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Hanna Stern (née Löbenstein) * 1877
Grindelallee 178 (Eimsbüttel, Rotherbaum)
Hanna (Hana) Stern, née Löbenstein, born on 25 Dec. 1877 in Hamburg, deported on 6 Dec. 1941 to Riga-Jungfernhof, murdered
Jet(t)chen Stern, born on 14 July 1916 in Hamburg, deported on 6 Dec. 1941 to Riga-Jungfernhof, murdered
Hanna Löbenstein’s father was Jehuda Löbenstein. She had two younger sisters who had also been born in Hamburg: Toni (born on 16 Sept. 1880) and Dinah (born on 16 Nov. 1883). On 31 Oct. 1902, she married Ephraim Stern, a retailer from Graetz near Posen (today Grodzisk near Poznan in Poland), in Hamburg. The couple had five children, one of whom died early. The oldest was Recha (born on 21 Nov. 1904, married name Lubelsky, see www.stolpersteine-hamburg.de), followed by Emil (born on 27 Oct. 1906), Sara (born on 2 Apr. 1911), and Emmi (born on 19 Sept. 1914, died on 11 Oct. 1921). Jettchen was the youngest.
Starting in 1919, the family lived in a four-bedroom apartment at Kielortallee 15. Ephraim Stern traded in eggs, bread, magazines, and household items, among other things. At times, he also worked for the Jewish Community as a shomer in the Paul Hempel bakery, at Rutschbahn 18, making sure that the bread was kosher, i.e., prepared according to the Jewish purity laws. Hanna Stern managed the household, took care of the children, and ran a small trade in scraps of cloth, which she purchased from a relative who owned a clothes factory in Berlin. One room of the home on Kielortallee served as a salesroom and warehouse for her.
In 1926, her oldest daughter Recha married Haskiel Lubelsky from Pabianice/Poland (see Stolpersteine in Hamburg-Hohenfelde and www.stolpersteine-hamburg.de). The couple had two children: Marcus (born on 4 Apr. 1931) and Ruth Olga (born on 24 July 1932). However, the marriage failed and was divorced in 1934. Hanna and Ephraim’s son Emil emigrated to Brazil in 1926 at the age of 20. Later, he returned to Germany and settled in Berlin. Jettchen, who had a slight mental disability, lived in Cologne for a while, but returned to her family in Hamburg.
In 1933, the year power was transferred to the Nazis, daughter Sara already fled to Palestine via Sweden and Denmark after a threatening encounter with "Nazi thugs.” She arrived in Haifa in 1936. She married the transport worker Simon Eschwege from Frankfurt and had two children with him.
Hanna Stern’s trade in remnants of fabric went increasingly worse from 1933 onward. Because of Nazi propaganda and anti-Jewish ordinances, many customers stayed away. Eventually, she gave up her work for a living altogether. At this point, the Stern couple could no longer afford the large apartment on Kielortallee and moved to cheaper accommodation at Bornstrasse 5, on the ground floor, where Ephraim Stern took over small caretaker duties. He died on 17 Dec. 1935, just 62 years old.
From Bornstrasse, Hanna Stern, her daughter Jettchen, and her sister Toni first moved to Rutschbahn 38 and from there to Grindelallee 178, where all three received the order for deportation to Riga on 6 Dec. 1941. They were murdered in the Riga-Jungfernhof subcamp.
Recha Lubelsky and her daughter Ruth-Olga were deported to the Lodz Ghetto on 25 Oct. 1941 and from there to the Chelmno extermination camp on 15 May 1942. They were both murdered. Recha had been able to save the life of her son Marcus by arranging transport of the children to Britain on 25 July 1939. For Recha and Ruth-Olga Lubelsky, Stolpersteine are located at Löwenstrasse 12 in Hamburg-Eppendorf. Recha’s former husband Haskiel Lubelsky was murdered on 10 Feb. in the Auschwitz extermination camp. For him, a Stolperstein lies at Ifflandstrasse 10/11 in Hamburg-Hohenfelde.
Translator: Erwin Fink
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
© Frauke Steinhäuser
Quellen: 4; 5; 8; 9; StaH 332-5 Standesämter Generalregister Heiraten (1901–1910) u. Generalregister Sterbefälle (1935); Johannes Großmann: Biografie Recha und Ruth-Olga Lubelsky, s. www.stolpersteine-
hamburg.de; Hildegard Thevs: Biografie Haskiel Lubelsky, s. "Stolpersteine in Hamburg-Hohenfelde" und www.stolpersteine-hamburg.de.
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