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St. Georgshof, Spaldingstraße 160
© Stadtteilarchiv Hamm

Erwin Feder * 1910

Hammer Landstraße 48 - 50 (Hamburg-Mitte, Hamm)

1942 Auschwitz
ermordet 21.01.1943
1938 Zuchthaus Bremen-Oslebshausen
1942 Zuchthaus Fuhlsbüttel

Erwin Feder, born 18 July 1910, deported to Auschwitz 10 Dec. 1942, date of death at Auschwitz 21 Jan. 1943

Hammer Landstraße / Ebelingplatz

At the time of his sentencing to 15 years in prison, Erwin Feder was the purchasing agent at his parent’s company. His parents, Karl Leon (*11 Aug. 1882) and Melane, née Victor (*8 Sep. 1886), were Austrian Jews. Together with a cousin, Heinrich Feder, also from Vienna, who functioned as a silent partner, they built the men’s underwear factory Wegner & Co at Spaldingstraße 160, on the premises of the former Wolff cigar factory.

Erwin Feder was born on 18 April 1910 in Hamburg. He married Ilse Kunodi (*2 July 1915 in Hamburg). She brought 17,000.00 Reichsmarks into the marriage, which was used to expand the family business. The company suffered a large downturn in 1933/34, but recovered. In 1934, Erwin and Ilse Feder became members of the Jewish Community. They had no children.

Erwin Feder’s parents emigrated to Brazil in September 1936. Karl Feder had business contacts there, with whom he hoped to open up a new market for his company. Exports remained minimal, however. Erwin replaced his father as purchasing agent. In 1938 he was accused of "racial defilement” and found guilty. His wife divorced him and demanded the return of the capital that had been invested in the company. In May 1939, she was taken into "protective custody” for unknown reasons and sent to the Ravensbrück Women’s Concentration Camp, but was released six weeks later on 27 June 1939. She had been given approval to emigrate to Shanghai, but in fact she traveled via Southhampton to New York. The cousin Heinrich Feder and his wife emigrated to Shanghai.

Erwin Feder was transferred in 1942 from the Oslebshausen Prison to the Fuhlsbüttel Prison, and from there was sent to the Fuhlsbüttel Concentration Camp. A decree by the Reich Main Security Administration required that, as of October 1942, all "full Jews” and "half-breeds” were to be transferred from prisons in the German Reich to Auschwitz, where most of them were murdered. Erwin Feder was transferred from the Fuhlsbüttel Concentration Camp to Auschwitz on 10 December 1942. His date of death, 21 January 1943, is listed on page 3148 of the register at Auschwitz.

Translator: Amy Lee

Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.

© Hildegard Thevs

Quellen: 1; 2 R 1938/853; 4; 5; StaH, 522-1, Jüdische Gemeinden, o. Sign. Mitgliederzählung der DGH 1928; 390 Wählerverzeichnis 1930; 391 Mitgliederliste 1935; BA Bln., Volkszählung 1939.

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