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Siegmund Falkenthal * 1877

Ilandkoppel 68 (Hamburg-Nord, Ohlsdorf)

1942 Auschwitz

further stumbling stones in Ilandkoppel 68:
Lisa Menco, Manfred Menco, Reha Menco, Rolf Menco

Siegmund Falkenthal, born on 1.2.1877 in Gadebusch, deported to Auschwitz on 11.7.1942 and murdered

Ilandkoppel 68 (formerly Ihlandstraße)

On February 1, 1877, the youngest son of Paulina and Wolf Falkenthal was born in Gadebusch, in the house of his parents, Steinstraße 42. Only one month later his parents registered the first name Siegmund for him. His mother Pauline, née Rosenbaum (born 18.11.1840 in Sternberg), was 36 years old, his father Wolf Falkenthal (born 27.3.1827) almost 50 years old. He came from Gadebusch and was active there as an independent merchant. In his birthplace Siegmund had three older siblings also born there, the almost 15 year old brother Hermann (born 6.2.1862), the 12 year old Julie (born 23.8.1864) and the 3 year old Rosa, called Röschen (born 30.12.1873).

The family name Falkenthal had originated in Gadebusch in 1813. Only with the equality of the Jews in Mecklenburg and the associated obligation to adopt hereditary family names for Jewish fellow citizens, Hirsch Wulff in Gadebusch, an ancestor of Siegmund, had chosen the family name Falkenthal. The progressive law did not last long; it was repealed in September 1817. However, the family name Falkenthal remained in Gadebusch.

When Siegmund was seven years old, a member of the Falkenthal family became Schützenkönig in Gadebusch. Whether it was his father is not known.

In Gadebusch, on April 5, 1895, Siegmund's sister Röschen Falkenthal, at the age of 21, married the 34-year-old merchant Gabriel Rosenbaum (born 15.7.1860 in Sternberg), who was a resident of Hamburg. Together with his brother Siegmund Rosenbaum, he owned the paper goods factory Gebr. Rosenbaum, which was founded there on January 4, 1892. After their marriage, the young couple lived in Hamburg's Neustadt, Großneumarkt 19, 2nd floor. On February 14, 1896, their first child, their daughter Mathilde, was born there.

Siegmund Falkenthal had also come to Hamburg. At the beginning of 1897 he had to undergo a military examination. The military record shows that at the age of 20 he was 1.60 m tall, weighed 50 kg and worked as a confectioner. He was assigned to the Landsturm. On May 24 of the same year he reported to Gadebusch. At his request, he was transferred to Grevesmühlen five days later and returned to Hamburg in June 1897. On January 27, 1898, his sister Röschen Rosenbaum gave birth to their second child, their son Kurt, in their apartment in Hamburg's Neustadt.

When a census was taken in the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin on December 1, 1900, according to the census list, Siegmund Falkenthal's birthplace was home to his parents, his older siblings Julie and Hermann, and the maid Anna Maack. Hermann Falkenthal ran an independent agency.

Hans, the third child of Röschen and Gabriel Rosenbaum, was born in Hamburg on June 21, 1901. At the end of June 1905, the mother Pauline Falkenthal, née Rosenbaum, came from Gadebusch to visit Hamburg for six weeks and lived with the family of her daughter Röschen Rosenbaum, at that time at Enckeplatz 4, 3rd floor.

Two years later Siegmund Falkenthal's parents died, his mother on March 30, 1907 in Gadebusch, his father on November 20, 1907 in Schwerin.

Siegmund Falkenthal's older sister Julie Falkenthal, who worked as a "Stütze" (domestic servant), came to Hamburg intermittently during the war years of 1915 and 1918 to visit her sister Röschen Rosenbaum at Grindelhof 47, 3rd floor, no doubt to support her. She stayed for a while and then went back to Gadebusch.
Siegmund Falkenthal served as a soldier in the First World War, became an English prisoner of war and was interned on the Isle of Man from 1914. He did not return to Hamburg until January 31, 1919.

