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Already layed Stumbling Stones

Anna Luise (Louise Hedwig) Weimann * 1869

ohne Hamburger Adresse

ermordet am 23.9.1940 in der Tötungsanstalt Brandenburg an der Havel

further stumbling stones in ohne Hamburger Adresse :
Dr. Hans Bloch, Felix Cohn, Moraka Farbstein, Erland Walter Friedmann, Richard Guth, Martha Havelland, Albert Hirsch, Auguste Hirschkowitz, Sophie Kasarnowsky, Ernestine Levy, Richard Levy, Hannchen Lewin, Bronislawa Luise Dorothea Mattersdorf, Karl Friedrich Michael, Lucie Rothschild, Dorothea Dorthy Silberberg, Wilhelm Süsser, Salo Weinberg

Anna Luise (Louise Hedwig) Weimann, born 11/19/1869, murdered on 8/23/1940 at the killing institution Brandenburg on the Havel

Without a Stumbling Stone

On December 23, 1940, 136 Jewish patients from the Hamburg-Langenhorn mental hospital were transported to Brandenburg on the Havel, where they were murdered with carbon monoxide gas after their arrival on the day in the section of the former prison that had been transformed into a killing facility.

A certain Anna Luise Weimann was among them. This is proven beyond doubt by the entry "Anna Weimann” in the book of arrivals and departures of the Hamburg-Langenhorn mental hospital, which contains a handwritten list of the 136 Jewish patients that were sent off on September 23, 1940.

The memorial book Opfer der Verfolgung der Juden unter der nationalsozialistischen Gewaltherrschaft in Deutschland 1933-1945 (The list of Jewish victims of Nazi terror) commemorates two women with the family name Weimann who were supposedly murdered at the killing institution in Brandenburg on the Havel in September 1940.

It may be assumed that one of these entries is faulty and that the person transported to Brandenburg with 135 other Jewish patients was Anna Luise Weimann, born November 19, 1869.

According to her culture tax card at the Jewish Community of Hamburg, the worker

Anna Luise Weimann was the daughter of Gottfried and Marie Weimann, née Ludwig. From 1904, she was a patient at the "Friedrichsberg insane asylum” in Hamburg. This is documented in her preserved patient’s file. The record gives her full name as Anna Louise (not Luise) Hedwig Weimann and her place of birth as Biadauschke, a town that formerly belonged to Germany and was called Bartschgrund. The current name of the now Polish community is Biedaszkowo. There is no confirmation that Anna Weimann was born in Rome, Italy, as the entry in the memorial book claims. Nothing is known about her childhood, youth or education, neither about the length of Anna Louise/Luise Hedwig Weimann’s stay in Friedrichsberg. The Hamburg Police Authority had admitted her to the "Friedrichsberg Insane Asylum” on July 16, 1909 because of a not defined mental disturbance.

Anna Luise/Louise Hedwig Weimann also lived there until she was transferred from Langenhorn to Eichenkamp on July 9, 1935 together with other women and men in the scope of the so-called Friedrichsberg-Langenhorn plan with its multitude of patient transfers. That private institution for old, ill and handicapped people had been founded in 1928/29. On July 15, 1939, the Jewish male and female patients there four years before were taken back to Langenhorn.

In spring and summer of 1940, the Berlin "Euthanasia” agency at Tiergartenstrasse 4 planned a special operation to eliminate all Jewish patients living in public and private mental hospitals in Germany. The agency had all Jewish patients of the institutions registered and then assembled in so-called collecting institutions. In northern Germany, this was the Hamburg-Langenhorn mental hospital. All institutions in Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein and Mecklenburg and Mecklenburg were ordered to transfer all their Jewish patients there before September 18, 1940. After these patients from the institutions in northern Germany had arrived in Langenhorn, they were sent on a transport to Brandenburg on the Havel on September 23, 1940, together with the Jewish patients who had already been living there, among them Anna Luise Weimann. The transport arrived the same day, and the newly arrived patients were immediately herded into the gas chamber and murdered by carbon monoxide gas in the part of the former prison that had been converted into a gas killing facility. Only Ilse Herta Zachmann temporarily escaped that fate (cf. there).

It is not known if or when family members were notified of Anna Luise Weimann’s death. In all similar documented notices it was claimed that the deceased had died in Chelm (Polish), resp. Cholm (German).

The people murdered in Brandenburg, however, had never been in the town east of Lublin called Chelm in Polish, Cholm in German. The mental hospital there had ceased to exist after SS troops had murdered almost all its patients on January 12, 1940. And there had never been a German registrar’s office in Chelm. It was solely invented to cover up the murder operations, and recording fictive later dates of death served the purpose of demanding board fees for the already murdered patients.

As no personal home address could be could established for Anna Luise/Louise Hedwig Weimann, no place for laying a Stumbling Stone to commemorate her individually could be named.

Translation by Peter Hubschmid
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.

Stand: March 2020
© Ingo Wille

Quellen: 1; 4; 5; StaH 133-1 III Staatsarchiv III, 3171-2/4 U.A. 4, Liste psychisch kranker jüdischer Patientinnen und Patienten der psychiatrischen Anstalt Langenhorn, die aufgrund nationalsozialistischer "Euthanasie"-Maßnahmen ermordet wurden, zusammengestellt von Peter von Rönn, Hamburg (Projektgruppe zur Erforschung des Schicksals psychisch Kranker in Langenhorn); 352-8/7 Staatskrankenanstalt Langenhorn Abl. 1/1995 Aufnahme-/Abgangsbuch Langenhorn 26.8.1939 bis 27.1.1941; UKE/IGEM, Archiv, Patienten-Karteikarte Anna Weimann der Staatskrankenanstalt Friedrichsberg; Stadtarchiv Pinneberg, Auskunft vom 28. 5. 2015.
Zur Nummerierung häufig genutzter Quellen siehe Link "Recherche und Quellen".

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