642598, DE ITS 22.214.171.124 HA 001 11 NiE ZM/70647749, DE ITS 126.96.36.199 HA 001 9 RUS ZM/70646387; http://www.zwangsarbeit-in-hamburg.de, eingesehen 17.2.2016; https://archiv-wintermoor.de/allgemein/zwangsarbeit, eingesehen 12.1.2017; www.gedenkorte-europa.eu/de_de/article-organi sation-todt-ot.html, einges. 12.1.2017; Archiv Friedhofsverwaltung Ohlsdorf, Beerdigungsregister 1944.