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Ernestine Tichauer * 1891
Horner Weg 278 (Hamburg-Mitte, Horn)
Ernestine Tichauer, born 10 Oct. 1891 in Wroclaw, deported 6 Dec. 1941 to Riga, deported onward to Stutthof concentration camp
Horner Weg 278
Ernestine Tichauer, Evangelically baptized but persecuted as a Jew, left behind few traces in the archives, particularly as she was not a native of Hamburg and she never married. Born on 10 Oct. 1891 in Breslau, she moved to Hamburg with her parents Moritz Tichauer and Johanna, née Marcus. Moritz Tichauer, born on 25 July 1858 in Czarkow, Pless District, tailor by trade, and Johanna, née Marcus, born on 27 Dec. 1866 in Lutroschin, married on 5 Dec. 1882 in Breslau. The couple later divorced; yet Johanna Tichauer was called a widow following the death of her ex-husband. As of 1926 at the latest, Moritz Tichauer belonged to the German-Israelite Community of Hamburg. Ernestine Tichauer lived with her parents, then just her mother, at Fettstraße 27 in Eimsbüttel and also moved to the southeast of Hamburg when Johanna Tichauer rented a place at Bundsensweg 15 near the Hamm-Horner border. Ernestine took an apartment at Horner Weg 278 in Horn. Johanna Tichauer died on 31 Aug. 1934 at the state care home in Hamburg.
In 1940 Ernestine was forced to join the "Jewish Religious Association" and paid the basic amount of one Reich Mark in taxes each month. She worked as a laborer, no further details of which are known, likely in forced labor. When she was 50, she received orders to "resettle” in the East. It was actually the fourth transport of 1941 which left Hamburg on 6 Dec. 1941, heading to Riga. Ernestine Tichauer survived the ordeal of the transport and the harsh living conditions at Jungfernhof where the deported were forced to work, largely unprotected from the cold and starving. It is not known where she worked during the subsequent two years. She was among the few Jewish men and women to avoid the SS mass shootings because she was needed for work. After the ghetto and concentration camp near Riga were evacuated in the summer of 1944, she was deported with a large group of other Jewish women to Stutthof concentration camp when the Red Army reached Latvia. All further trace of her was then lost.
Translator: Suzanne von Engelhardt
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
Stand: March 2019
© Hildegard Thevs
Quellen: 1; 4; 5; 6; 332-5 Standesämter, 977+2033/1931; 7156+872/1934; 552-1 Jüdische Gemeinden, 992 e 2, Bd. 3; AB div.; Jüdischer Friedhof, O3-431; Enzyklopädie des Holocaust.
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