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Ellen Glück * 1924
Buceriusstraße 2 (Hamburg-Mitte, Hamburg-Altstadt)
Ellen Glück, born 19.4.1924 in Hamburg, deported on 19.7.1942 to Theresienstadt, further deported on 6.10.1944 to Auschwitz
Buceriusstraße 2/corner of Schopenstehl (Schopenstehl 1-3)
The mother of Ellen Glück and her one year younger brother Peter Horst Glück, who was born on November 14, 1925, was Erna Bogisch, née Glück. She was not yet married when her children were born in Hamburg, and so Ellen and Peter had been given their mother's birth name, Glück.
Erna Bogisch had been born in Berlin on March 9, 1898, she was the second of three daughters of the merchant Sally Glück and his wife Fanny, née Czeschlak (born Nov. 7, 1875 in Kieferstädtel/ Oberschlesien today Sośnicowice/ Poland). Her parents had divorced after a few years. In her second marriage, Fanny Glück had married the business traveler and later managing director Abraham Josef Littmann (born November 17, 1869 in Brody/Galicia today Ukraine) on August 7, 1901 in Berlin and had followed him to Altona nearby Hamburg, where Erna and her two sisters Marie (born January 16, 1896) and Josephine/ Josefine (born April 15, 1899) grew up with four half-siblings.
When Erna married Fritz August Bogisch (born 6.3.1898 in Schermen), a locksmith of the same age, on June 25, 1931, who worked for the German Railway (Reichs- und Hochbahn), Ellen and Peter kept the name Glück. The Bogisch couple lived in Hamburg at Margaretenstraße 34 in the neighourbood Eimsbüttel. Since 1937, the Hamburg address book listed Fritz Bogisch with the job title of a heater in the old town at Schopenstehl 1/3, where a post-war building now stands.
Ellen had worked in the Jewish Hospital at Johnsallee 54, where she also received accommodation as a student nurse. Her brother Peter completed an apprenticeship in the locksmith's workshop at Weidenallee 8-10, which was maintained by the Jewish community.
Erna Bogisch lived with her non-Jewish husband in a so-called mixed marriage, so she was initially protected from deportation to the East. However, the status of her "mixed marriage" did not protect her children. Ellen and Peter were deported to Theresienstadt on July 19, 1942. At the time of his deportation, Peter was registered at Kielortallee 24 with Cohn in a so-called Jewish house (Judenhaus).
In Theresienstadt there was mail traffic, albeit censored. It was permitted to send messages to relatives or acquaintances. Receiving food parcels increased the chances of survival in the ghetto.
A postcard from the Theresienstadt ghetto addressed to Fritz Katz, an employee of the former Jewish community, with the return address Bahnhofstraße 8 reached Dillstraße in Hamburg in September 1944: "I am very surprised that I have not heard anything from the community in Hamburg for so long. So I have already been completely forgotten. I worked at Grünenstraße 5, 3 years, lastly I was in the Jewish hospital. I live here with Sch.[wester] Henny Rosenstein, there are nine of us, there are several other children with us, and she takes care of us as a mother could not do better, as does her husband. Many heartfelt greetings to you and all acquaintances in the Jewish hospital. Ellen."
The nurse Henny/ Hertha Rosenstein, divorced Lindenborn, née Klyszcz (born 22.11.1902 in Beuthen) mentioned by Ellen, her husband Oskar Rosenstein (born 16.10.1897 in Pinneberg) and Henny's daughter Lilli Lindenborn (born 18.7.1928) had been deported to the ghetto together with Ellen and Peter Glück. The Rosenstein couple had only married on May 3, 1940. Their last Hamburg address was Bundesstraße 43 in the Warburg-Stift.
A card from Peter Glück with the postmark of August 3, 1943, addressed to Fanny David, Beneckestraße 2, never reached the head of the welfare department of the former Jewish community because she had been deported to Theresienstadt on June 23, 1943, along with the last employees of the Northwest Germany district office of the Reich Association of Jews in Germany, i.e. the former Jewish community (about Fanny David, who was later murdered in Auschwitz, see Stolpersteine in Hamburg-Eppendorf and Hamburg-Hoheluft-Ost, www.stolpersteine-hamburg.de).
