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Alice Goldschmidt (née Peine) * 1875
Englische Planke 14 (Hamburg-Mitte, Neustadt)
Alice Goldschmidt, née Peine, born on 30 Nov. 1875 in Hamburg, deported on 15 July 1942 to Theresienstadt, murdered on 21 Sept. 1942 in the Treblinka extermination camp
Gotthold Goldschmidt, born on 10 Dec. 1873 in Hamburg, deported on 15 July 1942 to Theresienstadt, murdered on 21 Sept. 1942 in the Treblinka extermination camp
Hans Ludwig Goldschmidt, born on 10 Oct. 1901 in Hamburg, deported on 8 Nov. 1941 to Minsk
Englische Planke 14 (Englische Planke 7)
Alice Goldschmidt was born as the third of eight children of the Jewish couple Eduard Peine (born on 2 Oct. 1846) and Rosa, née Hirsch (born on 29 June 1848) in Hamburg. She and her older siblings Helene (born on 28 May 1872, died on 11 Apr. 1940) and Adolf (born on 3 Feb. 1874) were born in Hamburg-Neustadt at Wexstrasse 11. The business success of the father then made it possible to move to a more upscale residential area. Since 1878, their address was Esplanade 17, where the younger children Meyer (born on 2 Mar. 1877, died in 1917), Wally (born on 4 Feb. 1879), Paul (born on 9 May 1881), Rudolf (born on 23 Mar. 1885, died in 1885), and Kurt (born on 30 Nov. 1887, died on 12 Apr. 1963) were born. Eduard Peine ran the Eduard Peine & Co. cufflink plant, which he had co-founded in 1871.
The Peine family was well-off, so that Alice received a dowry of 40,000 marks when she was married on 18 Dec. 1900. Her future husband, the merchant Gotthold Goldschmidt, had grown up at Kraienkamp 35 (today Krayenkamp), where his father Levi Goldschmidt did business as a leather merchant. After his father’s death on 5 Dec. 1898, Gotthold Goldschmidt had founded a "special shop in hides, fur covers, and furs” at the same address, and he also did taxidermy work on small animals and mounted antlers. After the marriage, Alice moved in with Gotthold to the household of her mother-in-law Elisa Goldschmidt, née Simon (born on 19 Apr. 1838 in Harzgerode), located on Kraienkamp. Son Hans Ludwig was born there on 10 Oct. 1901. Another son was stillborn in Aug. 1908. Two years later, on 7 June 1910, daughter Else Clara was born. Grandfather Eduard Peine passed away in the same year, on 1 Sept. 1910; grandmother Rosa did so almost 20 years later, in 1929. Their graves are in the Jewish Cemetery on Ilandkoppel in Ohlsdorf.
In 1908, the Goldschmidt couple moved from Kraienkamp to nearby Englische Planke 7, opposite St. Michael’s Church, where they did business on the ground floor for the next three decades and lived on the upper floor (today, the site is occupied by a post-war building). Gotthold’s mother Elisa Goldschmidt did not move in there; instead, she found an apartment at Reuterstrasse 8 in the Uhlenhorst quarter, where she died on 10 Apr. 1933.
Alice Goldschmidt was an authorized signatory in her husband’s business according an entry in the company register, and her son Hans also worked as an employee in his parents’ business according to a note in his Jewish religious tax (Kultussteuer) file card. Since 1922, he was on file as a member in the card file of the Jewish Community. For some time, he lived as a subtenant of the mailman H. Kruse in the neighboring house at Englische Planke 6 and then of the dock worker A. Höpfner at Winklerstrasse 17. At the end of 1935, Hans moved back in with his parents. When Hans Goldschmidt fell ill and what his condition was is not known. According to the 1939 national census, Hans had already been admitted to the Langenhorn "sanatorium and nursing home” ("Heil- und Pflegeanstalt” Langenhorn) by that time. On 18 Sept. 1940, "discharged from the sanatorium ward” ("Heilabteilung entlassen”) was noted in the admissions and leaving register of the former "nursing home.”
His father’s company had already been "Aryanized” in 1938 due to the takeover by the furrier Henry Mohneke, based at Milchstrasse 25. The Goldschmidt couple was able to stay in their apartment for the time being. Only later were they quartered with son Hans in the "Jews’ house” ("Judenhaus”) at Frickestrasse 24.
