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Käthe Goldschmidt * 1902
Haynstraße 9 (Hamburg-Nord, Eppendorf)
Elisa Groth-Goldschmidt, born on 22.2.1882 in Hamburg, deported to the Auschwitz extermination camp on 11.7.1942 and murdered there
Käthe Goldschmidt, born on 24.3.1902 in Hamburg, deported to the Auschwitz death camp on 11.7.1942 and murdered there
Elisa Goldschmidt's father Aron, who was born in Emden on December 22, 1840, worked as a "commission agent," i.e., as an independent merchant he conducted commission business in his own name or for the account of others. He died in Hamburg on January 28, 1903.
Her mother Annie, born on Apr 25, 1850 in London, probably bore the maiden name Neustadt. It can be assumed, however, that in the United Kingdom "Neu-" was changed to "New-" on her birth certificate and from then on the Prussian authorities also used the English spelling, "née Newstadt", in documents. Annie died in Hamburg on July 8, 1929.
From March 17, 1892 to May 1908, the family was registered at Kraienkamp 18, house 2. These were so-called free apartments, in which the foundation of the same name, established in 1868 by Berend Oppenheimer, provided accommodation for needy Jewish families. This suggests that the Goldschmidts may have had a low income. Berend Oppenheimer's only criterion for admission to his foundation was proof of a correctly conducted religious lifestyle. (Due to extensive redevelopment plans for Hamburg's new town, the properties of the Stift had to be abandoned. As an alternative, a new five-story building was erected in 1907/08 at Kielortallee 22, which had 23 two- and three-room apartments and also housed a synagogue extending from the first floor to the second floor. The property, which later became the property of the Reichsvereinigung der Juden in Deutschland (Reich Association of Jews in Germany) and, like many other Jewish residential institutions, functioned as a "Judenhaus" (Jewish house) from 1941, survived the bombing raids almost unscathed. In the first years after the end of the war, it served as a place of worship for Jews returning to Hamburg and for the newly founded Jewish community in Hamburg until 1960. Today it is a privately run residential building).
Elisa Goldschmidt was born on Febr 22, 1882 in Hamburg and was a "Kinderfräulein" by profession. On March 24, 1902, she gave birth to her daughter Käthe in Hamburg, presumably a child born out of wedlock, whose father was not registered.
Even when Elisa married the non-Jewish engineer Wilhelm Otto Groth, born in Flensburg on December 20, 1866, on April 11, 1933, Käthe kept her maiden name Goldschmidt and remained in the Jewish community. We know from the entry in her tax card of the Jewish community (Kultussteuerkarte) that Käthe was employed in a salaried position. Until May 20, 1936, she lived with her mother and stepfather at Grindelberg 74a. After that, the family moved to the third floor of Haynstraße 9.
On May 5, 1937, Elisa and Wilhelm went to the "Prussian State Spa" in Bad Wildungen, where they stayed in the former hotel "Haus Mogk" at what was then Georg-Viktor-Strasse 15. When Wilhelm Groth became seriously ill during the cure and had to be admitted to the city hospital, Elisa broke off the cure. She traveled to Hamburg and returned to Bad Wildungen with Käthe. There Wilhelm succumbed to his illness on June 12, 1937.
The death of the "Aryan" husband also removed the fragile protection of the "privileged mixed marriage" for Elisa, which would have protected her from deportation. From July 1939, Elisa and Käthe lived, presumably of necessity, at Isestraße 69. She had to hand over her jewelry. She no longer had any power of disposal over the securities she still owned. As later emerged from the deportation lists, she performed forced labor as an "armaments worker" in an unspecified factory. Her last place of residence before deportation is given as Bundesstraße 35, a so-called Judenhaus.
Together with her daughter and about 300 other people, Elisa was deported directly to the Auschwitz extermination camp on July 11, 1942 and murdered. Elisa Groth was declared dead after the war on May 8, 1945, midnight.
