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Already layed Stumbling Stones

Norbert Jacoby * 1864

Beim Schlump 13 (Eimsbüttel, Eimsbüttel)

JG. 1864

further stumbling stones in Beim Schlump 13:
Sura Abrahamsohn, Sibille Jacoby

Sibille Jacoby, née Voss, born on 12 Feb. 1865, deported on 15 July 1942 to Theresienstadt, murdered on 31 July 1942 in Theresienstadt
Norbert Jacoby, born on 22 Mar. 1864, died on 1 June 1942 in Hamburg

Beim Schlump 13

Sibille (also Sibilla/ Sybille), née Voss (also Voos), and Norbert Jacoby spent only a short span of their lives in Hamburg.

Sibille Voss was born in Kerpen on 12 Feb. 1865, the youngest of six children of the Jewish couple Hermann Voss (also Voos) and Sophie Voss, née Mendel. Nothing is known about her childhood. She shortened her given name Sibille to "Bella.”

Jewish families had settled in her hometown of Kerpen as early as the mid-seventeenth century. When Sibille Voss was born, their number was about 150 persons.

Norbert Jacoby had been born in Boslar/ District of Jülich, 43 kilometers (nearly 27 miles) away, as the fifth of nine children on 22 Mar. 1864. His parents, also Jewish, were Raphael and Catharina Jacoby, née Selig. We do not know anything about his childhood and youth either.

Norbert Jacoby worked for the Jewish Community in Boslar as a "synagogue servant.” (The duties of a synagogue servant, also known as a shammes, correspond to those of a sexton in the Protestant church.)

The couple had married on 9 Feb. 1892 in Kerpen, just a few miles from Cologne. Immediately after the wedding, they settled in nearby Linnich/District of Jülich. Norbert Jacoby also worked there as a synagogue servant.

In Linnich, the couple had the children Caroline (born on 1 Mar. 1893) and Hermann (born on 25 Aug. 1894), daughter Friederike was subsequently born in Düsseldorf on 13 Oct. 1900.

Norbert Jacoby worked as a shammes in Düsseldorf, too, at Bilkerstrasse 25 until he retired. He then received a monthly pension of 165.05 RM (reichsmark) from the Jewish Community in Düsseldorf from about 1934.

The couple lived in Düsseldorf until the Nazi mob invaded their apartment on the night of the November Pogrom on 9 Nov. 1938, destroying it entirely and rendering it uninhabitable.

Therefore, on 13 Dec. 1938, Sibille and Norbert Jacoby moved in with their daughter Friederike Jacob (she had married Benno Jacob in the meantime) who resided in Hamburg. They lived at Beim Schlump 13. Then the Jacobys temporarily looked for a place to stay in the guesthouse operated by Bertha Markus at Hansastrasse 55/ Harvestehude.

They also opened a checking account at the Rotherbaum branch of Hamburg Sparkasse in Dec. 1938 and applied to transfer their money from Düsseldorf to Hamburg. Their account at the Düsseldorf Kreissparkasse showed a balance of 14,487 RM. The Hamburg Sparkasse reported this to the Chief Finance Administration (Oberfinanzdirektion) in Düsseldorf, which, however, refused to transfer the credit balance on 11 Jan. 1939.

Presumably for this reason, the Jacoby couple moved back in with their daughter in Jan. 1939. The Hamburg Sparkasse/Rotherbaum branch advised the couple to contact the Chief Finance Administration in Düsseldorf directly and to submit the application there again. However, on 6 Feb. 1939, to begin with, the latter issued a "security order” ("Sicherungsanordnung”). It granted the Jacobys a monthly sum of 500 RM to cover their living expenses and a one-time sum of 1,000 RM. Only then, on 15 Feb. 1939, was the credit transferred from the Kreissparkasse Düsseldorf to Hamburg.

At this time, the couple was able to look for an apartment, finding a suitable one at Klosterallee 24 in the upscale Harvestehude quarter.

On 26 Sept. 1939, they received a letter from the Chief Finance Administration with the requirement that they fill out a questionnaire and then return it by mail, in which they were to provide information about their financial expenditures. Failure to do so would result in a heavy fine. The Jacoby couple immediately complied with this letter. After examining their living expenses, the Chief Finance Administration, in a letter dated 20 Oct. 1939, only allowed them to use 350 RM per month from their savings and pension payments in the future.

In addition, Norbert Jacoby – like all Jews with corresponding assets – was to pay the "atonement payment” ("Sühneleistung”), the "levy on Jewish assets” ("Judenvermögensabgabe"), after the November Pogrom. On 1 Nov. 1939, he asked that the fifth installment of the "levy on Jewish assets” be waived for him. In the meantime, he had financially supported his children toward their escape to Brazil and the USA, which had considerably reduced his credit balance. We do not know whether the fifth installment for the "levy on Jewish assets” was indeed waived for him.

