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Already layed Stumbling Stones
Carolina Falck (née Neukorn) * 1879
Herrengraben 4 (Hamburg-Mitte, Neustadt)
further stumbling stones in Herrengraben 4:
Carolina Falck, née Neukorn, born on 5 May 1879 in Hamburg, deported to Riga on 6 Dec. 1941
Herrengraben 4 (formerly Herrengraben 91)
Caroline Falck née Neukorn was born on 5 May 1879 in Hamburg. Her birth certificate shows that both parents were of the Jewish faith. However, doubts arose on the part of the state about the legality of their marriage, because it had initially been concluded only by religious rite. Therefore, the state did not recognize it. Thus, on Carolina Neukorn’s birth certificate dated 6 Apr. 1900, the following supplement was added:
"1. The mother of the child designated in the registration is not the wife of the reporting party, and the ritual marriage entered into between her and the reporting party on 16 Feb. 1871, according to the presented ‘marriage certificate,’ is to be regarded as an event not to be legally considered under the law.
2. At the time of the birth, said mother was a trader, and correctly, her names were:
"Beila, née Berkner, widowed name Spitzel.”
Thereupon Salomon Neukorn, who had already been married once, and the widowed Beila Spitzel, née Berkner, entered into marriage on 6 Apr. 1900, now also in a civil ceremony, before a registrar. On the same day, Salomon Neukorn declared at the registry office, "I recognize the child with the first name of Carolina, whose mother I married according to the marriage certificate presented, as mine. Thus, Carolina Neukorn was formally the legitimate child of the merchant Salomon Neukorn and his wife Beila as of 6 Apr. 1900.
Carolina Neukorn had three sisters: Anna Neukorn, born on 25 June 1877; Maria Neukorn, born on 17 Oct. 1881; and Esther Neukorn, born on 16 Mar. 1886. Salomon Neukorn legitimized Maria and Esther in the same way as Carolina. The fourth daughter, Anna, had died in 1879 at the age of two. Thus, the question of her legitimacy no longer arose in 1900.
The parents Salomon and Beila Neukorn were both born in Krakow. They possessed Austrian citizenship when immigrating to Hamburg in Nov. 1885 and lived for the next eight years at Herrengraben 91 (basement) in Hamburg-Neustadt. According to the residents’ registration card dating from this time, Salomon Neukorn worked as a "tradesman.” The family subsequently resided in several places in Hamburg-Neustadt, eventually for several years at Eichholz 48. Salomon Neukorn died on 26 May 1904 at the age of 71.
We know nothing about Carolina’s childhood and that of her sisters. On 23 June 1907, Carolina married Julius Falck, a "painter’s assistant” born in Hamburg in 1877 and also Jewish. The couple had a daughter, Fanny, born on 12 Oct. 1910. The Hamburg directory contains an entry indicating "Julius Falck, painter, Billhorner Röhrendamm 111d” from 1911 to 1919, so one can assume that the family lived in Billbrook for several years. Later, at an unknown date, they moved to Bornstrasse 31 in the Grindel quarter. Julius Falck died there on 5 Mar. 1936, and he was buried in the Jewish Cemetery on Ilandkoppel in Hamburg-Ohlsdorf.
Carolina Falck remained on Bornstrasse for several years after her husband’s death. She lived on a small widow’s pension. After 1933, she too was affected by the increasing restrictions and marginalization implemented by the Nazi state against persons of Jewish descent.
For instance, she had to move involuntarily into the so-called "Jews’ house” ("Judenhaus”) at Grosse Bergstrasse 108. Her daughter Fanny also lived there together with her husband Walter Lazarus, born on 4 Oct. 1902, and their daughters Vera, born in 1933, and Edith Beate, born in 1937. Carolina Falck and the Lazarus family received the deportation order on Grosse Bergstrasse.
Carolina Falck was deported to Riga on 6 Dec. 1941, along with her daughter’s family and 748 other Jews. All traces of them disappear there. They were murdered in the Holocaust.
At the time Carolina Falck was deported to Riga, her sister Esther Neukorn was already dead. She had been transported from the Hamburg-Langenhorn "sanatorium and nursing home” ("Heil- und Pflegeanstalt” Langenhorn) to Brandenburg/Havel on 23 Sept. 1940, and on the same day, she was murdered by means of carbon monoxide along with 134 other persons of Jewish descent (see corresponding entries).
Maria Neukorn, the fourth of the Neukorn sisters, had married the shoemaker Moses Rosenblatt in 1908 and had fled with him and the children Irmgard and Walter to Palestine in 1935.
The Stolperstein for Carolina Falck lies next to that of her sister Esther Neukorn at Herrengraben 4 in Hamburg-Neustadt. Today, the Catholic Academy is located there.
Translator: Erwin Fink
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
Stand: December 2020
© Ingo Wille
Quellen:1; 4; 5; 6;332-5 Standesämter 69 Sterberegister Nr. 1811/1879 Neukorn Anna, 535 Sterberegister Nr. 720/1904 Neukorn Salomon, 1907 Geburtsregister Nr. 2476/1877 Falck Julius, 1909 Geburtsregister Nr. 3035/1877 Neukorn Anna, 1954 Geburtsregister Nr. 2234/1879 Neukorn Carolina, 2008 Geburtsregister Nr. 4929/1881 Neukorn Maria, 2125 Geburtsregister Nr. 1424/1886 Esther Neukorn, 2943 Heiratsregister Nr. 265/1900 Neukorn Salomon/Spitzel Beila, 3087 Heiratsregister Nr. 372/1990 Falck Julius/Neukorn Carolina, 8137 Sterberegister Nr. 130/1936 Julius Falck.
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