The fate of Elisa Goldschmidt's siblings:
Paul Aron Philip Goldschmidt, born Dec 19, 1874, was deported to Theresienstadt on Feb 24, 1943. He died there on Dec 21, 1943. (www.stolpersteine-hamburg.de Biography Paul Goldschmidt)
Sofie/Sofia/Sophia Goldschmidt, born on Feb 23, 1877 in Hamburg, died on Dec 28, 1931 in Hamburg, had married Max Bukofzer, born on Dec 14, 1871 in Culm, West Prussia, died on Nov 7, 1940 in the Jewish Hospital in Hamburg. Their marriage, contracted on Dec 22, 1898, to the "advertising distributor" Bukofzer, who had been a soldier "in the field" from 1914-1918, produced two children, Arthur, born on May 22, 1899, and Bertha, born on Febr 20, 1903.
Ella Goldschmidt, married Lange, born on Febr 24, 1878 in Hamburg, was deported to Riga-Jungfernhof on Dec 6, 1941 and died there. She was declared dead by order of the Hamburg District Court on Nov 19, 1953, at midnight on May 8, 1945. (www.stolpersteine-hamburg.de Biography Ella Lange).
Alfred Goldschmidt, born on July 19, 1880 in Hamburg, by profession an accountant, married to the non-Jewish Martha Clara Wilhelmine Härtel, born on Aug 23, 1885 in Mallwitz, lived at Stellingerweg 2. Alfred fell during position battles at the Yser in Flanders on May 19, 1916 as a private of the Landwehr in the 11th company of the Reserve Replacement Infantry Regiment No. 4, "Verlustnr. 554".
Martha Goldschmidt, married Levy, born on Sept 15, 1883 in Hamburg, was deported together with her sister Ella to Riga-Jungfernhof on Dec 6, 1941 and died there. She was declared dead by order of the Hamburg District Court on September 14, 1953, at midnight on May 8, 1945.
Barthold Goldschmidt, born in Hamburg on April 20, 1893, was taken into "protective custody" on July 3, 1939, and transferred to the Sachsenhausen concentration camp on August 31, 1939. He died there on March 29, 1940. (www.stolpersteine-hamburg.de Biography Barthold Goldschmidt)
Stolpersteine are also set for the other family members deported from Hamburg. The family members who died of natural causes have found their final resting place at the Jewish cemetery Hamburg-Ohlsdorf at the Ilandkoppel.
Translation by Beate Meyer
Stand: January 2022
© Michael Steffen
Quellen: 5; StaH 213-11 Landgericht Strafsachen _7076/37; StaH 213-13 Landgericht Wiedergutmachung _2829; _6594; StaH 231-3 A 12 Bd. 51, Nr. 38833; StaH 231-7, Handels- u. Genossenschaftsregister _A1 Bd. 57, A13587; StaH 332-5 Melderegister 1928/1000/1878; _2058/4391/1883; _2313/1555/1893; _2808/978/1893;_2910/1398/1898; _13790/1902; _6469/201/1909; _8037/562/1916; _6034/464/1917; _6080/548/1924; _981/562/1931; _998/2025/1933; _1004/1933; _8169/543/1940; StaH 332-3 Zivilstandsaufsicht _A125 Nr.990; StaH 351-11 Amt für Wiedergutmachung _4028; _5811; _7430; _15317; StaH 741-4 A254; Bundesarchiv Gedenkbuch; Stadtarchiv Bad Wildungen (Auskunft Herr Hülsebruch vom 23.5.2016); Standesamt Bad Wildungen, Register Nr.: 60/37; Standesamt Oranienburg Nr. 1684/40; E-Mail Josè Martin, Kampwesterbork, Niederlande am 16.2.2016; www.gerechte-der-pflege.net/wiki/index.php/Apeldoornsche_Bos (zugegriffen am 20.2.2016); www.joodsmonument.nl/page/408346?lang=en zugegriffen am 18.2.2016; www.dasjuedischehamburg.de (zugriffen am 27.3.2016); www.vaandaagindegeschiedenis.nl/22januari/ (zugegriffen am 19.3.2017); www.wikipedia.org/wiki/206"Division_(DeutschesKaiserreich) (zugegriffen am 23.1.2016); ww.denkmalprojekt.org/verlustlisten/rjf_wk1.html (zugegriffen am 23.1.2016); Gedenkbuch der gefallenen deutschen jüdischen Soldaten des Reichsbunds jüdischer Frontsoldaten; diverse Adressbücher Hamburg; Gedenkbuch des Bundes; Gottwaldt/Schulle, "Judendeportationen", S. 111, 113, 125f., 221; Stein, "Jüdische Baudenkmäler", S. 114f.
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