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Amalie Delmonte (née Zechlinski) * 1883
Bundesstraße 35 (Eimsbüttel, Rotherbaum)
GEDEMÜTIGT / ENTRECHTET
FLUCHT IN DEN TOD
Amalie Delmonte, née Zechlinski/ Zichlinski, born 11.7.1883, humiliated/ disenfranchised, escaped to her death on 20.9.1940
Moses, called Martin, Delmonte, born 16.9.1868, deported 15.7.1942 to Theresienstadt, further deported 21.9.1942 to Treblinka and murdered
Bundesstraße 35 House B, Eimsbüttel
Amalie Zechlinski /Zichlinski was born in Hamburg on July 11, 1883, the second of three children of the Jewish couple Louis Lewin Zichlinski and Henriette Levi Feihsel, née Dammann. For Amalie's mother it was already the second marriage. She had been married in her first marriage to Rudolf Duks, who had died in London. They had a daughter Flora Duks (born Nov. 6, 1878). When Rudolf Duks died in London, Henriette Duks moved to Hamburg with her daughter. The second husband Louis Zichlinski adopted Flora Duks. (Louis Lewin Zichlinski died on May 2, 1886, Henriette Zichlinski on January 16, 1920. Both were buried in the Ilandkoppel Jewish Cemetery).
Amalie Zichlinski learned the profession of dressmaker as a young woman and earned a living doing so. She married the merchant Moses, called Martin, Delmonte on March 18, 1920 in Hamburg. (On the marriage certificate, Amalie's birth name was Zechlinski).
Martin Delmonte was the seventh of nine children born to Jehuda, called Julius, Delmonte and Betty, née Lövi, in Hamburg on 16 September 1868. Both parents had lived in Hamburg since the 1840s.
Martin Delmonte worked with his father in the cigar store, which was located at Marktstraße 21 (today Ehrenbergstraße, number 21 no longer exists).
In 1920, Amalie and Martin Delmonte moved into Bundestraße 35, house B, no. 21. The Delmonte couple paid a monthly rent of RM 4 for the Stift apartment with two rooms on the first floor, which was not increased in the following years. The reason: The Samuel Levy Foundation of 1896 kept 47 apartments for needy "Israelites", i.e. Jews, until 1942. (The foundation building was forcibly sold in 1942, served as a "Judenhaus" and after 1945 came back into the possession of the Jewish community. In 1970 it was demolished).
We do not know when Martin Delmonte started his own business as a cigar dealer. But he is said to have lost his business in 1923 due to inflation. In 1925, he took a job we don't know about, which enabled him to contribute to the living for himself and his wife and to pay money into the pension fund. Since he had already paid into the pension fund before becoming self-employed, he was only 1 ½ years short of becoming eligible for a pension.
In 1926, Amalie Delmonte worked as a seamstress at the Arendt company at Neuer Wall 35 in the Neustadt, thus also contributing to the family income.
But at the end of the 1920s, the couple could no longer support themselves for health reasons and had to apply for welfare support: Martin Delmonte had received an invalidity pension, presumably due to deafness, until April 1928, when the insurance company wanted to discontinue it. It rejected his appeal. Amalie Delmonte also received a pension due to an accident. It amounted to 36 RM. However, the couple could not live on this.
On May 31, 1928, a Dr. Lemke summarized their situation as follows: "Moses Delmonte, deaf and dumb and suffering from cataracts, was no longer able to carry out his work activities due to his increasing blindness. In August 1928, Amalie Delmonte, who was 45 years old, became so seriously ill with her hearing that she was henceforth listed in her medical records as hard of hearing. We do not know the cause of her hearing loss".
Based on this report, the Welfare Department granted the couple support benefits. Disability benefits were also restored.
Amalie Delmonte's health continued to deteriorate: a bilious condition, accompanied by dizzy spells, unconsciousness and falls, which then led to further injuries, made it impossible for her to work.
The couple received a combined disability and accident pension of RM 70 from the insurance company, which was, however, credited against welfare support. Despite the low rent, the support was not enough to cover daily living expenses and the cost of medication.
Amalie Delmonte therefore successfully applied for additional support from the Welfare Office on February 9, 1931, adding RM 8 per month. When this sum was then reduced again, the Jewish Community granted support in the form of a monthly food package in August of the same year, and the doctor Lemke asked the Welfare Office to grant the Delmonte couple full support again, since it was now hopeless for both spouses to find a job due to their health problems.
In the meantime, Amalie Delmonte could no longer pay the health insurance contribution for the AOK and resigned from the health insurance fund at the end of September 1931. She felt depressed and lapsed. On October 17, 1931, she attempted suicide with morphine, which failed. On February 5, 1932, she was admitted to the Harbor Hospital for another suicide attempt. At the end of 1932, a bleeding stomach ulcer was added to the illnesses. More suicide attempts followed.
In the meantime, Martin Delmonte could only take milk and liquid food. It turned out that he was suffering from an ulcer (ulcer).
Amalie Delmonte's health steadily deteriorated: her eyes became diseased, and in 1934 she suffered from complaints with her knee joints, biliousness and neuralgia. Since 1934 she needed a hearing tube because of her hearing loss. Because of the biliousness, she now had to follow a strict diet.
In 1939, the state welfare authority discontinued support for Jews and placed the burden on the Jewish communities. When Amalie Delmonte urgently needed dentures in March of that year and the dentist applied for them on her behalf, the welfare authority referred her to the Jewish Religious Association, as the Jewish community had to call itself in the meantime.
From 1940 she was then blind and almost completely deaf. As a result, she often fell and suffered bruises and broken bones. Martin Delmonte, himself not healthy and almost blind, cared for his wife as best he could.
