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Manuel (Emil) Neugarten * 1885

Kielortallee 22 (Eimsbüttel, Eimsbüttel)

JG. 1885

further stumbling stones in Kielortallee 22:
Martha Brager, Frieda Brager, Werner Brager, Siegmund Brager, Liesel Brager, Bela Brager, Joel Falk, Hermann René Falk, Dina Hähnlein, Julius Hähnlein, Heinrich (Henoch) Herbst, Karoline (Caroline) Herbst, Helene Horwitz, Alfred Levy, Martha Levy, Herta Neugarten

Emil (Manuel) Neugarten, b. 1.17.1885 in Barop, deported to Minsk on 11.8.1941
Herta Neugarten, née Gottschalk, b. 2.11.1897 in Hamburg, deported to Minsk on 11.8.1941
Frieda Rackwitz, née Gottschalk, b. 11.1.1893 in Hamburg, deported to Lodz on 10.25.1941
Walter Rackwitz, b. 3.18.1899 in Berlin, deported to Lodz on 10.25.1941

Kielortallee 22

On the birth certificate of the son of Moses and Gella (Julia) Neugarten, née Schönwald, issued in Barop near Dortmund on 20 January 1885, the child’s first name is recorded as "Manuel.” However, Manuel Neugarten later took as his given name Emil; the name "Manuel” pops up only in official papers. In 1913 in Münster, he married Alwine Sander (b. 5.18.1890 in Bocholt, Westphalia). Five children issued from the marriage. The oldest daughter, Ilse, was born out of wedlock on 8.31.1910 in Klein Masselwitz near Breslau in a private maternity clinic. Manuel Neugarten acknowledged paternity and married the mother in 1913. At the time he lived in Bremen at Isarstrasse 94. The second child saw the light of day on 6.25.1915 in Hamburg and received the name Irene. On 9.27.1916, daughter Margaret was born. On 6.28.1922, Ruth Sonja followed, and then on 3.2.1924, Ingeborg.

Following the marriage, the family moved to Hamburg. Their first dwelling was at Rapsoldstrasse 1. The directory for 1917 lists "E. Neugarten, traveling salesman, Rönnnhaidstrasse 45.” (Today Rönnhaidstrasse is Adolph-Schönfelder-Strasse, south of Weidestrasse in Barmbek-Süd.) In the mid-1920s, the directory listed "E. Neugarten, merchant, Heitmannstrasse 12.” Soon afterward, the couple divorced. On 15 May 1928, they remarried. Yet even the second marriage did not stand the test of time, and they were divorced in March 1940. Shortly after the divorce, Manuel Neugarten married Herta Gottschalk. She lived at Kielortallee 22, together with her mother, Tirza, her sister Frieda, and her brother-in-law, Walter Rackwitz. She was 43 years old when she married.

Herta Gottschalk came from Hamburg. Her father, Alexander, was a dealer; her mother, Tirza’s maiden name was Meyer. When Herta was born, the family lived at Peterstrasse 39, hour number 5. Herta Gottschalk‘s son, Ernst, was born out of wedlock on 10.10.1926; he may have been able to emigrate to England. She was a nurse by occupation and ultimately worked in the Jewish Hospital.

Manuel and Herta Neugarten were among the Jews, 966 other man, women, and children deported to Minsk, part of the second Hamburg transport on 8 November 1941. 952 of them never returned. The date of death was subsequently put at 8 May 1945. According to everything known about the Minsk ghetto, it is likely that both were murdered soon after they arrived.

Herta had at least two older siblings: her brother Harry Gottschalk (b. 1886) died in Dachau on 9.2.1942; her sister Frieda Rackwitz (b. 1893), who married in 1940, and was also deported to Minsk along with her husband on 8 November 1941. A memorial plaque for Harry Gottschalk lies at Steindamm in the St. Georg district.

Three of the five daughters Manuel Neugarten had with his wife, Alwine, migrated. Daughters Irene and Ruth Sonja remained in Hamburg. Irene had married the ten-year older Moritz Abrahams, from an East Frisian butcher’s family (the Beit and Brager family). Their son Denny was born on 9.20.1938. In October 1941, the family lived at Heinrich-Barth-Strasse 17 IV. They were deported to Lodz on 25 October 1941, where they put into House 75 on Franzstrasse 38, House 74 (in Polish, Franciszkanska Street).

Shortly before the deportation, Ruth had married the stateless Carl Alfred Abraham Melamerson, born in Hamburg on 12.7.1917. Their daughter Recha, born on 8.15.1941, was still a baby when Ruth, along with her husband, their daughter, and her in-laws, Salomon (b. 12.13.1884 or 1894 in Kybartai, Lithuania, d. in Lodz on 4.28.1942) and Anita (born as Anita Zadich in Hamburg on 4.14.1890 and died in Lodz on 2.2.1942) were on the same deportation transport to Lodz as her sister, nephew, and brother-in-law. Ruth and her baby were deported from the Heinrich-Barth-Strasse 7 address (at Bleiweiss); the Melamerson family was deported from the Blumenstrasse 31a. In the Lodz ghetto, Ruth was put in dwelling 8 at Neustadtstrasse 31; later the Melamerson family lived in Cranachstrasse. In May 1942 Alfred Melamerson petitioned the ghetto administration to be exempted from "resettlement." By this time both his parents were dead and his wife, Ruth, was ill. His request was granted, but he had already died on 9.3.1942. Ruth outlived him, dying in Lodz on 7.12.1943. Recha. too, did not survive. Alwine, Irene and Ruth’s mother in America, had learned of Irene’s wedding and the birth of her first grandchild; of Ruth’s marriage and the birth of a second grandchild she knew nothing.

Translator: Richard Levy

Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.

Stand: November 2017
© Susanne Lohmeyer

Quellen: 1; 4; 5; StaH 332-5, 6673 + 273/1928; StaH 332-5, 2428 + 576/1897; StaH 332-5, 2318 + 4105/1893; StaH 332-5, 2126 + 1983/1886; StaH 351-11 AfW, 787, 8085, 36254, 12829, 41087, 46640, 46641; Stadtarchiv Dortmund Geburtsregister; HAB II 1917,1926; USHMM 302/278; Deportationsliste Litzmannstadt, Gedenkstätte Lodz Radegast; Stolpersteine in Hamburg-St. Georg, S. 75, Brief von Matthias Frühauf vom 28.2.2014; Telefonat mit Larissa Schmitz am 16.2.2018.
Zur Nummerierung häufig genutzter Quellen siehe Link "Recherche und Quellen".

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