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Ludmilla Nividowa * 1944

Oesterleystraße 77 (Altona, Blankenese)

GEB. 12.10.1944
VERLEGT 23.10.1944
ERMORDET 5.1.1945

further stumbling stones in Oesterleystraße 77:
Maria Nividowa

Ludmilla Nividowa, born 12.10.1944 in Hamburg, Frauenklinik Finkenau, transferred 23.10.1944 Hospital Wintermoor, murdered 5.1.1945

Maria Nividowa, born 8.2.1925 in Gorki/Russia, since February 1944 forced labor private household, fate unknown

Oesterleystraße 77

Ludmilla Nividowa was born in Hamburg on October 12, 1944. Her mother Maria Nividowa (born 8.2.1925 in Gorki), was married and presumably of Russian Orthodox faith, registered as "Orthodox". Her husband is not known. In the alien registration file she is listed as a "student". Deported from her home in Gorki/Russia to Hamburg, she was forced to perform forced labor for the German Labor Front in the DAF camp Waltershof from February 26, 1944, when she was in the first month of her pregnancy.

On March 7, 1944, 19-year-old Maria Nividowa was transferred to Hamburg-Blankenese for forced labor with Fritz Dorn, director of the Neue Sparkasse von 1864, in the privately occupied villa at Oesterleystraße 77, property of the Neue Sparkasse von 1864.
On July 7 of the same year, Maria Nividowa came to Hamburg-Mitte to Ferdinandstraße 5, the address of the Neue Sparkasse von 1864.

One month before the birth of her child, Maria Nividowa was admitted to the Frauenklinik Finkenau, Hamburg-Uhlenhorst, on September 11, 1944. Eleven days after delivery, Maria Nividowa and her daughter Ludmilla, also called Lucie, were transferred to the Wintermoor hospital on October 23, 1944.

According to the hospital list, Ludmilla was admitted to Wintermoor Hospital with the diagnosis "pneumonia empyema" (pneumonia pus collection) on January 4, 1945, with the additional note "mother here." According to this, her mother would have remained in the hospital since October. It is not clear from the documents where Ludmilla was in the meantime.

One day after her admission, on January 5, 1945 at 0:45 a.m., Ludmilla died in "Ehrhorn, Kreis Soltau, Krankenhaus-Sonderanlagen, Aktion Brandt Anlage Wintermoor." The cause of death is listed in the death certificate as "pleurisy" and it is also noted that doctor Thiessen had been treating her since December 27, 1944. In the death register, the cause of death is "pleurisy."

Ludmilla was 2 months, 3 weeks and 3 days old.

The imprint in the death notice: "Krankenhaus-Sonderanlagen Aktion Brandt Anlage Wintermoor" suggests that Ludmilla was killed by deliberate neglect, by starvation, or by an overdose of medication. (Another infant, Serge Duvert, from the "Tannenkoppel camp," also died on the same day half an hour after Ludmilla. "Aktion Brandt" is also given for him in the death register. See

She was buried in the Waldfriedhof Wintermoor, grave location W 79.
The further fate of her mother Maria Nividowa is unknown so far.

In "Aktion Brandt," headed by Karl Brandt, General Commissar for Sanitary and Health Services, and named after him, patients were transferred from sanatoriums and nursing homes to other care facilities and alternative hospitals beginning in 1943, officially to free up places for the increasing number of war wounded.
In many cases, they were killed there by deliberate neglect, starvation or an overdose of medication. "Aktion Brandt" is therefore referred to as "regionalized euthanasia" or "decentralized euthanasia." It was a successor to the "T 4 Action", the targeted "euthanasia" murder of psychiatric patients, which had been officially discontinued in August 1941 due to the resistance of church representatives of both denominations, parts of the population and some institutions.
Karl Brandt was sentenced to death in 1947 at the Nuremberg "Doctors' Trial" as one of the main perpetrators of Nazi "euthanasia" crimes and executed the following year.