On 24 Mar. 1941, the Jacoby couple was forced to conclude a "home purchase agreement” (Heimeinkaufsvertrag) with the retirement home (Altenhaus) at Sedanstrasse 23. The retirement home at Sedanstrasse 23, which the Jewish Community had built at the time through an endowment from Hartwig von Essen and expanded in 1932, allowing it to accommodate more than 50 people, served during the Nazi era as a "Jews’ house” ("Judenhaus”), where elderly people like the Jacobys spent the time until their deportation to Theresienstadt.

According to the contract, the Jacoby couple was to transfer 5,000 RM from the blocked assets in the account with the Sparkasse to the account of the Jewish Religious Organization (Jüdischer Religionsverband), as the Jewish Community had to call itself by then, in return for room and board in the retirement home. Moreover, in the future, they were also to transfer to the latter their monthly retirement pension amounting to 165.05 RM. Even this involuntary transaction had to be applied for (on 3 Mar. 1941) and approval sought by the couple, which was granted on 24 March.

Norbert Jacoby died on 1 June 1942 in the Jewish Hospital on Johnsallee of an infection of the urinary tract in connection with uremia (renal insufficiency). He was buried a few days later in the Ilandkoppel Jewish Cemetery.

Sibille Jacoby received her deportation order at the retirement home for the first large-scale deportation to Theresienstadt. She had to report to the Altonaer Strasse school on Schanzenstrasse on 15 July 1942. It was summer vacation time in Hamburg. Therefore, the Gestapo used the school building on Schanzenstrasse to put their plans for the deportation of Jewish people into action. This was a so-called "transport of elderly people” ("Alterstransport”), for which those over 65 had previously been deferred. Sibille Jacoby, by then aged 77, was one of them.
The Deutsche Reichsbahn, the German Reich railroad corporation, had used third-class cars for the transport with identification number VI/1-402. Apart from Sibille Jacoby, another 925 persons sat tightly packed on simple wooden benches in the train. The train reached Theresienstadt around noon on 16 July 1942.

Sibille Jacoby survived the deportation by only a few days; she died on 31 July 1942. Stolpersteine for the couple Sibille and Norbert Jacoby were laid in front of their first residence in Hamburg, the apartment of their daughter, at Beim Schlump 13.

Details regarding the fate of the children of Sibille and Norbert Jacoby:
Hermann Jacoby (born on 25 Aug. 1894) died on 11 Jan. 1897 in Düsseldorf.

Carolina Jacoby (born on 1 Mar. 1893) married Seligmann Ehrlich on 6 Aug. 1920 in Düsseldorf. The couple emigrated to Brazil on 25 June 1939. Carolina Ehrlich died in Buenos Aires in 1974.

Friederike Jacoby (born on 13 Oct. 1900) married Leo Jacob (born on 13 May 1889) in Düsseldorf on 13 Dec. 1929, emigrating with her husband to the USA; he died in New York in 1943; in her second marriage, she married Benno Joseph (born on 1896), who died in New York on 27 Mar. 1969; Friederike Joseph passed away – also in New York – on 23 Dec. 2000.

Details on the fate of Norbert Jacoby’s siblings:
Alexander Jacoby (born on 27 Mar. 1860) died in Cologne on 18 Oct. 1905.

Jacob Jacoby (born on 21 Nov. 1861) married Henriette Herschel. He died on 6 Mar. 1862.

Emanuel Jacoby (born on 8 Apr. 1863) died on 13 May 1863.

Aaron Jacoby (born on 22 Jan. 1859), married Rosalie, née Salm, on 16 Aug. 1892. He died on 30 Mar. 1942 in Düren.

Theresia Jacoby (born on 22 Mar. 1864) lived in Düsseldorf. She perished in Theresienstadt on 12 Jan. 1943. A Stolperstein has not yet been planned in Düsseldorf.

Carolina Jacoby (born on 24 Jan. 1866) married on 3 Aug. 1889 (husband’s name unknown). She died on 13 Mar. 1914 in Johannistal near Suchtein.

Lisetta Jacoby (born on 16 Jan. 1871) married Louis Lazarus Lustig (born on 25 June 1878). She passed away on 3 Mar. 1949 in South Africa.

Helena Jacoby (born on 7 Nov. 1872); we do not know when she died.

Josef Jacoby (born on 24 Aug. 1874) and Emma Salm (born on 3 Oct. 1871), married since 5 Oct. 1899, had four children: Ernst Jacoby (born on 24 May 1900), Berta Jacoby (born on 31 Dec. 1901), Rudolph Jacoby (born on 7 Nov. 1904), and Hilde Jacoby (born on 21 May 1906). The couple was deported from Cologne to Theresienstadt on 16 June 1942. Joseph Jacoby died there on 3 Mar. 1943; Emma Jacoby was further deported to Auschwitz on 15 May 1944. Stolpersteine have not yet been planned.