At the beginning of January 1920, Roeschen's son Kurt Rosenbaum joined his father's company as a partner. We owe a description of the family members to the passport records of August 1921: Röschen and Gabriel Rosenbaum "lower middle" in height, their children Mathilde and Kurt of medium height, all had brown eyes and dark brown hair, except for Gabriel Rosenbaum, who was already grayish.

Kurt Rosenbaum married Mary Louise, née Frank (born 5.3.1902 in Potsdam), that year and lived with her in Hamburg-Eppendorf, Loogeplatz 5. They had two children: Mirjam (born 23.12.1921) and Klaus Peter (born 19.8.1925). Mirjam attended the Dr. Löwenberg School at the age of five and participated in religious instruction at the German-Israelite Community. The younger son Klaus Peter was born in Hamburg, like his sister.

Röschen Rosenbaum and her husband moved with daughter Mathilde, who was a music student at the time, in 1927 from Grindelhof, where they had lived for 17 years, to Sierichstraße 32, where Röschen Rosenbaum's husband Gabriel Rosenbaum died a year later, on July 6, 1928, shortly before his 68th birthday. He was laid to rest in the Ilandkoppel Ohlsdorf Jewish Cemetery, grave location S 4-116.

Now his son Kurt continued to run the paper goods and envelope factory at Lorenzstraße 14/16 on his own, because his uncle Siegmund Rosenbaum had already left the company "Gebr. Rosenbaum" on September 1, 1923.

The younger son Hans Rosenbaum (for his biography, see had meanwhile completed his medical studies and received his license to practice medicine in 1926. From 1925 to 1929, he worked as a doctor in various Berlin hospitals, most recently in the Moabit Hospital. He then opened a practice in Hamburg at Hanssenweg 15 as a specialist in pediatric diseases.

Siegmund Falkenthal got into economic difficulties at the end of the 1920s because he could no longer practice his profession as a confectioner. In December 1929, at the age of 53, he became unemployed and had to rely on welfare assistance. During his unemployment, however, he did not remain idle, and in addition to his "support work" in the port of Hamburg, which was prescribed by welfare, he developed new ideas and procedures to promote the cultivation of soybeans in Germany. He cherished the hope that the Reichsernährungsamt would be interested in his work and that he would then be able to make a living on his own again. His hopes were not fulfilled. He had to continue working in the port of Hamburg, in Waltershof.

In the welfare files on September 28, 1931, it is recorded: "F. did not comply with my request that he stay in the house until noon today." The landlady Mrs. Meyn, Fettstraße 29, 3rd floor, had explained that Siegmund Falkenthal was in his allotment garden "and therefore he could not stay in the house". In December 1933, Siegmund Falkenthal applied to the Winterhilfswerk for coal and food and to the welfare office for "1 wool vest, since I always suffer from rheumatism in winter, which I got in captivity." His frequent change of residence was due to the necessity of having to find cheaper and cheaper housing for subletting. For a while he lived with the innkeeper G. Kugler at Rothenbaumchaussee 107. In November 1934 he moved as a subtenant to Patzenhauer at Bundesweg 6, 2nd floor, and a year later together with his landlord to Kleinen Schäferkamp 21, 2nd floor, where he had to pay 5,- RM rent. Siegmund Falkenthal is registered in the tax card file (Kultussteuerkartei) of the German-Israelite Community since 1935. After a health examination, which revealed a moderately severe heart muscle disease and a hernia, he was committed to light labor in Waltershof.

Siegmund Falkenthal had not yet given up hope of being able to realize his ideas on soybean cultivation, as the following typewritten letter of March 2, 1936, to the Welfare Office 13 indicates:

"For about 14 days I have been employed by the Welfare Office in Waltershof. I have, of course, promptly fulfilled my obligation in this regard up to now. Today I am requesting to be released from this work while continuing to receive my support. I take the liberty of stating the following reasons: I have found a process by which the cultivation of soybeans in Germany can be extraordinarily promoted. The Reichsnährstand has shown great interest in this process. Negotiations with the administrative office of the Reichsbauernführer are about to be concluded. As soon as these negotiations have been concluded, I will have sufficient means to support myself. Since I must now continue to work on my case, I ask, especially since this is a matter of extraordinary national economic importance, that I be released from my work in Waltershof until further notice and that I continue to receive support until I am paid the funds promised to me by a high Reich office.