The Hospital Wintermoor ("Krankenhaus-Anlage-Wintermoor") was built in 1942/43 as a Hamburg alternative hospital by forced laborers, Soviet prisoners of war and Italian military internees, under the direction of the "Organisation Todt" (OT), a paramilitary special organization of the Nazi state that carried out construction projects important to the war effort. After the accidental death of its founder and organizer Fritz Todt in February 1942, the leadership was transferred to Albert Speer, Reich Minister for Armaments and Munitions. Eleven Soviet prisoners of war out of about 100 prisoners of war from the subcamp StaLag (Stammlager) Sandbostel, who were housed in a wooden barrack in Ehrhorn and died during the construction of the Wintermoor hospital, are known by name. Polish forced laborers worked in the hospital in the kitchen and as cleaners.

Fritz Dorn, b. 1904, Osterleystraße 77, since 1931 district leader of the NSDAP, 1938 Standartenführer der Reiter-SS, 1938 in the Reichsjuristenbund and NS Reichsbund für Leibesübungen; Until 1934 departmental director of the Hamburger Sparkasse von 1827, then advisor to the Deutsche Sparkassen Giroverband in Berlin, then management and director of the Neue Sparkasse von 1864 Hamburg; since 1936 owner of a 3000 sq.m. residential property in Wellingsbüttel, Buchtstraße 22, and an undeveloped 4800 sq.m. property in Poppenbüttel. In June 1945, Fritz Dorn was interned by the British Military Government; in July 1948, he was sentenced by the Spruchgericht to one year in prison and a fine of DM 3000; in June 1949, the Denazification Commission forbade him to hold an executive position or work in the private sector and blocked his bank accounts; he received a fine of DM 1000. He admitted, among other things, to having arranged for arrests of his employees. From January to December 1947 he was imprisoned in Camp Eselheide; in May 1949 he was reclassified as Category III (Minderbelastete). (Source: StaH 221-11 Denazification File, M 2417)

Käthe Thiessen, Dr., born 1911, lived n Hamburg, Ericastraße 98, since 1933 member of the NSDAP, since 1931 Scharführerin at the Hitler Youth (HJ), from 1931-1936 referent for female labor service at the National Socialist Student Union (NSDStB) and the German Student Union; 1935/36 referent for medicine. From August 1937 volunteer physician at the Children's Clinic of the University Hospital Eppendorf, in between 1939 at the University Hospital Bologna, from September 1938 as scientific assistant at the University Hospital Eppendorf. In November 1945 she was dismissed by the British Military Government. The Denazification Commission classified her in category V (exonerated) in July 1947, so she was no longer subject to employment restrictions. (Source: StaH 221-11 Denazification, 70013)

Translation Beate Meyer

Stand: February 2023
© Margot Löhr

Quellen: Standesamt Hamburg-Uhlenhorst, Geburtsregister 1804/1944 Ludmilla Nividowa; StaH 332-8, A 48 Alphabetische Meldekartei der Ausländer 1939–1945, 741-4 Fotoarchiv, K 4599; Krankenhaus-Sonderanlagen in Ehrhorn/Kreis Soltau, Sterberegister 4/1945 Ludmilla Nividowa; Krankenhaus-Sonderanlagen Aktion Brandt, Anlage Wintermoor Todesbescheinigung 4/1945 Ludmilla Nividowa; StaH 332-8, A 48 Alphabetische Meldekartei der Ausländer 1939–1945, 741-4 Fotoarchiv, K 4599; ITS Archives, Bad Arolsen, Copy of Krankenhausliste Frauenklinik Finkenau / 70646056, Krankenhausliste Krankenhaus Wintermoor Copy of / 70646190, Sterbeurkunde / 77096005 Ludmilla Nividowa, Todesbescheinigung / 76823990 Ludmilla Nividowa , DE ITS NI 063 4 RUS/70742304/70742316;äler_in_Hamburg-Blankenese, eingesehen 8.9.2018. NI 063 4 Informationen über Gräber von Ausländern im Kreis Soltau / NI 063 4 RUS Nationalität/Herkunft der aufgeführten Personen: Russisch / DE ITS NI 063 4 RUS/707423004.

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