On September 20, 1940, Amalie Delmonte made her fifth and final suicide attempt. She was admitted to the Israelite Hospital in Johnsallee, but the suicide committed with illuminating gas put an end to her life on September 20, 1940. Her remains were buried a few days later at the Jewish Cemetery Ilandkoppel in grave P1 - 156.
On March 10, 1942, Martin Delmonte had to move to the "Judenhaus" Kielortallee 22-24 in Eimsbüttel. There he received the deportation order for July 15, 1942. He had to report to the Altonaer Straße school on Sternschanze. With him, 925 people gathered in the schoolyard. The Altonaer Straße school was located very close to the Sternschanze train station. Hidden behind residential buildings, it was not visible from the street. Because of this shielded location, the schoolyard was declared by the Secret State Police in July 1942 to be the ideal gathering place for those Jews who, because of their age (over 65) or infirmity, had not been included in the transports to the East. Martin Delmonte, deaf, almost blind and 73 years old, was one of them.
The train left Hanover station at 8:45 in the morning of Wednesday, July 15, 1942, and arrived in Theresienstadt one day later. Martin's sister-in-law Sara Delmonte was also on the train. The journey ended at the Bauschowitz station. From there, despite the heat, the deportees had to carry their luggage 2.5 kilometers to the ghetto.
Martin Delmonte and his sister-in-law were further deported to the Treblinka extermination camp on September 21, 1942, where they were murdered.
On the fate of Martin Delmonte's siblings:
Jakob Delmonte (born Apr. 5, 1857) had married Sara, née Delmonte (born Apr. 26, 1860) in Hamburg on December 7, 1887. The couple had two daughters: Betty Olga Delmonte (born Apr. 12, 1889) and Simcha Erika Delmonte (born Aug. 1, 1895). Both emigrated to the USA. Jakob Delmonte died on April 27, 1923 in Hamburg and was buried in the Jewish Cemetery Ilandkoppel. Sara Delmonte was deported to Theresienstadt (see above) and murdered in Treblinka.
Flora Delmonte (born Jan. 24, 1861) had married the musician Arnold Müller (born July14, 1859) on August 10, 1885. They had two children: Otto Arthur Müller (born July 29, 1886) and Kätchen Sophie Müller (born Aug. 10, 1889). Arnold Müller died November 18, 1915 and was buried in the Jewish Cemetery Ilandkoppel. Flora Müller moved from Hamburg to Berlin in 1930, where her trace is lost.
Angela Delmonte (born Oct. 4, 1862) emigrated to America on May 31, 1893.
Jehudith Delmonte (born Aug. 11, 1864). We have no knowledge about Jehudith Delmonte.
Isaac Delmonte (born Nov. 21, 1866) had married the non-Jewish Anne Christine Marie Behrens (born Nov. 24, 1873) in Hamburg on November 11, 1899. He died on January 16, 1920 and was buried in the Bornkamp Jewish Cemetery in Hamburg.
Jette Delmonte (born June 22, 1872) had married Gottfried Kruse (born Aug. 13, 1865) in her first marriage. The marriage was divorced in 1903. In her second marriage, she married the non-Jewish Carl Ludwig Brunk (born Jan. 29, 1857) in Hamburg on April 5, 1904. Jette Brunk died on January 27, 1919.
On the fate of Amalie Delmonte's siblings
Half-sister Flora Zechlinsky/Zechlinski married the Swiss Charles Albert Reusser (born Dec. 10, 1887) on September 26, 1914. The couple had a daughter Karla Reusser. The marriage was divorced on March 28, 1941 in Hamburg. Flora resumed her maiden name Zechlinsky and fled with daughter Karla Reusser from Hamburg to Switzerland on April 12, 1943. They had Swiss citizenship through Charles Albert Reusser.
Brother Max Zichlinski (born Jan. 15, 1882) died on Nov. 4, 1882, and was buried in the Jewish Cemetery in Ottensen.
Brother Feodor Zichlinski (born Jan. 30, 1886) died March 20, 1886 and was buried in the Jewish Cemetery in Altona- Ottensen.
Translation by Beate Meyer
Stand: February 2022
© Bärbel Klein
Quellen: 1; 4; 5; 7; 8; 9; StaH 314-15_FVg 9064; 522-1_1010 port_5621/1861; 522-1_1010 port_5624/1864; 522-1_1010 port_5627/1866; 522-1_1010 port_5628/1868; 522-1_1010 port_5633/1872; 332-5_134/1882; 332-5_3352/1883; 332-5_5743/1884; 332-5_1500/1886; 332-5_3645/1886; 332-5_1042/1887; 332-5_1527/1887; 332-5_2088/1888; 332-5_264/1889;332 5_1202/1889; 332-5_2184/1889;332-5_816//1890; 332-5_588/1891;332-5_384/1891;332-5_717/1892; 332-5_1433/1893; 332-5_1726/1894; 332-5_1393/1896; 332-5_673/1899; 332-5_312/1904; 332-5_535/1909; 332-5_879/1910; 332-5_203/1911; 332-5_297/1911; 332-5_102/1919; 332-5_142/1920; 332-5_244/1923; 332-5_431/1938; 332-5_524/1939; 332-5_610/1940; 332-5_40/1941; 351-14.1088; 332-4_2735 Isaac Delmonte; 331-5 3 Akte_1925; 741-4_K4358, ITS Archives Bad Arolsen Digital Archive Copy of 220.127.116.11 / 7105 Archivnummer  und ; Im Jüdischen Hamburg, von Michael Studemund-Halevy, Hamburg 2011, S. 135; …man muss in die Hinterhöfe, Keller und Dachwohnungen gehen, Harald Jenner, Kirche und Stadt in Altona, Hamburg 1993, S. 42f;
www.wikipedea.de; www.geni.com; www.Ancestry.de (Einsicht 26.4.2020).
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