I request that the correctness of my statements be verified, namely
1. the Reichsnährstand, the Reichsbauernführer, Administrative Office, file number C.4/4798/35
2. the Institute for Plant Production and Plant Breeding of the University of Giessen, file number 1484/35 S/Ps.
3. furthermore, Dr. Plaut of the German-Israelite Community has been informed about the proceedings and the status of the negotiations; he has agreed to provide information to authorities at any time.
S. Falkenthal."

Furthermore, Siegmund Falkenthal submitted a certificate from the University of Giessen, which proved that he had been to Giessen to inspect soybean plantations and to consult with Prof. Sessous. The expenses of the trip had been paid by his employee Nachum, Grindelberg 3a. On September 26, 1936, representatives of the German Potash Syndicate would come to Hamburg to view the soybean plantings on the trial field in Sasel; in his opinion, his planting trials had turned out better than those in Gießen.
Siegmund Falkenthal's hopes were not fulfilled. He had to continue working in Waltershof. In June 1937, he moved into Rutschbahn 33b as a subtenant, where the rent was RM 3.50 per month.

Siegmund Falkenthal's nephew Hans Rosenbaum had moved his pediatric practice to Semperstraße 56. Although his license to practice was revoked in 1933, like that of all Jewish doctors, he tried to continue his practice, in 1934 at Billhorner Röhrendamm 78 and in 1935 at Faaßweg 3. In the meantime, his mother and presumably his sister Mathilde had moved in with him. Mathilde had received a trade license on September 3, 1932 to practice as a "private teacher with the exclusion of professional training". In 1937/38 they lived together at Buchenstraße 12 and, after Hans Rosenbaum's license to practice medicine had been revoked on September 30, 1938 - as was the case with almost all Jewish doctors - they sublet from Nussbaum at Opitzstraße 2.

In order to escape persecution by the National Socialist rulers, Röschen Rosenbaum's older son Kurt Rosenbaum had already emigrated to Amsterdam on July 15, 1933 with his wife Mary Louise and their children Klaus Peter and Mirjam. There he had tried to build up a new existence. He succeeded in opening a business similar to the one in Hamburg under the name "Papier-Unie" N.V. Amsterdam. With his invention of a model automatic machine in 1938, his company became known among experts. His son Klaus Peter was also able to integrate well into the new environment. In Hamburg, he had only been able to complete one grade at the progressive Bertram School and had then gone to the Nikolas Maes Straat elementary school in Amsterdam for five years. In September 1938, he transferred to the higher middle school Pieter Lodewyck Tackstraat.

Röschen Rosenbaum decided to follow her family to Holland. On February 14, 1939, she managed to escape. As of August 22, 1939, she was registered in Amsterdam, Prinsengracht 1023, where she lived with the family of her son Kurt, who had already been registered there since May 11, 1939, with an apartment and office. The commercial register entry of Kurt Rosenbaum's company in Hamburg expired on December 6, 1939.

The daughter Mathilde Rosenbaum also intended to emigrate. In February 1939, she had been issued a certificate of no objection in Hamburg and also went to the Netherlands in August of that year. However, she did not register as a resident of Amsterdam or later in the card index of the Jewish Council. Presumably she fled to England.

Siegmund Falkenthal had also wanted to emigrate. In his welfare file of July 14, 1939, it is noted: "F. applies for exemption for 8 days to take his exams; F. will emigrate to Australia." But the beginning of the war in September 1939 prevented this. From March 1940 he was employed by the Jewish Community of Hamburg as a "garden worker" at the Ohlsdorf Jewish Cemetery. He occupied the small apartment in the building of the Abdankhalle (funeral home) together with the Menco family. Together with Manfred Menco he took over the work of the emigrated former cemetery caretaker Max Reich, who had previously looked after the Ilandkoppel Jewish Cemetery for 20 years. (Max Reich (born 8.3.1899 in Hamburg) had escaped to New York in time with his wife Erna, née Levy (born 18.7.1899 in Hamburg), and his six-year-old daughter Hilda (born 3.9.1932 in Hamburg).