Details concerning the fate of Sibille Jacoby’s siblings:
Salomon Voos (born on 5 June 1853) and Johanna, née Sommer (born on 20 June 1848), had four children. Salomon Voos/ Voss died on 7 Oct. 1919 in Kerpen; Johanna Voos, née Sommer, died on 2 Nov. 1928 in Kerpen.
Son Hermann (born on 19 Jan. 1884) married Helene, née Simon (born on 17 Aug. 1882), in 1924. They were murdered with their three children Sally Voos (born on 8 Sept. 1923), Arthur Voos (born on 18 Apr. 1925), and Johanna Voos (born on 11 June 1931) on 20 July 1942 in Minsk.
Daughter Margarethe Marianne Maryanna Voos (born on 13 July 1885), married to Salomon Heumann (born on 10 Jan. 1885), had daughter Selma Heumann (born on 26 Sept. 1917). Salomon Heumann was killed in action in France during World War I on 1 Apr. 1917. Selma was murdered in Chelmno, her mother Marianne Heumann on 18 Nov. 1941 in Lodz. Stolpersteine have not yet been planned in her hometown of Düren.
Daughter Sara Voss (born in 1886) died in Berrendorf in 1935.
Daughter Henriette Voos (born on 6 Sept. 1888) died in Cologne hospital on 22 May 1941.

In 1883, Sara Voss (born on 16 Nov. 1854) married in Linnich Heimann Lehmann, who died on 13 Jan. 1919. Sara Lehmann died on 13 Apr. 1941 in Linnich. She had a daughter Lina (born on 5 Aug. 1923) who was murdered at an unknown location in occupied Poland. A Stolperstein has not been planned so far.

Philipp Voss (born on 16 Dec. 1856) married in his first marriage in 1887 Else, née Wallich (born on 24 Apr. 1853), who died in Kerpen in 1889. In his second marriage, he married Julie Jeannette, née Cohen (born on 28 July 1863), in 1891. The couple lived in Kerpen and had three children. Philipp Voss was murdered in Theresienstadt on 3 Dec. 1942.
Daughter Amalie Voss (born on 5 Feb. 1888) married Joseph Capell (born on 23 Oct. 1880), who died on 31 Aug. 1936. Amalie Capell was murdered in Auschwitz.
Daughter Paula Voss (born on 7 Oct. 1892) married Hermann Kaufmann (born on 21 Apr. 1884). They were murdered in Minsk on 20 July 1942.
Son Heinrich Voss (born on 20 July 1896) was murdered in the Holocaust at the Mittelbau-Dora concentration camp in 1944.
Daughter Julie Jeannette Voss was deported to an unknown location in 1942.
Stolpersteine have not yet been planned in Kerpen.

Amalie (Maria) Voss (born on 13 Mar. 1859) married in Kerpen Sussmann Wolff (born on 5 Sept. 1864), who died in Kerpen on 23 June 1913. Amalie Wolff passed away on 6 Dec. 1922 in Kerpen. She was buried in the Jewish Cemetery in Kerpen. The couple had a son Max Wolff (born on 17 Sept. 1896), married to Hedwig Wolff (born on 20 Sept. 1893). Max Wolff was murdered in Minsk. A Stolperstein has not been planned yet.

Henriette Jeanette Voss (born on 7 Jan. 1863) was married since 1895 to Moses Voss (born on 31 May 1863), who died on 18 Dec. 1938 in Kerpen. Henriette Jeanette Voss was murdered in Theresienstadt on 8 Mar. 1945. A Stolperstein has not yet been planned.

Translator: Erwin Fink
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.

Stand: August 2021
© Bärbel Klein

Quellen: StaH 1; 2; 4; 5; 7; 8; 351-11_971; 741-4_K4459, 741-4_K 6299; 332-5_255/1942; ITS Archives Bad Arolsen Digital Archive Korrespondenzakte / 7105 Archivnummer [98257696] Einsicht am 7.3.2017; Gerd Friedt, Carpena Judaica, zum Schicksal der Kerpener Juden, erschienen 1.11.2008; Irmgard Stein, Jüdische Baudenkmäler in Hamburg, Hamburg 1984, S. 108; Alfred Gottwald und Diana Schulle, Die Judendeportationen aus dem Deutschen Reich, Wiesbaden 2005, S. 298; Gerd Friedt, Carpena Judaica, Selbstverlag des Vereins 2008, S. 387-391;;; (Einsicht am 19.12.2020).
Zur Nummerierung häufig genutzter Quellen siehe Link "Recherche und Quellen".

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