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Genja Woronez * 1944
Essener Straße 54 (Hamburg-Nord, Langenhorn)
further stumbling stones in Essener Straße 54:
Tamara Balenow, Elfriede Barabanowa, Jury Belikowa, namenloses Mädchen Beltschikowa, Walentina Beretschnoj, Victor Bilous, Elsa Borisowa, Vladimir Bowton, Leopold Colman, Anatoli Dubskaja, Serge Duvert, Max Ernest Duvert, Knabe Fedyk, Swetlana Harkawtschuk, Anatoli Kobilko, Luja Kolomejtschuk, Ilda Konforowitsch, Waldemar Kosowzow, Schura Kotschezeschko, Paul Kowalewa, Alex Kritzkaja, Valentin Lewonenko, Raisa Lomonossowa, Josef Mrosowska, Galina Nasarowa, Luba Nesterowitsch, Alexandra Nikolajew, Maria Ostagowa, Sina Paratschenko, Annatoli Podwinskaja, Damara Pogrebnikowa, Lydia Poliwara, Iwan Poliwara, Regina Larissa Prieditis, Iwan Ragulina, Wasilij Romanenko, Alexander Sabluswitschke, Klawa Schurawel, Anatoli Slusar, Namenloses Mädchen Solowey, Knabe Stefa, Valentin Tkatschow, Viktor Tomaschuk, Luba Tulup, Sigmund Tuschinska, René-Yves Vitel, Boris Wenik, Walodja Woronzow, Anatoli Zebenko
Genja Woronez, born on 17.5.1944 in Hamburg, died on 8.9.1944
Essener Street 54
formerly camp Tannenkoppel, Weg 4, also called "Tarpenbek/ Forced labor camp of the armaments industry in Hamburg Langenhorn
Genja Woronez was born in Hamburg on May 17, 1944. His parents, Pauline Woronez, born on March 15, 1914 in Woronzi/Krs. Wilna, and Nikolai Woronez, were presumably of Russian Orthodox faith, registered as "Orthodox". Deported from their homeland Lithuania/Altima, they had to perform forced labor in Hamburg. Pauline Woronez arrived in Hamburg-Altona from the Neumünster transit camp in the 6th month of her pregnancy and was assigned to forced labor for H. v. Sintern & Co., Blechemballagenfabrik, at Schlageterstraße 147 (now Stresemannstraße) on February 16, 1944. Highly pregnant, she was transferred to the Tannenkoppel camp, Weg 4, in Hamburg-Langenhorn on April 5, 1944, for forced labor for Hanseatische Kettenwerk GmbH (HAK). Nikolai Woronez was also assigned there as a forced laborer.
Two days before the birth of her child, Pauline Woronez was admitted to Alsterdorf Hospital with a "sudden onset of illness." Her son was born by Caesarean section. After four weeks, on June 13, 1944, she and her son Genja were released back to the Tannenkoppel camp. There Genja had to spend the short time of his life. The nutritional and living conditions were completely inadequate for him.
On July 7, 1944, he was admitted to the Eppendorf University Hospital with "dyspepsia" (indigestion). According to the hospital list, he would have been released to the Tannenkoppel camp the following day. But this was not the case. One day later, on July 8, 1944, he was admitted to the Hamburg alternative hospital Wintermoor with the same diagnosis.
On July 8, 1944, he was admitted to the Hamburg hospital Wintermoor with the diagnosis "dyspepsia" (digestive disorder). There he died after one month, at 8:30 a.m. on August 8, 1944. The hospital death certificate states "dyspepsia" as the cause of death and v. d. Borg as the signing physician. In the death notice there is the imprint: "Krankenhaus-Sonderanlagen Aktion Brandt Anlage Wintermoor". This suggests that Genja was killed by deliberate neglect, by starvation, or by an overdose of medication.
(Another infant from "Camp Tannenkoppel", Serge Duvert, died there on the same day half an hour later, also with the indication "Aktion Brandt" in the death register).
Genja was 2 months, 3 weeks and 1 day old.
Eight days after his death, on August 16, 1944, his burial took place next to Serge Duvert in the Ohlsdorf cemetery, grave location: Q 39, row 5, no. 35. His grave is no longer preserved. At the end of 1959 it was levelled together with at least 146 graves of children of forced laborers on area Q 39.
In the "Brandt Action" led by Karl Brandt, General Commissar for Sanitary and Health Services, and named after him, patients were transferred from sanatoriums and nursing homes to other care facilities and alternative hospitals starting in 1943, officially to free up bed space for the increasing number of war casualties. In many cases, they were killed there by deliberate neglect, starvation or an overdose of medication. Aktion Brandt" is therefore referred to as "regionalized euthanasia" or "decentralized euthanasia". It was a successor to the "T 4 Action", the targeted "euthanasia" murder of psychiatric patients, which had been officially discontinued in August 1941 due to the resistance of church representatives of both denominations, parts of the population and some institutions.
Karl Brandt was sentenced to death in 1947 at the Nuremberg "Doctors' Trial" as one of the main perpetrators of Nazi "euthanasia" crimes and executed the following year.
The hospital ("Krankenhaus-Anlage-Wintermoor") was built in 1942/43 as a Hamburg alternative hospital with forced laborers, Soviet prisoners of war and Italian military internees, under the direction of the "Organisation Todt" (OT), a paramilitary special organization of the Nazi state that carried out construction projects important to the war effort.
After the accidental death of its founder and organizer Fritz Todt in February 1942, the leadership was transferred to Albert Speer, Reich Minister for Armaments and Munitions. Eleven Soviet prisoners of war out of about 100 prisoners of war from the subcamp StaLag (Stammlager) Sandbostel, who were housed in a wooden barrack in Ehrhorn and died during the construction of the Wintermoor hospital, are known by name. Polish forced laborers worked in the hospital in the kitchen and as cleaners.
Translation Beate Meyer
Stand: February 2023
© Margot Löhr
Quellen: Standesamt Hamburg 1 b, Geburtsregister 486/1944 Genja Woronez; StaH 131-1 II, 518 Listen der während des Zweiten Weltkrieges in Hamburg verstorbenen und beigesetzten ausländischen Zivilarbeiter, S. 85, S. 274; StaH 332-8, A 48 Alphabetische Meldekartei der Ausländer 1939–1945; Standesamt Ehrhorn/Krs. Soltau, Sterberegister 80/1944 Genja Woronez; StaH 332-8 Meldewesen, Hausmeldekartei, 741-4 Fotoarchiv, K 2425 Schlageterstraße 147; ITS Archives, Bad Arolsen, Copy of Krankenhausliste Krankenhaus Alsterdorf 22.214.171.124 / 77069594, Krankenhausliste Krankenhaus Wintermoor 126.96.36.199 / 70646191, Geburtsurkunde 188.8.131.52 / 77069594 Genja Woronez, Sterbeurkunde, Todesbescheinigung 184.108.40.206 / 77108188 Genja Woronez, DE ITS 220.127.116.11 HA 001 11 RUS ZM/70648585, DE ITS 18.104.22.168 HA 001 9 RUS ZM/70646463; www.zwangsarbeit-in-hamburg.de, eingesehen 17.2.2016; https://ar chiv-wintermoor.de/allgemein/zwangsarbeit, einges. 12.1.2017; www.gedenkorte-europa.eu/de_de/article-organisation-todt-ot.html, einges. 12.1.2017; Archiv Friedhofsverwaltung Ohlsdorf, Beerdigungsregister 1944.