Siegmund Falkenthal probably took charge of the arrangements for the funeral of his grandcousin's widow, Auguste Rosenbaum, née Liebmann (born 26.9.1855 in Penzlin). She had moved to Hamburg after the death of her husband Louis Rosenbaum (born 30.1.1850 in Sternberg, died 5.4.1926). Musically trained in opera singing and piano playing, she had given music lessons to pupils in Sternberg in addition to teaching her children, and then in Hamburg she certainly also promoted the education of her granddaughter Mathilde Rosenbaum. She had died on April 6, 1940 in the so-called "Judenhaus" the Jewish old people's home, Schäferkampsallee 29, and was buried in the Jewish cemetery Ilandkoppel, grave location I 1, No. 244, near her predeceased brother-in-law Siegmund Rosenbaum.

On May 28, 1941, Siegmund Falkenthal reserved grave O 3, No. 441 at the Jewish Cemetery Ohlsdorf for himself and received permission to place a memorial stone there for his sister Julie Falkenthal, who was buried in "Lublin". The inscription read: "In memory of our dear sister Julie Falkenthal b. Aug. 23, 1864 - 5624 Gadebusch dece. July 14, 1940 - 5700 in Lublin". Julie Falkenthal had last lived in Stettin and was a victim of one of the early deportations that had already taken place from various areas of the German Reich before the mass deportations began in October 1941. She was deported from Stettin to the Glusk ghetto on February 12, 1940, and murdered on July 14, 1940. She was 75 years old.

With the grave reservation Siegmund Falkenthal signed a "cremation waiver" on July 8, 1941; i.e. he thereby determined to be buried according to Jewish custom and not cremated.

After working at the cemetery for two years, he received the deportation order. On July 11, 1942, he was deported to Auschwitz and murdered; Siegmund Falkenthal was 65 years old. A Stolperstein in front of the Jewish Cemetery Ilandkoppel 68 in Ohlsdorf commemorates him.

The further fate of the family members
Röschen Rosenbaum, her children and grandchildren experienced a fearful time when the German Wehrmacht invaded the Netherlands on May 10, 1940. Then, on the morning of May 14, 1940, when they heard the news on the radio that Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands had left the country and fled to England, Kurt Rosenbaum decided to get the car out of the garage and drive, fully loaded, with nine people to the coast near Zandvoort. They wanted to escape across the sea, but far and wide there was no ship to be seen. They stayed one night with helpful Dutch people in Zandvoort. Desperate, they drove back to Amsterdam the next morning past burning gasoline tanks.

The following year, in July 1941, Röschen Rosenbaum's grandson Klaus Peter had to leave school because he was Jewish. His father hired two private tutors for him, from one of whom he received language lessons for about a year, and from the other lessons in mathematics, physics and chemistry.

Röschen Rosenbaum still had a grace period, during which she was able to see her granddaughter Mirjam Rosenbaum marry Bernard Davids (born 12.9.1907), a salesman born there, in a small synagogue in Amsterdam on December 18, 1941. He was said to be well received in her family. The young couple lived in the apartment President Steynplantsoen 9. They had a large circle of friends, both belonging to the rowing club.

Röschen Rosenbaum was registered at "various addresses" in Amsterdam during this time, and her son and family officially lived at Prinsengracht 1023 until May 26, 1942. Kurt Rosenbaum had rented this house to his Dutch business partner W. van Holthuizen, director of his company. With his help and under his name, he had already been able to move his business to safety in 1940.

