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Peter Glück * 1925
Kielortallee 24 (Eimsbüttel, Eimsbüttel)
Peter Horst Glück, born on 14 Nov. 1925 in Hamburg, deported to Theresienstadt on 19 July 1942, murdered on 28 Sept. 1944 in Auschwitz
Peter Glück was the son of Erna Bogisch, née Glück (born in Berlin in 1898). He had a sister one year older named Ellen. The two children were born before the mother’s marriage and therefore had her maiden name. They were considered "full Jews” ("Volljuden”). The mother’s future husband, Fritz August Bogisch (born in 1898), was not Jewish and had been baptized a Lutheran. This marriage, however, did not protect the children. The family lived at Schopenstehl 1/3 on the fifth floor, and before that at Margaretenstrasse 34, rear house no. 2. In Nov. 1943, Fritz Bogisch moved probably with his wife to Bahrenfelder Strasse 179 on the fifth floor. At this time, the children had already been deported.
Peter Glück had been enrolled in the Talmud Tora School at Easter of 1932 and left school at Easter of 1940 after completing class 8 G. He was given the opportunity to work in the apprentice workshop in Weidenallee. Where he lived at the time is not clear. A notice in the house registration file indicates that he was housed for a time in the Karolinenstraße school before he was then assigned to the "Judenhaus" at Kielortallee 24 in May 1942.
Peter was deported together with his sister Ellen to Theresienstadt in July 1942, where both survived for two more years. He was taken to Auschwitz on Transport EK on September 28, 1944, and Ellen on Transport EO on October 6, 1944. Both were murdered immediately after their arrival. Peter's classmates Walter Golenzer and Martin Beer (see www.stolpersteine-hamburg.de) were also deported and murdered.
Two postcards sent by the siblings from Theresienstadt to Hamburg are preserved in the Hamburg State Archives. Peter wrote a card to the welfare worker "Fräulein" (Fanny) David on June 15, 1943. It said that both siblings had been ill, but had recovered. Peter worked in a gardening and Ellen as a nurse. The siblings had not yet been able to get in touch with their mother and stepfather. In Theresienstadt they had met their grandparents. These would have to be the parents of the mother.
Ellen wrote to Mr. Fritz Katz on August 12. She reported that she was living together with sister Henny Rosenstein, and that a total of nine people were housed together
The Bogisch couple lived in a "mixed marriage” ("Mischehe”), as a result of which Erna Bogisch survived, even though she, too, faced deportation to Theresienstadt in early 1945, when the Nazis no longer made any allowances for "mixed marriages.” However, she did return from Theresienstadt. Her husband, Fritz August, was a fitter by trade and had worked for the German national railroad as well as the Hamburger "Hochbahn” (the Hamburg public transit system). Due to his marriage with a Jewish woman, he was denounced and persecuted. From Oct. 1944 to the end of Apr. 1945, he had to perform forced labor as a "person interrelated to Jews by marriage” ("jüdisch Versippter") and was deployed for excavation and clearing work, in the course of which the hard physical labor resulted in health problems. After the war, he worked as a messenger to the extent he was fit for work at all. He died at the age of 57. His widow fought for recognition of his history of persecution as a cause of death, since that would have been important for her pension, but she was unable to prevail with her claim.
A Stolperstein was laid for Ellen Glück at Buceriusstraße 2/corner of Schopenstehl (see www.stolpersteine-hamburg.de).
Translator: Erwin Fink/Addition Beate Meyer
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
Stand: August 2023
© Susanne Lohmeyer
Quellen: 1; 4; 5; 7; StaH 351-11 AfW, 090398 Bogisch, Erna; StaH 362-6/10 Talmud Tora Schule StaHH 741-4 Fotoarchiv Sa 1248; StaH 522-1 Abl.1993/01 Ordner 15; StaH 522-1 992e 2 Band 5 (Deportationslisten); StaH 741-1 Meldewesen Fotoarchiv K2320L; BArch Liste der jüdischen Einwohner im Deutschen Reich 1933–1945; BArch Berlin, R 1509, Ergänzungskarten für Angaben über Abstammung; HAB II 1933.
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