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Dora Salomon (née Schickler) * 1864
Sedanstraße 23 (Eimsbüttel, Rotherbaum)
1942 weiterdeportiert nach Treblinka
Dora Salomon, née Schickler, born in 1864 in Hamburg, deported on 15 July 1942 to Theresienstadt, murdered on 23 Sept. 1942 in the Treblinka extermination camp
Dora Salomon, née Schickler, was born in Hamburg on 2 Jan. 1864. Her parents were Abraham Schickler (born in 1837) and Rieckchen Schickler, née Zacharias (17 Nov. 1837 – 25 Nov. 1893). Both parents were natives of Hamburg. No details are known about Dora’s childhood and youth. She had a sister, Fanny Schickler, who was married to the Lübeck native Marcus Lissauer (born on 11 Nov. 1859), with whom she had five children. Since Fanny passed away early on, Dora looked after her sister’s grandchildren. One of grandsons remembers that she treated the grandchildren of her deceased sister like her own.
Probably in about 1885, Dora married Leopold Salomon, one year her senior and born on 4 May 1863, also in Hamburg. His parents were Isaac and Rahel Salomon, née Levin. On 7 May 1889, their daughter Paula was born.
Probably, Dora and Leopold Salomon – like the Lissauers – were members of the Synagogue Association (Synagogenverband), attending the orthodox synagogue on Bornplatz. Apparently, Dora Salomon was a homemaker, looking after their child’s upbringing. On the deportation list for 15 July 1942, her name was followed by the comment "no occupation,” which is not surprising in light of her advanced age at the time of the deportation.
One of Dora’s relatives, a grandson of her sister Fanny Lissauer, describes her as a "friendly old lady, who was particularly nice to us children.” Moreover, he remembers her as a very musical woman who at family festivities enjoyed singing, with her husband accompanying her on the piano.
Dora Salomon was forced to bear the compulsory additional first name of "Sara,” obligatory for all women of Jewish descent. On 30 Sept. 1939, her husband Leopold Salomon passed away. Until that time, the couple had lived on Rutschbahn. After the death of her husband, Dora moved to the Jewish retirement home at Sedanstrasse 23.
Nothing is known about the subsequent fate of daughter Paula. Apparently, she had left Hamburg even before 1933.
After the death of her husband, Dora Salomon was probably very lonely, enjoying even more the family visits taking place from time to time.
On 15 Jul 1942, Dora Salomon was deported to the Theresienstadt Ghetto, something referred to as "outmigration” ("Abwanderung”) on her Jewish religious tax (Kultussteuer) file card. Left entirely to her own devices by this time, the 78-year-old woman remained in the "ghetto for the elderly” ("Altersgetto”) for only two months, then being transported further to the Treblinka extermination camp on 23 Sept. 1942 and murdered there.
(By now, "Minsk” as a destination for this transport, indicated in the older literature, has been refuted by more recent research).
Translator: Erwin Fink
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
Stand: January 2019
© Nelly Birgmeier
Literatur und Quellen: StaHH, 522-1, Jüdische Gemeinden, 992b, Kultussteuerkartei der Deutsch-Israelitischen Gemeinde Hamburgs; ebd., 992e 1 Bd. 6, Transportlisten der deportierten Hamburger Juden, Transport nach Theresienstadt am 15.7.1942; Persönliche, schriftliche Auskunft von Mark Hermann Lissauer, Email vom 9.12.2008; www.bundesarchiv.de/gedenkbuch/directory.html?id=123850&submit=1&page=1&maxview=50&offset=0, Zugriff: 27.06.2008; www.yadvashem.org, Zugriff: 1.1.2009.