With the beginning of intensified searches for Jews in mid-July 1942 by SS commandos and the Gestapo, the family went underground. Röschen Rosenbaum had only narrowly escaped a raid on her ground-floor apartment in the Amstellaan. All her flatmates were arrested, only she was able to escape and hide in the "Tuinhuisje", garden house, crammed into a large suitcase under a feather bed. She then went into hiding with her children.

Klaus Peter, Kurt and Mary Louise Rosenbaum were registered with the police at Eemsstraat 17, but they were staying at Prinsengracht 1023. In case of danger, they took refuge in a self-made hiding place between two roofs in Prinsengracht. Neither by day nor by night did they leave the house. Kurt Rosenbaum had previously accumulated food; a non-Jewish Dutch friend who officially lived there brought them food from time to time and warned them in case of danger. They lived in constant fear; every ring of the doorbell frightened them. On October 5, 1942, the Gestapo stormed the house. In time, they were able to escape to their hiding place via the attic of their neighbor's house.

In the meantime, Mirjam and Bernard were also no longer living in their apartment. Under the name of a non-Jewish friend, they were able to find shelter at Uithornstraat 45. A few days later they fled Amsterdam, their destination Switzerland.

On November 1, 1942, in the evening at 10 o'clock with curfew for Jews, Klaus Peter, Kurt and Mary Louise Rosenbaum also left their home in Amsterdam. The next morning, hiding in a narrow box under a train, they, like Mirjam and Bernard, tried to escape to Switzerland via Belgium and France. An enthusiastic letter from Mirjam, who had already arrived in Paris with her husband, had prompted them to take this step.

But the escape was not under a good star. The very next day around noon, the Gestapo arrested them shortly after the border in Feignies near Maubeuge in the Vosges, France. After a night in the homeless asylum in Maubeuge, they were taken back to Belgium on November 3, 1942 and interned in the Dossin barracks in the SS collective camp in Mechelen near Brussels. An impressive account of their escape and internment has been preserved in a letter dated April 22, 1945 from Kurt Rosenbaum to his sister Mathilde Rosenbaum (in part, the dates from the Dutch and Belgian archives do not match Kurt Rosenbaum's life account).

Röschen Rosenbaum's granddaughter Mirjam Davids and her husband Bernard Davids were also captured in Paris between October 24 and 31, 1942, and interned in the Drancy camp near Paris. A handwritten letter from Mirjam Davids dated October 31, 1942 from the internment camp Camp de Drancy, Escalier 7, Chambre 5, Drancy - Seine, to her friend Jo Kuypers in Amsterdam, Sarphatipark 30, 3rd Stck, bears witness to her situation. She was only allowed to write the letter in French. She asked for food, butter, bread, jam, sugar cubes, sweets, vitamins, soap and a pack of cigarettes. Each person could receive a package of up to three kilos a week with only food, no clothes. She continues: "We are together and hope to stay in France without being deported. What makes us happy in our situation is that we met some other people from Holland with whom we are often together. In our not big room upstairs we live with about 100 people.
Kind regards Mirjam Bernard"

Six days later, on November 6, 1942, both were deported to Auschwitz on Convoy No. 42 and murdered. Bernard Davids was 35 years old and Mirjam Davids, née Rosenbaum, was 20 years old. Stolpersteine in Amsterdam, President Steynplantsoen 9, are there to commemorate them.

A last card written in French from Mirjam to her family, dated November 5, 1942, one day before her deportation, has been preserved:
"Dear family, now is the departure to unknown destination. We have good courage and some very pleasant traveling companions. Do not worry, we hope to hold out well.
Greetings and many hugs Mia Bernard"

Röschen Rosenbaum, who did not want to undertake such a punishing escape, remained in Amsterdam in hiding together with a woman friend, Edith Gumpertz, née Isaak, from Duisburg, who had been a widow since 1939. It stands to reason that Röschen Rosenbaum had learned about the letter and the last card of her granddaughter, also that she knew about the fate of Bernard Davids' father, the diamond merchant David Davids (born 23.3.1871 in Amsterdam). He is said to have succumbed to a heart attack on November 11, 1942, five days after the deportation of his son and daughter-in-law Mirjam, in his apartment, Nieuwe Achterngracht 103, I., when arrested by the Gestapo. He was 71 years old.

