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Iwan Vogel * 1910
Bornstraße 25 (Eimsbüttel, Rotherbaum)
Hilde Vogel, born 12/16/1907, deported to Lodz on 10/25/1941
Iwan Isaak Vogel, born 2/18/1910, deported to Lodz on 10/25/1941, murdered at Buchenwald
The childless couple Hilde and Iwan Vogel lived in Oelkersallee, later in Hochallee. Iwan worked at the Victor Kaiser company in Rappstrasse. Nothing is known about their lives before they were deported to the "Litzmannstadt" ghetto they received the deportation order when they lived at Bornstrasse 25. A postcard dated to acquaintances in Hamburg dated May 13th, 1944 is the last sign of life from Hilde Vogel. "Dear Zimmets, she wrote, "I am happy to inform you that I am healthy and have work. Iwan also has work and is well. Please write back to me immediately when you know where my parents are. Best regards, your Frau Hilde Vogel". She probably never learned that her parents were already dead when she asked the question. Her father Louis Vogel had been deported to Theresienstadt on June 15th, 1942 and from there to Auschwitz on February 26th, 1944, her mother had died before his deportation. The address she gave was Litzmannstadt-G(hetto), Pfeffergasse 10/3 an.
While Hilde Vogel’s trace is lost in Theresienstadt, we know that her husband Iwan was displaced to other camps. The Czestochowa concentration camp approx. 200 km south of Warsaw was one of the later stages of his suffering. There, the HASAG (Hugo Schneider AG) company had erected an ammunition factory where approx. 3,000 Jews toiled under murderous conditions. Later, the same company opened a steel mill on the site, where another 500 to 1,000 Jews worked, Iwan Vogel probably among them. The steelworks were closed on January 16th, 1945, and the prisoners transferred to the Ravensbrück and Buchenwald concentration camps. Thus, Iwan Vogel arrived in Buchenwald with a large transport of 2,740 prisoners on January 18th, 1945. He was given the inmate number 115426, classified as "political prisoner” and assigned to the "Small camp” (camp 2 or quarantine camp). As his profession, the camp scribe wrote "silversmith.” On March 27th, 1945, there is a final entry with reference to Iwan Vogel as an inmate of Buchenwald in the "number book.” Soon after, the ”death marches” from the camp began. The more than 6,000 Jewish prisoners had to gather in a special area of the camp the evening before departure. The first columns left thee camp the morning of April 7th, 1945. It is not known when and where exactly Iwan Vogel died.
Translated by Peter Hubschmid
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
Stand: March 2019
© Beate Meyer
Quellen: StaH, 522-1, Jüdische Gemeinden, 992b, Kultussteuerkartei der Deutsch-Israelitischen Gemeinde Hamburgs; Hamburger jüdische Opfer des Nationalsozialismus; ebd., 522-1 Jüdische Gemeinden, Abl. 1993, Ordner 15; 522-1 Jüdische Gemeinden 992e; Gedenkbuch, Hamburg 1995; Diana Schulle, Auskunft v. 15.11.2005; KZ-Gedenkstätte Buchenwald, Auskunft v. 18.11.2005 (Thür. Hauptstaatsarchiv Weimar, Konzentrationslager Buchenwald, Häftlingsnummernkarte 115426, HKW Film 1 u. Nummernbuch KL. Lager, Aufst. Ankommender Transporte, NARA Washington RG 242, Film 16).