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Already layed Stumbling Stones

Ilse Angelika Schultz * 1940

Marckmannstraße 135 (ehemalige Kinderklinik) (Hamburg-Mitte, Rothenburgsort)

GEB. 27.9.1940
ERMORDET 23.9.1944

further stumbling stones in Marckmannstraße 135 (ehemalige Kinderklinik):
Andreas Ahlemann, Rita Ahrens, Ursula Bade, Hermann Beekhuis, Ute Conrad, Helga Deede, Jürgen Dobbert, Anneliese Drost, Siegfried Findelkind, Rolf Förster, Volker Grimm, Antje Hinrichs, Lisa Huesmann, Gundula Johns, Peter Löding, Angela Lucassen, Elfriede Maaker, Renate Müller, Werner Nohr, Harald Noll, Agnes Petersen, Renate Pöhls, Gebhard Pribbernow, Hannelore Scholz, Doris Schreiber, Dagmar Schulz, Magdalene Schütte, Gretel Schwieger, Brunhild Stobbe, Hans Tammling, Peter Timm, Heinz Weidenhausen, Renate Wilken, Horst Willhöft

Rothenburgsort Children's Hospital

In the former Rothenburgsort Children's Hospital, the National Socialists implemented their "euthanasia program" from the early 1940s.
Hildegard Thevs was able to research 33 names of murdered children.

A plaque on the building has commemorated the more than 50 murdered babies and children since 1999:

In this building
between 1941 and 1945
more than 50 handicapped children were killed.
An expert committee classified them
as "unworthy life" and assigned them
to be killed in specialized children's wards.
The Hamburg health administration
was involved in this.
Hamburg medical officers supervised
the admission and killing of the children.
Doctors of the children's hospital
carried them out.
None of those involved
was prosecuted for this.

Further information (in German) on the Internet at:

35 Stolpersteine für Rothenburgsort – Hamburger Abendblatt 10.10.2009

Stolpersteine für ermordete Kinder – ND 10.10.2009

Stolpersteine gegen das Vergessen – Pressestelle des Senats 09.10.2009

Die toten Kinder von Rothenburgsort – 09.10.2009

35 Stolpersteine verlegt – Hamburg 1 mit Video 09.10.2009

Wikipedia - Institut für Hygiene und Umwelt

Gedenken an mehr als 50 ermordete Kinder - Die Welt 10.11.1999

Euthanasie-Opfer der Nazis - Beitrag NDR Fernsehen 29.05.2010

Hitler und das "lebensunwerte Leben" - Andreas Schlebach NDR 24.08.2009

Ilse Angelika Schultz, born 9/27/1940 in Hamburg, murdered on 9/23/1944

Wilhelm Bayer after the war justified the killing of Ilse Angelika thus: "The child’s further life would have been continuous torment, if you consider screaming an expression of pain and weariness. For her environment, she would have been a source of enduring depression and a hopeless material and mental burden.”

Ilse Angelika Schultz was born two years after her half-sister B. on the calculated date at her parents’ home. Her birth went without obvious complications; however, it took two days.

When she was 18 months old, anomalies in her development became noticeable, so that her mother consulted several private physicians. By referral from Dr. Bach, Ilse Angelika was admitted to the Eppendorf University Hospital for a two-week observation period. Nothing is known about Angelika’s fate until the beginning of 1943, when a physician, following a further examination, referred her to the Alsterdorfer Anstalten mental hospital "because of imbecility (caused by birth trauma?).” Her mother took her there on March 3rd, 1943, where the infant was admitted to the pediatric ward.

At 18 months, she was a slight little girl who weighed 10.2 kg at the height of 80 cm. "With her cute slim infant’s face, she was the doctors’ and nurses’ darling. However, Ilse was unable to establish contact with environment. She lived in continuous restlessness and cried almost incessantly. After one week, Ilse Angelika was transferred to department 30, where she spent three months. At Whitsuntide, her mother took her home at her own initiative, signing that she assumed the responsibility "because she didn’t agree with her child being at the Alsterdorf institution among idiots”, as she later testified. Ilse Angelika came from a "healthy” family – which the hereditary genetic examination by Gerhard Kreyenbaum had confirmed.

In spring of 1943, the Schultz family moved to Schwanenwik 40, to the neighborhood of Wilhelm Bayer. In June, Ilse Angelika came to her new home. Her mother to her to see Bayer; Bayer prescribed pills.

As Ilse Angelika was completely helpless and her mother felt she was unable to cope with her, Bayer recommended the little girl return to the Alsterdorfer Anstalten. In a letter dated August 25th, 1944, Gerhard Schäfer made an exception to re-admit Ilse Angelika to the clinic. However, her parents did not accept this option, because Bayer had offered to personally perform an experiment on the child and thoroughly ventilate her brain. This treatment, Byer said, was a matter of life and death, and required admission to the Rothenburgsort children’s hospital.

On August 28th, 1944, Frau Schultz brought her now almost four-year-old daughter there. She was "put into the first room on the right, on the ground floor of the high school building, with four or five other children who were mentally not normal”, the mother later recalled. The diagnosis was "spasmic condition due to brain anomaly.”

Ilse Angelika was given tranquilizers and until her death spent ten hours a day in the air-raid shelter. It seems never to have been checked if this treatment had any effect at all. An x-ray of the cranium and the vertebral canal revealed an increased accumulation of liquid in the brain chambers, indication of an "internal hydrocephalus.” Presumably, Ilse’s mother summarized the results of the encephalo- and myelograms (cf. explanations) in the term "thoroughly ventilate the brain.”

The "approval of treatment” from the "Reich Committee” ha already come in when Lotte Albers filled in the required form on September 5th, 1944. For the report. Bayer had previously applied for the permission, giving the diagnosis "idiocy hydrocephalus” – two of the priority reportable ailments. The control examinations changed into Ilse Angelika’s killing. Lotte Albers gave her a higher dose of Luminal than usual, which caused the girl’s death on September 23rd, 1944. Ilse Alexander Schultz lived to be four years old.

Her father submitted the death report at the Billbrook registrar’s office that had replaced the one destroyed in Rothenburgsort. The causes of death given in the death register were "cerebral anomaly, respiratory paralysis.”

It may be assumed that brain damage during birth was the cause of Ilse Angelika’s disorder.

Translation by Peter Hubschmid 2018
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.

Stand: January 2019
© Hildegard Thevs

Quellen: Ev. Stiftung Alsterdorf, Archiv, 2787; StaH 213-12 Staatsanwaltschaft Landgericht – NSG, 0017-001; 332-5 Standesämter 1237+232/1944; 352-8/7 Staatskrankenanstalt Langenhorn, Abl. 2000/01, 63 UA 1.

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