Their daughter Else Clara married Alfred Stoppelman (born on 1 Dec. 1911 in Hannover). The couple lived at Marckmannstrasse 88a with their son Gerhard, born on 25 Jan. 1938. Alfred Stoppelman also had to give up his trade as a game and poultry dealer at Billhorner Röhrendamm in 163. In Sept. 1938, the family emigrated to the Netherlands, where Alfred Stoppelman held citizenship. However, the Netherlands were no longer a safe haven after the occupation by the German Wehrmacht. The Stoppelmans lived in Amsterdam at Biesboschstraat 38, from where they were interned in the Westerbork transit camp. On 2 Aug. 1942, Else Stoppelman and her son Gerhard were deported to Auschwitz. Alfred Stoppelman followed shortly afterward, on 30 September. Stolpersteine at Marckmannstrasse 88a commemorate them (see Stolpersteine in Hamburg-Rothenburgsort).
When Hans Goldschmidt was served his deportation order, he lived in the villa of his widowed aunt Wally Simon, née Peine, at Bellevue 34. On 22 May 1901, Wally Simon had married the owner of a large-scale slaughterhouse, Willy Simon (born on 26 Oct. 1870). His brother Cäsar Simon (born on 27 Nov. 1868, died on 24 July 1922) had been married to Wally and Alice’s sister Helene since 28 Dec. 1894. The married Simon couples as well as Kurt Peine, having taken over his father’s button factory, had moved to the villa on the Outer Alster in 1929.
Like the company of his brother-in-law, Gotthold Goldschmidt, Willy Simon’s "Schiffsproviant u. Schiffsausrüstungen, Pickhuben 1,” a business specializing in ship’s supplies and provisioning, had already been "Aryanized.” Willy Simon was denounced for the attempt to get some valuables out of the country with the assistance of a ship captain, who was a friend of his. During his interrogation on 3 Mar. 1939, he died in the premises of the customs investigation office, according to the minutes, following a heart attack.
In addition to Hans Goldschmidt, his uncle Adolf Peine and his wife Auguste-Johanna, née Graf (born on 23 Apr. 1884 in Essen) moved into the villa on Bellevue in 1940. The youngest brother of his mother, Kurt Peine, and his wife Auguste, née Winter, had already left Germany; they had emigrated to the USA on 25 Nov. 1936.
Hans Goldschmidt was deported without his family to the ghetto in Minsk on 8 Nov. 1941. His parents arrived in the Theresienstadt Ghetto on 15 July 1942. Four days later, the couple Adolf and Auguste Peine as well as Wally Simon had to follow them. Adolf and Auguste’s daughter Susi (born on 14 Nov. 1918) was able to emigrate to Britain in 1939 as a domestic help; her son Eduard (born on 8 Jan. 1911) died in Hamburg on 28 Jan. 1937. The Goldschmidt and Peine couples were transferred to the Treblinka extermination camp on 21 Sept. 1942 and murdered. Wally Simon died in Theresienstadt on 21 Jan. 1943, according to the official death notice. Stolpersteine in front of villa at Bellevue 34 commemorate them (see Stolpersteine in Hamburg-Winterhude).
Translator: Erwin Fink
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
Stand: May 2020
© Susanne Rosendahl
Quellen: 1; 3; 9; StaH 351-11 AfW 4113 (Simon, Wally); StaH 332-5 Standesämter 2947 u 1329/1900; StaH 332-5 Standesämter 2003 u 2266/1881; StaH 332-5 Standesämter 13562 u 2743/1901; StaH 332-5 Standesämter 637 u 678/1910; StaH 332-5 Standesämter 7142 u 340/1933; StaH 522-1 Jüdische Gemeinde Nr. 992 e 2 Band 2; StaH 522-1 Jüdische Gemeinde Nr. 992 e 2 Band 4; StaH 522-1 Jüdische Gemeinde Nr. 992 e 2 Band 5; StaH 352-8-7_Abl. 1999-1 Zugangsbuch der Heil- und Pflegeanstalt Langenhorn 1940; http://www.jüdischer-friedhofaltona.de/img/Datenbanken/ilandkoppel_grabregister.pdf (Zugriff 7.5.2015); http://www.joodsmonument.nl/page/396137 (Zugriff 12.5.2015); Hamburger Börsenfirmen, 1923, S. 343, S. 822; Thevs: Stolpersteine, S. 99; Eggert: Stolpersteine S. 190, S. 238.
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