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Nelly Juda * 1887

Geffckenstraße 6 (Hamburg-Nord, Eppendorf)

1941 Lodz
1942 weiterdeportiert ???

further stumbling stones in Geffckenstraße 6:
Dr. Robert Bachmann, Friedrich Stern, Mathilde Stern

Nelly Juda, born on 13 Nov. 1887 in Kiel, deported on 25 Oct. 1941 to Lodz, deported further on 5 June 1942 to Chelmno

Geffckenstrasse 6

Nelly Juda was a daughter of the Jewish couple Abraham Juda and Eva, née Jacobsohn, residing in Kiel. The father was a native of the small town of Rogasen in what used to be the West Prussian Province of Posen, today Greater Poland Voivodeship. Nelly had one sister, Selma (born in Kiel in 1896).

Nelly remained unmarried. Selma was married to the merchant Isaac Graetz (born in 1885) and had two children with him, Margot (born in 1917) and Helmut (born in 1921). Later, the Juda and Graetz families settled in Hamburg.

Nelly led a very modest life working as a domestic help in changing families. After the marriage of her sister with Isaac Graetz had ended in divorce in 1934, Nelly became his "support” ("Stütze”) – thus the job designation on her Jewish religious tax (Kultussteuer) file card – i.e., she worked as his housekeeper, for free room and board at Bismarckstrasse 80 on the fourth floor. In addition, she received an allowance of 5 RM (reichsmark). With Isaac Graetz, she moved to Grindelallee 176 in 1938. She now received a monthly pay of 20 RM. In Aug. 1939, just before the start of the war, Isaac Graetz managed to flee to Shanghai. His children Margot and Helmut were lucky in a similar way. They reached the USA in 1937 and 1938, respectively.
Nelly’s parents and her sister Selma had died in the meantime.

Nelly was now alone and practically destitute. Eventually she found accommodation with the Hess family at Geffckenstrasse 6.

From there, she was deported to Lodz on 25 Oct. 1941. The list of occupants in the ghetto notes: "Reitergasse no. 9: Juda, Nelly – expelled on 5 June 1942.” Her name is crossed out. And "expelled” ("ausgewiesen”) means: Transport for killing to the Chelmno extermination camp.

Translator: Erwin Fink

Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.

Stand: October 2016
© Johannes Grossmann

Quellen: 1; 4; 5; 8; StaH 522-1 Jüd. Gemeinden, 992e2 Band 1; Archiwum Panstwowe, Lodz (Getto-Archiv), Einwohnerliste, PL-39-278-1049-106.tif.
Zur Nummerierung häufig genutzter Quellen siehe Recherche und Quellen.

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