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Lucie Rothschild * 1907

ohne Hamburger Adresse

ermordet am 23.9.1940 in der Tötungsanstalt Brandenburg an der Havel

further stumbling stones in ohne Hamburger Adresse :
Dr. Hans Bloch, Felix Cohn, Moraka Farbstein, Erland Walter Friedmann, Richard Guth, Martha Havelland, Albert Hirsch, Auguste Hirschkowitz, Sophie Kasarnowsky, Ernestine Levy, Richard Levy, Hannchen Lewin, Bronislawa Luise Dorothea Mattersdorf, Karl Friedrich Michael, Dorothea Dorthy Silberberg, Wilhelm Süsser, Anna Luise (Louise Hedwig) Weimann, Salo Weinberg

Lucie Rothschild, born on 18 Sept. 1907 in Berlin, murdered on 23 Sept. 1940 in the Brandenburg/Havel euthanasia killing center

Without Stolperstein

Lucie Rothschild was born on 18 Sept. 1907 as the daughter of the merchant Israel Rothschild and his wife Elise Rothschild, née Meininger. The couple lived at that time in Berlin-Schöneberg at Heilbronnerstrasse 5. They were of the Jewish faith. This sparse information derives from Lucie Rothschild’s birth certificate. We have no further details about her childhood or youth. Lucie learned the occupation of a saleswoman and lived in many cities in the 1920s and 1930s, often as a subtenant of her mother. In Mar. 1930, she had the intention of getting married. But this did not come about.

Lucie Rothschild must have arrived Hamburg in the second half of the 1930s. In Aug. 1937, she was sentenced by the Hamburg District Court (Amtsgericht) to a prison sentence for theft, which was to end on 27 Feb. 1938. After that, she was to be admitted to a "detoxification clinic.” We do not know what specific offense the conviction was based on. The prisoner file card at the time reveals that Lucie Rothschild had two siblings. Lucy’s father had already died and her mother was residing in Tel Aviv by then.

On 26 Feb. 1938, Lucie Rothschild was transferred directly from prison to the Hamburg-Langenhorn State Hospital (Staatskrankenanstalt Hamburg-Langenhorn). She remained there until 1940. It is not known what kind of "detoxification” was the purpose of this committal.

In the spring/summer of 1940, the "euthanasia” headquarters in Berlin, located at Tiergartenstrasse 4, planned a special operation aimed against Jews in public and private sanatoriums and nursing homes. It had the Jewish persons living in the institutions registered and moved together in what were officially so-called collection institutions. The Hamburg-Langenhorn "sanatorium and nursing home” ("Heil- und Pflegeanstalt” Hamburg-Langenhorn) was designated the North German collection institution. All institutions in Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein, and Mecklenburg were ordered to move the Jews living in their facilities there by 18 Sept. 1940. After all Jewish patients from the North German institutions had arrived in Langenhorn, they were taken to Brandenburg/Havel on 23 Sept. 1940, together with the Jewish patients who had lived there for some time. On the same day, they were killed with carbon monoxide in the part of the former penitentiary converted into a gas-killing facility. Only one patient, Ilse Herta Zachmann, escaped this fate at first (see corresponding entry).

It is not known whether, and if so, when relatives became aware of Lucie Rothschild’s death. In all documented death notices, it was claimed that the person concerned had died in Chelm (Polish) or Cholm (German). It was noted on the birth register entry of Lucie Rothschild that she had died on 30 Jan. 1941 and that the records office Chelm II had registered her death under number 363/1941. Those murdered in Brandenburg, however, were never in Chelm/Cholm, a town east of Lublin. The former Polish sanatorium there no longer existed after SS units had murdered almost all patients on 12 Jan. 1940. Also, there was no German records office in Chelm. Its fabrication and the use of postdated dates of death served to disguise the killing operation and at the same time enabled the authorities to claim higher care expenses for periods extended accordingly.

An address of Lucie Rothschild in Hamburg is not known, so that no individual place can be determined where she could be commemorated with a Stolperstein.

Translator: Erwin Fink
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.

Stand: March 2020
© Ingo Wille

Quellen: 1; 4; 5; 9; StaH 133-1 III_3171-2/4 U.A. 4, Listen psychisch kranker jüdischer Patientinnen und Patienten des Krankenhauses Langenhorn, die aufgrund nationalsozialistischer "Euthanasie"-Maßnahmen ermordet wurden, zusammengestellt von Peter von Rönn, Hamburg (Projektgruppe zur Erforschung des Schicksals psychisch Kranker in Langenhorn); Standesamt Berlin-Schöneberg, Geburtsregister Nr. 2452/1907 Lucie Rothschild; Stadtarchiv Hildesheim, Bestand 102 Nr. 7427 Meldeblatt.
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