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Anna Rosenberg * 1894
Sievekingplatz 1 Ziviljustizgebäude (Hamburg-Mitte, Neustadt)
ERMORDET 1942 IN
further stumbling stones in Sievekingplatz 1 Ziviljustizgebäude:
Heinrich Basch, Paul Blumenthal, Franz Daus, Hermann Feiner, Richard Hoffmann, Kurt (Curt) Ledien, Lambert Leopold, Wilhelm Prochownick, Alfred Rinteln, Walter Rudolphi, Leonhard Stein
Anna Rosenberg, born on 29 Oct. 1894 in Elmshorn, deported on 25 Oct. 1941 to Lodz, deported further on 10 May 1942 to Chelmno
Office worker at the Hamburg Regional Court (Landgericht)
Anna Rosenberg’s parents were the secondary raw materials dealer John Rosenberg and his wife Henriette, née Mendel. In her hometown of Elmshorn, she attended the girls’ secondary school until age 15. Afterward, she was trained in stenography and typing as well as general office work in her father’s business. After her parents had relocated their residence to Hamburg in Sept. 1911, she was a stenographer and office worker with different Hamburg companies as well the Imperial Shipyard (Kaiserliche Werft) in Bruges/Belgium. In response to an application in which she described herself "as a perfect stenographer and extremely skilled typist in all systems,” she was hired as an office worker (stenographer) with the Hamburg Regional Court as of 1 Dec. 1924. From 1 Aug. 1925 until 15 Dec. 1928, she was posted to the Regional Justice Administration, where she attended to drafting notices concerning clemency matters. Afterward, she was once again employed at the Regional Court in the criminal justice building.
According to colleagues, after the assumption of power by the Nazis, Anna Rosenberg, who had been a member of the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) in 1929/30, apparently spoke out against the "national uprising” ("nationale Erhebung”), "making jokes when others were humming the Horst Wessel Lied.” Even though she had left – probably for tax reasons since she had to support her widowed mother – the German-Israelitic Community in 1928, she professed the Jewish faith in the questionnaire concerning the "Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service” ("Gesetz zur Wiederherstellung des Berufsbeamtentums”). On 24 July 1933, the Hamburg senator for the judiciary, Curt Rothenberger, terminated her employment relationship due to her Jewish descent in accordance with Sec. 3 of that law as of 31 August.
In the period ensuing, Anna Rosenberg probably found employment as a stenographer with Jewish companies. By Oct. 1939 at the latest, she was working for Dr. Manfred Zadik, who had been banned from practicing his profession like all Jewish lawyers, working since then – until his emigration at the end of Feb. 1941 – as one of seven [Hamburg] "Jewish legal advisers” (Konsulenten) authorized for legal consultation and representation required by Jews. When Dr. Zadik relocated his law office from the city center to his house in Othmarschen, she also resided with him and his wife. After Zadik’s "auxiliary,” Dr. Ernst Kaufmann, also a former lawyer, had been appointed a "legal adviser,” she worked as an office employee for him.
On the first Hamburg transport on 25 Oct.1941, Anna Rosenberg was deported to Lodz. In May 1942, when the transports to the Chelmno extermination camp were assembled, she too received a "departure order” ("Ausreise-Aufforderung”). In a letter dated 3 May 1941, she asked for an exemption from the "departure order” since she was doing "work in gardens and fields” at a daily pay of 2.20 RM. Since this was not a budgeted job, her request was turned down. On 10 May 1942, she was transported to Chelmno, where she was probably murdered in the gas vans immediately upon arrival.
Anna Rosenberg’s siblings, too, became victims of the Shoah. Her brother Julius Rosenberg and his wife Edith, née Scherer, were also deported to Lodz on 25 Oct. 1941. Her sister Friederike Stork was deported with her husband Siegfried Stork to Minsk on 8 Nov. 1941.
Even though "entered in the birth register under the first name of ‘Anna’ on this day,” Anna Rosenberg’s first name is indicated in the Hamburg deportation list of 1941 and in the Memorial Books as "Aenne” or "Aenne Alma,” respectively.
Translator: Erwin Fink
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
Stand: October 2018
© Heiko Morisse
Quellen: Staatsarchiv Hamburg, 241-1 I Justizverwaltung I, 2212; Staatsarchiv Hamburg, 241-2 Jus-tizverwaltung-Personalakten, Abl. 2002/01 Rosenberg, Anna; Staatsarchiv Hamburg, 552-1 Jüdische Gemeinden, 992e 2, Bd. 1 und 2; Staatsarchiv Hamburg, 552-1 Jüdische Gemeinden, Kultussteuer-kartei; Hamburger jüdische Opfer des Nationalsozialismus, Gedenkbuch, Hamburg 1995, S. 346, 348, 403; Onlineversion des Gedenkbuchs des Bundesarchivs – Opfer der Verfolgung der Juden unter der nationalsozialistischen Gewaltherrschaft in Deutschland 1933-1945; United States Holocaust Memori-al Museum, RG 15.083, 300/520-521; Staatsarchiv Hamburg, 351-11 Amt für Wiedergutmachung, 7552 (zu Julius Rosenberg)