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Julie Baruch (née Salomon) * 1869

Großneumarkt 38 (vorm. Schlachterstraße) (Hamburg-Mitte, Neustadt)

JG. 1869
ERMORDET 7.10.1942

further stumbling stones in Großneumarkt 38 (vorm. Schlachterstraße):
Hanna Aghitstein, Ludwig Louis Baruch, Julius Blogg, Rebecca Blogg, Kurt Cossmann, Mathilde Cossmann, Frieda Dannenberg, Alice Graff, Leopold Graff, Flora Halberstadt, Elsa Hamburger, Herbert Hamburger, Louis Hecker, Max Hecker, Marianne Minna Hecker, Lea Heymann, Alfred Heymann, Wilma Heymann, Paul Heymann, Jettchen Kahn, Adolf Kahn, Curt Koppel, Johanna Koppel, Hannchen Liepmann, Henriette Liepmann, Bernhard Liepmann, Johanna Löwe, Martin Moses, Beate Ruben, Flora Samuel, Karl Schack, Minna Schack, Werner Sochaczewski, Margot Sochazewski, verh. Darvill, Sophie Vogel, Sara Vogel

Julie/Golda Baruch, née Salomon, the widow of Berger, b. 4.29.1869 in Königsberg in der Neumark (today Chonja, Poland), deported on 7.19.1942 to Theresienstadt, dying there on 10.7.1942
Ludwig/Louis Baruch, b. 3.17.1870 in Frechen near Cologne, deported on 7.19.1942 to Theresienstadt, deported again on 5.15.1944 to Auschwitz

Großneumarkt 38 (Schlachterstraße 40-42)

The butcher’s assistant Ludwig/Louis Baruch and the widow Julie/Golda Berger, née Salomon, married on 15 June 1911 in Hamburg. Both came from Jewish families and were not Hamburg-born. Ludwig Baruch’s family came originally from Frechen near Cologne. He was born there, one of ten children belonging to the dealer Baruch Baruch (b. 1.19.1836) and Charlotte, née Hohnen (b. 9.5.1843). His parents had married there on 12 September 1861. Because the Jewish school had closed for lack of pupils two years after he was born, Ludwig Baruch attended a Catholic school in his hometown near the lignite coal fields of the County Rhein-Erft. It is not known when Ludwig left home. In 1911, when he married Julie Berger, he lived as a sub-lessee at Grindelallee 170, she at Gänsemarkt 12.

Julie Berger was the daughter of Selig Salomon (b. 12.23.1836, d. 12.13.1907) and Friederike, née Mannheimer (b. 3.2.1843, d. 5.28.1909). Her parents came from Königsberg in der Neumark (today Chonja, Poland) near Stettin, where Julie and her younger brother Meyer (b. 8.3.1870) were born. The youngest son, Benny (b. 1.5.1875) was born in Hamburg. The brothers, like their father, became shopkeepers, Benny at Cremon 4, Meyer at Grimm 22.

Julie had been working as a saleswoman when she entered into her first marriage on 15 March 1894 with the furniture dealer Salomon Loebel Berger (b. 3.16.1859 in Bergfreiheit, County of Beuthen in Upper Silesia). The Bergers lived at Fehlandstrasse 38, then at Dammtorstrasse 20, and from 1908 on the fourth floor at Rutschbahn 2. At these addresses, both were professionally active. Julie ran an "employment agency for personnel in private households.” Julie’s first husband, Salomon Loebel Berger, died young, at age 51, on 31 December 1910 in the Eppendorf Hospital. Julie gave up the furniture dealership and the apartment on Rutschbahn and moved into the Hamburg inner city, at Gänsemarkt 12, where she continued with her employment agency.

How Julie Berger and Ludwig Baruch met is not known. After marrying in 1911, she still lived on Gänsemarkt until 1917 and then moved back to the Grindelviertel, at Rutschbahn 2. Thus, Julie again lived in the "Meyer Jacob Emden and Betty, née Hess Foundation,” this time on the third floor.

In 1931, Julie Baruch gave up her employment agency; Ludwig was still listed in the Hamburg directory as a butcher. In 1934, the couple moved into an apartment in the Marcus Northeim Foundation at Schlachterstrasse 40-42, house 4. (Julie’s parents had lived in the same building until the death of her father. Selig Salomon died on 13 December 1907. His widow Friederike spent the last two years of her life with Julie at Rutschbahn 2; she died on 28 May 1909.)