Röschen Rosenbaum remained in contact with her son Kurt. As late as January 1943, she wrote to him in the Mechelen camp that his daughter Mirjam and her husband had been deported from the Drancy collection camp near Paris to Poland.

On April 19, 1943, Röschen Rosenbaum officially moved to Roerstraat 15 I. The following month, on May 25, 1943, she was taken to the transit camp Westerbork and on the same day deported to the extermination camp Sobibor. In the Amsterdam death registers, her date of death in Sobibor is recorded as May 28, 1943. It is assumed that Röschen Rosenbaum was murdered there three days later, immediately after her arrival. She was in her 70th year. A stumbling stone in Hamburg, Grindelhof 45, commemorates her (biography see

The son Hans Rosenbaum, who remained in Hamburg, fell into the clutches of the Gestapo after the beginning of the war. At the Heimerdinger delicates shop, he had made critical remarks about the course of the war and was denounced by the goods packer Ms. Schulz. On November 10, 1939, he was sentenced to two years in prison "for insidiousness" and three days later was imprisoned in the Fuhlsbüttel police prison until November 10, 1941. He then stayed in the Jewish Hospital in Johnsallee. On July 15, 1942, he received the deportation order to the Theresienstadt ghetto. Together with him, his uncle Arnold Rosenbaum (born 4.9.1858 in Sternberg), his father's older brother and Siegmund Falkenthal's great cousin, was deported.

As the last Jewish merchant in Sternberg, Arnold Rosenbaum had had to leave his hometown in 1940 with his twin brother Siegmund Rosenbaum, who had also remained single, and had moved to Hamburg to the retirement home of the Jewish Community, Beneckestraße 6. Siegmund Rosenbaum died shortly thereafter on January 29, 1940 in the Israelite Hospital and, like his brother Gabriel Rosenbaum, was buried in the Jewish Cemetery Ilandkoppel, grave location I 1, No. 77. After three weeks in the Theresienstadt ghetto, Arnold Rosenbaum died on August 5, 1942 at the age of 83. A stumbling stone commemorates him on the campus of the University of Hamburg (formerly street Beneckestraße 6).

Hans Rosenbaum was deported on to Auschwitz and murdered on May 16, 1944; he was 42 years old. A stumbling stone at Johnsallee 68 commemorates him (for biography see

Siegmund Falkenthal's older brother Hermann Falkenthal was deported from Berlin to the Theresienstadt ghetto on August 17, 1942, transported on to Treblinka on September 19, 1942, and murdered. He was 79 years old.

In Mechelen, in the Dossin barracks, Kurt and Mary Louise Rosenbaum and their son Klaus Peter were initially scheduled for deportation XVII/30-31-32, presumably to Drancy. But then they were assigned to a labor detachment. On January 27, 1943, their names are listed on a Werkleute list (list of workers) under the numbers W/109-110-111, and on April 29, 1943, they are registered on another Werkleute list under the numbers W/57-58-59. They were thus lucky to escape deportation. The 17-year-old Klaus Peter Rosenbaum was treated in the Mechelen hospital from December 24, 1942 to January 7, 1943.

Kurt, Mary Louise and Klaus Peter Rosenbaum survived in the Dossin barracks as forced laborers. They were liberated by British and Canadian soldiers on September 4, 1944. In a post-war list of the "Ministère de la Santé Publique et de la Famille, Bruxelles" of detainees of the Malines camp and in the list of survivors "Jews in Belgium" of the "Central Registration Bureau, Eindhoven, Holland", they are listed on August 17, 1945. In 1946 they were living in Brussels at 76 Square Marie-Louise.

According to the Dutch registration registers, the Rosenbaum couple is said to have returned to Germany on November 12, 1947. They could not be found in the Hamburg population registers.