Peter had written on June 15, 1943: "Dear Miss David. I have read your dear card to Sister Henny, who is also our guardian. Thank you very much for it. We are very surprised that our parents have not heard from us yet, although they have known our address since November. My sister Ellen and I were sick for a long time, but are now back home. We just needed a lot of rebuilding. I work in the nursery, Ellen as a nurse. We thank you very much for the packages of 3.6. which we received yesterday. We send our regards to our cousin Max Lefebre and ask him to tell our parents that the grandparents are here with us and healthy. Let's hear from you quite soon. The mail works well. Best regards to all, Yours, Peter Glück." (There is a stumbling stone for Max Lefébre (b. Aug. 4, 1898) at 126 Marienthaler Straße; it was not possible to find out whether he is identical with Peter's cousin.)
The grandparents of Ellen and Peter, Fanny and Josef Littmann had returned from Hamburg to Berlin at the end of 1932. Since their daughter Rosa Szprycer, née Littmann (born Oct. 1, 1901 in Berlin), had separated from her husband Julius Szprycer (born 1899 in Warsaw, d. 1974) in Hamburg, her grandchildren lived with them in Berlin. Rosa Szprycer was able to emigrate to England in 1938; her three younger brothers had fled to Brazil. On March 17, 1943, the Littmann couple was deported to Theresienstadt with their 13-year-old grandson Helmuth Szprycer (born 8.8.1929 in Hamburg). Their 17-year-old granddaughter Giesa Szprycer (born 23.9.1925 in Hamburg) had already been taken from their shared apartment at Barbarossastraße 8 in Berlin-Schöneberg on 19 February 1943 and deported to Auschwitz on the 29th Osttransport. The older granddaughter Lotte had already died of tuberculosis in Berlin in 1940.
Shortly before the end of the war the Jews living in mixed marriages were also deported, Erna Bogisch was sent on a "work assignment transport" ("auswärtiger Arbeitseinsatz”) to Theresienstadt on February 14, 1945. She didn’t find her family there; her relatives had already been deported to the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp: Fanny and Josef Littmann with grandson Helmuth on December 18, 1943, Peter with a transport on September 28, 1944 and Ellen only a little later, on October 6, 1944 with a transport that also included Oskar and Henny Rosenstein with daughter Lilli Lindenborn. Helmuth Szprycer survived Auschwitz, Erna Bogisch experienced her liberation in Theresienstadt, she died on December 4, 1988 in Hamburg.
Her sister Josephine/Josefine von Halle, née Glück, lived with her husband Alfons (born 2.9.1902) and daughter Ingrid (born 20.12.1928) at Weidenallee 8. They were deported together from the "Judenhaus" at Großneumarkt 56 to the Minsk ghetto on November 18, 1941 and murdered (Stolpersteine at Weidenallee 8, www.stolperstein-hamburg.de).
The eldest sister Marie Löhr, née Glück, who had married the merchant Karl (Abraham) Löhr (born 13.4.1892 Wiesbaden) in Berlin in 1917, was also deported from Berlin to Auschwitz with her daughter Rita Ingeborg (born 22.2.1918 in Wiesbaden); they were murdered on February 21 and December 12, 1943, respectively.
A Stolperstein was laid for Peter Glück at his last address in Hamburg, Kielortallee 24; for his grandparents Littmann at Altonaer Straße 2; for Henny and Oskar Rosenstein at Elligersweg 41 in Barmbek and for Lilli Lindenborn at Bundesstraße 43 (see www.stolpersteine-hamburg.de).
The Littmann and Szprycer families have also been commemorated by stumbling blocks in Berlin since 2012.
Translation Beate Meyer
Stand: February 2023
© Susanne Rosendahl
Quellen: 1; 5; 7; 9; StaH 351-11 AfW 090390 (Bogisch, Erna); 351-11 AfW 20721 (Bogisch, Fritz August); StaH 351-11 AfW 3359 (Klyszcz, Rosa); StaH 332-5 Standesämter 13586 u 421/1931; StaH 522-1 Abl. 1993, 01 Ordner 15; StaH 351-14 Arbeits- und Sozialfürsorge 1236 (Alfons und Josephine von Halle); Lohmeyer: Stolpersteine, S. 221; www.ancestry.de (Geburtenregister Berlin Erna Glück, Zugriff 3.11.2015); www.ancestry.de (Geburtenregister Berlin Josefine Glück, Zugriff 3.11.2015); www.ancestry.de (Geburtenregister Berlin Maria Glück, Zugriff 3.11.2015); www.ancestry.de (Heiratsregister Berlin Maria Glück und Karl (Abraham) Löhr, Zugriff 3.11.2015); http://www.stolpersteine-berlin.de/de/biografie/4861 (Zugriff 5.11.2015).
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