Julie and Ludwig Baruch had to move once again. They relocated to the nearby Lazarus Gumpel Foundation, house 3, at Schlachterstrasse 46-47, because the former Jewish Congregation, now the Jewish Religion Association, which owned the property, had installed an old people’s home on the ground floor of the Marcus Northeim Foundation. The living space at the disposal of the so-called Jew houses became ever smaller. In 1942, Julie and Ludwig Baruch had to take in the Jewish couple Senta and Dany Kohn (see biographical sketches for Bertha and Josef Polack). Together, the couples were deported to Theresienstadt on 19 July 1942. According to her Theresienstadt death notice, Julie Baruch died on 7 October 1942 from a bowel inflammation and stroke. Ludwig Baruch was deported again on 15 May 1944, this time to Auschwitz, and murdered.

On 26 January 1943, Ludwig’s eldest brother, Isaak Baruch (b. 9.25.1861) was deported, via Cologne and Berlin, to Theresienstadt, where he died on 24 June 1943. His wife Emma Baruch, née Seligmann (b. 8.13.1884 in the Altenkirchen district of Rott, Rhineland-Palatinate) was deported to the Minsk ghetto in 1942. Her married daughters, Frieda Schnog (b. 5.5.1913 in Frechen) and Juliette Koch (b. 1.12.1912 in Frechen), along with their husbands, Gustav Schnog (b. 4.1.1908 in Bergheim) and Manfred Koch (b. 11.21.1911 in Porz), were sent to Minsk on 20 July 1942. They were murdered in the Maly Trostinec extermination camp.

Julie’s second oldest brother, Joseph Baruch (b. 5.3.1865) and his wife Dora, née Heyum (b. 6.9.1871 in Eberstadt), lived until late December 1938 with their sons Erich and Siegfried at Rosmarstrasse 12 in Frechen. Their sons were able to emigrate to the USA before the outbreak of the war. Their parents had to move to Cäcilienstrasse 18, a so-called Jew house. They were deported to Theresienstadt on 15 June 1942. Joseph died on 12 July 1942, Dora was sent on 19 September 1942 to the Treblinka extermination camp and murdered. Her brother-in-law Jacob Baruch (b. 3.16.1872), deported with them via Cologne to Theresienstadt, met the same fate.

The younger brother, Alexander Baruch (b. 4.24.1886) and his wife Helene, née Friedemann (b. 1.6.1880 in Rott), had two children: Bernhard Walter (b. 10.17.1919) and Sofie (b. 2.25.1920). The family was deported from Cologne to the Riga ghetto on 7 December 1941. Only Bernhard Walter Baruch survived the deportation.

Julie Baruch’s brother Benny Salomon and his wife Elsa, née Riess (b. 9.10.1877) were deported from Hamburg to the Minsk ghetto on 8 November 1941. Their daughter Irma (b. 12.6.1907) was able to emigrate to Italy in 1934. Memorial stones for her parents are placed at Kurzer Kamp 6 in Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel. Her older brother Meyer Salomon died on 11 January 1937 in Hamburg. His widow Goldine Salomon, née Drucker (b. 4.13.1873), sister of the well-known theater director Ernst Drucker (b. 10.23.1856, d. 5.18.1918) emigrated with her family to the USA in October 1938.

Translator: Richard Levy
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.

Stand: April 2020
© Susanne Rosendahl

Quellen: 1; 3; 5; 6; 9; StaH 332-5 Standesämter 2830 u 288/1894; StaH 332-5 Standesämter 8596 u 280/1899; StaH 332-5 Standesämter 8645 u 280/1906; StaH 332-5 Standesämter 584 u 1998/1907; StaH 332-5 Standesämter 9701 u 1/1911; StaH 332-5 Standesämter 8675 u 197/1911; StaH 332-5 Standesämter 1071 u 8/1937; StaH 351-11 AfW 31991 (Enea, Irma); StaH 351-11 AfW 27681 (Salomon, Alfred); StaH 351-14 Arbeits- und Sozialfürsorge 1791 (Salomon, Benny); StaH 314-15 OFP R 1938/3539; Nationalarchiv in Prag/Theresienstädter Initiative, Jüdische Matriken, Todesfallanzeigen Theresienstadt (Julie Baruch); Nationalarchiv in Prag/Theresienstädter Initiative, Jüdische Matriken, Todesfallanzeigen Theresienstadt (Isaak Baruch); Nationalarchiv in Prag/Theresienstädter Initiative, Jüdische Matriken, Todesfallanzeigen Theresienstadt (Josef Baruch); Stein: Stiftung, S. 184; Scheffler/Schulle: Erinnerung, Band II, S. 633, S. 653; 411273&eworec=0&bar=1&ssm=&sid=63fc058506a1c14da4dd704d9372f2f4&rid=&mod=&findlist=&lis=&tm=1477773697284 (Zugriff 29.10.2016); http://www.jü (Zugriff 29.10.2016); (Zugriff 29.10.2016).
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