According to Brussels archive records, they were not allowed to settle in Belgium. Kurt and Mary Louise Rosenbaum emigrated with their son Klaus Peter from there to the United States, New York, on March 15, 1949. They obtained American citizenship and took the family name Robins. Klaus Peter Robins served ten and a half months in the Army.

Kurt, now Sam Robins, passed away at the age of 58 on February 11, 1957 in Mount Vernon, New York. His wife, Mary Louise, now Anja Manuela Robins, lived to be 69; she died in White Plains, New York, in April 1972. Roeschen's grandson, Klaus Peter Robins, died Sept. 24, 1994, in Valhalla, Westchester, New York County, at age 69.

Siegmund Falkenthal's niece Mathilde Rosenbaum survived and resided in England after the war. In a "List of persons resident in England" by the Association of Jewish Refugees, the date 28 June 1945 is handwritten for her.

Translation Beate Meyer

Stand: March 2023
© Margot Löhr

Quellen: 1; 4; 8; StaH, 231-3, Handelsregister A 13 Bd. 15 Nr. G 28379; StaH, 231-7 Handelsregister, A 1 Bd 28, Nr. 7075 Gebr. Rosenbaum; StaH, 242-1 II Gefängnisverwaltung II, Abl. 16 Untersuchungshaftkartei Männer, 741-4 Fotoarchiv A 260; StaH, 314-15 Oberfinanzpräsident, R 1941/200 Anträge Warburg Röschen Rosenbaum; StaH, 332-5 Standesämter, Geburtsregister, 2400 u. 600/1896 Mathilde Rosenbaum, 2464 u. 206/1898 Kurt Rosenbaum, 13616 u. 1518/1901 Hans Rosenbaum; StaH, 332-5 Standesämter, Sterberegister, 9833 u. 1456/1928 Gabriel Rosenbaum, 8168 u. 76/1940 Siegmund Rosenbaum; StaH, 332-7 Staatsangehörigkeit, B III Nr, 83396 Gabriel Rosenbaum, B III Nr. 84525 Siegmund Rosenbaum; StaH, 332-8 Meldewesen, A 24, Bd. 251 Nr. 20615/1921 Mathilde Rosenbaum, A 24 Bd. 251 Nr. 20616/1921 Gabriel Rosenbaum, A 24 Bd. 251 Nr. 20617/1921 Kurt Rosenbaum, A 24 Bd. 366 Nr. 15051 Mathilde Rosenbaum; StaH, 351-11 Amt für Wiedergutmachung, 21250 Sam Kurt Robins, 25676 Kurt Rosenbaum/Anja Robins, 46607 Werner Rosenbaum, 47598 Klaus-Peter Robins; StaH, 342-2 Militär-Ersatzbehörden, Nr. 88 Bd. 1 Siegmund Falkenthal; StaH, 351-14 Arbeits- u. Sozialfürsorge, 1138 Siegmund Falkenthal; StaH, 352-3, Medizinalkollegium IV C 120 Hans Rosenbaum; StaH, 352-5 Todesbescheinigungen, 1940 Sta 2 Nr. 76 Siegmund Rosenbaum; StaH, 352-13 Ärztekammer Hamburg, 15 Karteikarten Jüdische Ärzte M–Z; StaH, 741-4 Fotoarchiv, Alphabetische Meldekartei K 6057, Sa 1091 Jüdische Gemeinden 540c Listen jüdischer Schüler an staatlichen und privaten Schulanstalten; Berliner Adressbücher 1924–1943; Hamburger Adressbücher 1895–1943; Ohlsdorf 1922–1930, 1931–1939, 1941, S 4-116, I 1-77, O 3-441, Datenbankprojekt des Eduard-Duckesz-Fellow und der Hamburger Gesellschaft für jüdische Genealogie, http://jü, eingesehen am: 18.3.2022; Auskünfte Frank Caestecker, Universität Gent; Auskünfte, Martin Kriwet, International Tracing Service Archives, Bad Arolsen; Auskünfte José