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Already layed Stumbling Stones
Lisa Huesmann * 1940
Marckmannstraße 135 (ehemalige Kinderklinik) (Hamburg-Mitte, Rothenburgsort)
further stumbling stones in Marckmannstraße 135 (ehemalige Kinderklinik):
Andreas Ahlemann, Rita Ahrens, Ursula Bade, Hermann Beekhuis, Ute Conrad, Helga Deede, Jürgen Dobbert, Anneliese Drost, Siegfried Findelkind, Rolf Förster, Volker Grimm, Antje Hinrichs, Gundula Johns, Peter Löding, Angela Lucassen, Elfriede Maaker, Renate Müller, Werner Nohr, Harald Noll, Agnes Petersen, Renate Pöhls, Gebhard Pribbernow, Hannelore Scholz, Doris Schreiber, Ilse Angelika Schultz, Dagmar Schulz, Magdalene Schütte, Gretel Schwieger, Brunhild Stobbe, Hans Tammling, Peter Timm, Heinz Weidenhausen, Renate Wilken, Horst Willhöft
Rothenburgsort Children's Hospital
In the former Rothenburgsort Children's Hospital, the National Socialists implemented their "euthanasia program" from the early 1940s.
Hildegard Thevs was able to research 33 names of murdered children.
A plaque on the building has commemorated the more than 50 murdered babies and children since 1999:
In this building
between 1941 and 1945
more than 50 handicapped children were killed.
An expert committee classified them
as "unworthy life" and assigned them
to be killed in specialized children's wards.
The Hamburg health administration
was involved in this.
Hamburg medical officers supervised
the admission and killing of the children.
Doctors of the children's hospital
carried them out.
None of those involved
was prosecuted for this.
Further information (in German) on the Internet at:
35 Stolpersteine für Rothenburgsort – Hamburger Abendblatt 10.10.2009
Stolpersteine für ermordete Kinder – ND 10.10.2009
Stolpersteine gegen das Vergessen – Pressestelle des Senats 09.10.2009
Die toten Kinder von Rothenburgsort – Nordelbien.de 09.10.2009
35 Stolpersteine verlegt – Hamburg 1 mit Video 09.10.2009
Wikipedia - Institut für Hygiene und Umwelt
Gedenken an mehr als 50 ermordete Kinder - Die Welt 10.11.1999
Euthanasie-Opfer der Nazis - Beitrag NDR Fernsehen 29.05.2010
Hitler und das "lebensunwerte Leben" - Andreas Schlebach NDR 24.08.2009
Lisa Maria Huesmann, born 3 May 1940 in Kronprinzenkoog, Süderdithmarschen, date of death 19 June 1943
Marckmannstraße 135, former childrens’ hospital
Lisa Huesmann was born into a farming family in Kronprinzenkoog in Süderdithmarschen. She was given the middle name Maria after her grandmother Maria Feil. Her parents, Ferdinand August Ludolf Huesman (*3 March 1911) and Thea Elisabeth Feil Huesmann (1 January 1914), already had a four-year-old son, Ludolf Max Ferdinand, when Lisa was born on 3 May 1940. She was christened in the Lutheran church.
Lisa developed into a charming child with long blond curls and blue eyes. Her father was conscripted into the Wehrmacht, after which her mother ran the farm alone. Ferdinand Huesmann was pronounced missing in action in the spring of 1943. The last news the family received was from a comrade who had seen him in a field hospital in Velikiye Luki on the Lovat River in the western Soviet Union.
It is unclear how Lisa came to be admitted to the "special children’s ward” of the Rothenburgsort children’s hospital. Apparently she suffered from epileptic seizures, which were thought by the family to have been caused by a vaccination. Her doctor was Alphons Saure in Marne. It is not known whether he or Lisa’s mother arranged for her to be examined at the hospital in Hamburg.
Lisa’s condition was one of the five illnesses that were required to be registered according to the "Reich Committee for the Scientific Registering of Serious Hereditary and Congenital Illnesses” registration form. It is unknown who reported Lisa to the Committee in Berlin – it could have been the doctor who arranged for her to be admitted to the Rothenburgsort Children’s Hospital, or the head physician there, Wilhelm Bayer, or one of the assistant doctors.
When she was admitted to the children’s hospital, she was assigned to the toddlers’ ward. Because of her work on the farm and the distance to Hamburg, Thea Huesmann could not visit her daughter as often as visiting hours would have allowed her to. It is not known whether she ever spoke with Wilhelm Bayer about Lisa’s condition and her "treatment.”
In mid-June 1943, Thea was called to the hospital to say goodbye to her three-year-old daughter. Lisa had been given a lethal injection of Luminal (phenobarbital). The injection was given by the ward physician Ursula Petersen, apparently assisted by the ward nurse Margarethe Rieckmann, since small children often struggled against the painful injection, and had to be restrained to prevent the cannula from breaking. If a nurse assisted, it was kept confidential. Ursula Petersen and Margarethe Rieckmann performed this operation together in at least three cases.
Lisa died on the evening of 19 June 1943 of induced pneumonia. The death certificate listed epilepsy, dementia, and "circulatory failure” as the primary cause of death. The family was never aware of any "dementia.” Thea Heusmann registered her daughter’s death with the registry office at Rothenburgsort. Lisa was buried in the Huesmann family plot at the cemetery in Marne. Later that year, on 30 September, Thea Huesmann also lost her mother Maria Feil.
Thea Huesmann had a painting done from a photograph of Lisa, which she kept with her until her death in 1992. She remarried and had another daughter, Ingeborg. When the family plot in Marne was given up, Lisa’s gravestone was saved and placed next to her mother’s when she died. Lisa Huesmann’s memory is kept alive in the family. A grand-niece is named after her.
Translator: Amy Lee
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
Stand: April 2018
© Hildegard Thevs mit Ingeborg Ahrens
Quellen: StaH 213-12 Staatsanwaltschaft Landgericht NSG, 0017-001 Bd. II, Bl. 117R; 0017-002, Bd. IV, Bl. 16R, Bl. 154R; 332-5 Standesämter, (StA 4b 404) 1187+404/1943; Friedhofsamt Marne; Foto und mündliche Mitteilungen von Angehörigen Juli/August 2015.