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Paul Grünewald * 1890
Grindelallee 132 (Eimsbüttel, Rotherbaum)
ermordet Dezember 1941
Paul Grünewald, b. 8.29.1890 in Hamburg, deported to Minsk on 11.8.1941, murdered
The commercial clerk and bearer of the Honor Cross (2nd class), as a participant in the First World War, Paul Grünewald, was the son of Bendix and Pauline, née Pohly. His father, born on 22 May 1844 in Schildesche near Bielefeld, died on 16 January 1919 in Hamburg, and was a dealer. His mother, born 8 November 1851, came from Bremke near Göttingen. He had six siblings: three brothers, two of whom died in the First World War, and three sisters. He belonged to the Jewish Congregation of Hamburg since 1919.
Paul Grünewald was single and in 1939, at 49 years of age, became unemployed. The Communal Religion Tax record noted on 26 January 1939, "emigration to Shanghai?” Apparently, this fell through. A second attempt through the Benefit Society of German Jews was scheduled for 15 March 1941, and the Financial Authority Office had issued a clearance certificate. However, this departure also came to nothing.
There existed a criminal file for Paul Grünewald. From this it is learned that, in the context of a spring 1940 divorce suit (Manual vs. Alwine Neugarten: see their biographies in "Stolpersteine in Hamburg-Eimsbüttel und Hamburg-Hoheluft-West" and at www. stolpersteine-hamburg.de) that he was charged according to §3.4 of the ordinance concerning identity cards with having not "adopted the Jewish forename Israel.” On 17 July 1940, he was sentenced to a fine of RM 20 or four days in jail. He had no assets. For RM 5 a week, he rented a furnished room from Bruno and Clara Cohn at Grindelallee 132 (see the sources cited above). In 1938, his unemployment support was RM 12.10, leaving him RM 7 to live on.
Because the Gestapo deportation list entered "dead” after his name, it is to be presumed that Paul Grünewald died on the transport to Minsk on 8 November 1941 and that the handwritten notation was entered upon his arrival.
Translator: Richard Levy
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
© Dieter Wolf
Quellen: 1; 5; StaH 213-11 Staatsanwaltschaft beim Landgericht 4398/40; digitales Archiv IST Bad Arolsen, Teilbestand 22.214.171.124.Dok.ID 11197713 Transportlisten Gestapo mit dem Vermerk: "gest.".
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