Martin, Herinneringscentrum Kamp Westerbork; Auskünfte Kornelia Neuhaus-Kühne, Stadtarchiv Gadebusch, Fotos Geburtshaus Steinstraße, Standesamt Gadebusch, Geburtsurkunde Nr. 10/1877; Auskünfte Dr. Laurence Schram, Dokumentationszentrum Kazerne Dossin, Dokumente des Ministère du Rapatriement et de la Reconstruction, Davids Bernard – 1538-1, -1v, -2; Auskünfte und Dokumente Sylvie Vander Elst, SPF Sécurité Sociale – DG Victimes de Guerre, Service Archives et Documentation, Rosenbaum, Mirjam SDR 267312.pdf, 7015-1,-1v,-2.jpg, Davids, Bernard 301485-tr1-r, tr1-v, tr2-r.jpg, Frank, Marie-Louise, SDR 270208.pdf, 108582-ad-r.jpg, -aivg-r.jpg, -fc1-r.jpg, -fc2-r.jpg, -fc3-r.jpg, -fc3-v.jpg, -fc4-r.jpg, -fc4-v.jpg, -fc5-r.jpg, -fc6-r.jpg, -fc6-v.jpg, -fc7-r.jpg, -tr1-r.jpg, -tr1-v.jpg, Rosenbaum, Klara, 127456-tr1-r.jpg, Rosenbaum, Kurt, SDR 236871.pdf, 127457-ad-r.jpg, -aivg-r.jpg, -ban1-r.jpg, -fc1-r.jpg, -fc2-r.jpg, -fc3-r.jpg, -fc3-v.jpg, -fc4-r.jpg, -fc5-r.jpg, -sd1-r.jpg, -tr1-r.jpg, -tr1-v.jpg, Rosenbaum, Peter Klaus, SDR alpha.pdf, 127465-ad-r.jpg, -tr1-r.jpg; ITS Archives, Digital Archives Bad Arolsen, List ofpersons resident in England,, 78807752/IST, Deportationsliste Lager Westerbork,, 5146557/IST, Nachkriegsaufstellung von Inhaftierten im Lager Malines,, 1275744/ITS Digital Archives Bad Arolsen, Liste jüdischer Personen in Belgien,,78793135/, Karteikarte Holland Kriegszeitkartei der Juden,, Doc. No. 11182175#1 ( in conformity with the ITS Archives, Doc. No. 12710635#1 ( in conformity with the Lager Westerbork, Doc. No. 87401078#1 ( in conformity with the IST Archives, Doc. No. 78773055#1 ( in conformity with the IST Archives, List ofpersons resident in England,, 78807752/ITS, Nachkriegsaufstellung von Inhaftierten im Lager Malines,, 1275744/ITS; Norbert Francke/Bärbel Krieger: Die Familiennamen der Juden in Mecklenburg. Mehr als 2000 jüdische Familien aus 53 Orten der Herzogtümer Mecklenburg-Schwerin und Mecklenburg-Strelitz im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert (Schriften des Vereins für Geschichte und Kultur in Mecklenburg und Vorpommern e. V., Bd. 2), Schwerin 2001; Jürgen Gramenz/Sylvia Ulmer: Die Jüdische Geschichte der Stadt Sternberg, Hamburg 2015; Angelika Königseder: Polizeihaftlager, in: Wolfgang Benz/Barbara Distel (Hrsg.): Der Ort des Terrors. Geschichte der nationalsozialistischen Konzentrationslager, Bd. 9: Arbeitserziehungslager, Ghettos, Jugendschutzlager, Polizeihaftlager, Sonderlager, Zigeunerlager, Zwangsarbeiterlager, München 2009, S. 19–52, hier S. 35; Beate Meyer: Biographie zum Stolperstein von Dr. Hans Rosenbaum in der Johnsallee 68,, eingesehen 18.3.2022; Jürgen Sielemann: Der Zielort des Hamburger Deportationstransports vom 11. Juli 1942, in: Zeitschrift des Vereins für Hamburgische Geschichte 95 (2009), S. 91–110. Vielen Dank an Jane Berger!
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