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Baszion Aron (née Heimann) * 1893
Grindelberg 74 A (Eimsbüttel, Harvestehude)
LODZ / LITZMANNSTADT
ERMORDET SEPT. 1942
CHELMNO / KULMHOF
Siegmund Aron, born on 9 May 1883, deported on 25 Oct. 1941 to Lodz/"Litzmannstadt,” murdered on 4 Sept. 1942
Baszion Aron, née Heimann, born on 4 Mar. 1893, deported on 25 Oct. 1941 to Lodz/"Litzmannstadt,” murdered in Sept. 1942 in Chelmno/Kulmhof
Grindelberg 74 a, Eimsbüttel
Siegmund Aron was born on 9 May 1883 in Hamburg at Steindamm 43 as the fourth child of the Jewish couple Abraham Aron and Judith, née Cassuto. (Abraham Aron died on 2 Jan. 1936, his wife Judith on 24 June 1942, both in Hamburg. The couple was buried in the Ilandkoppel Jewish Cemetery).
Siegmund Aron attended the Talmud Tora School from 1890 to 1900 and graduated by completing the grade 11 leaving examination (Obersekundarreife). He grew up in a very consciously religious Sephardic family. On 1 Apr. 1901, he began an apprenticeship as a bank clerk with the Warburg Bank at Ferdinandstrasse 72-73. Apparently, his employer took him on after his apprenticeship.
Siegmund Aron had married Alice, née Goldschmidt, a native of Strasbourg, in Hamburg on 31 Dec. 1917. The couple lived with his parents at Rutschbahn 25 until 1918 and moved to Grindelhof 66 on the ground floor in 1919, where they remained until 1933.
Alice Aron, also of Jewish descent, was born on 9 Feb. 1897 to Felix Goldschmidt and Helena Goldschmidt, née Wreschner. We know nothing about her childhood and possible training.
The couple had four children in Hamburg: Waldemar Wolf on 11 Oct. 1918; Herbert on 30 Jan. 1920; Ruth on 2 Feb. 1922, and Manfred on 9 Nov. 1924. All children received a good school education and further training, which they had to quit at the end of the 1930s due to Nazi persecution.
By 1928 at the latest, Siegmund Aron worked in the "Nostro Buchhaltung,” i.e., he was responsible for the management of the Warburg Bank’s in-house accounts; in particular, he took care of the joint accounts with other banks, the so-called meta-business. He remained with the Warburg Bank until he was dismissed from his position in 1938 after the November Pogrom and the "Aryanization” of the bank.
The Aron family members maintained close relations with each other. This proved effective when Siegmund’s sisters Charlotte and Helene lost their spouses and, as mentioned above, their father as well. David Rabi, husband of Helene, née Aron, had already died on 12 Nov. 1928. Charlotte lost her husband, Abraham Bravo, on 26 June 1936. The doctor in charge diagnosed bronchopneumonia (pneumonia) as the cause of death.
The women, who were left penniless, henceforth had to rely on the support of their brother Siegmund Aron. As an employee at the Warburg Bank, he was able to help support his mother Judith Aron, his mother-in-law Helena Goldschmidt, and his two sisters, something the Jewish Community of Hamburg noted on his Jewish religious tax (Kultussteuer) file card. The women lived at Brahmsallee 16/Harvestehude.
Siegmund Aron divorced Alice on 8 Nov. 1933, and she died three days later of a heart attack in Hamburg at Rutschbahn 31. She was buried in the Ilandkoppel Jewish Cemetery on 10 Nov. 1933.
Siegmund Aron married his second wife Baszion, née Heimann, in Hamburg on 31 May 1934, and lived with her in Hamburg at Rutschbahn 31/Rotherbaum until 1940. Baszion was born in Hamburg on 4 Mar. 1893, the seventh of ten children of the Jewish couple Sally Heimann and Hanna, née Schlesinger. (Sally Heimann died on 3 Sept. 1921 and he was buried in the Langenfelde Jewish Cemetery. Hanna Heimann was deported to Theresienstadt on 15 July 1942, and perished there on 6 Sept. 1942. A Stolperstein for her is located at Rutschbahn 11/Rotherbaum. See www.stolpersteine-hamburg.de).
All we know about Baszion Aron’s childhood is that she grew up in a very religious Sephardic family. We do not know what schooling she received or whether she completed any training.
According to the directory, Siegmund and Baszion Aron moved to Grindelberg 74a/Rotherbaum in 1940.
As was the case with all Jews, they were also subject to the restrictions and prohibitions imposed by the Nazi government. Thus, they had to hand over their valuables, and Siegmund Aron received only a small sum of money in return. At this time, they also had to wear the "Jews’ star” starting on 19 Sept. 1941.
They received the deportation order for the first large transport from Hamburg, i.e., they were sent to the Lodz/”Litzmannstadt” Ghetto on 25 Oct. 1941.
Regarding Siegmund Aron, we know that he died there on 4 Sept. 1942.
Baszion Aron wrote one last postcard on 5 Feb. 1942 under her Lodz Ghetto address of Alexanderhofstrasse 15-22. Her "resettlement date” from Lodz was noted on the postcard as 23 Sept. 1942: She was murdered in 1942, probably in late September, at the nearby Chelmno/Kulmhof extermination site.
Details on the fate of the children of Siegmund and Alice Aron:
Waldemar Wolf Aron (born on 11 Oct. 1918) fled to Britain in 1938 and moved to Palestine in 1939. There he had two children with his wife Ruth.
Herbert Aron (born on 30 Jan. 1920) fled to Britain in 1938 and moved to Palestine in 1941. There he changed his name to Jehuda Aharon and completed a commercial apprenticeship. With his wife Nora Doris, née Rothschild (born on 6 Mar. 1925), he had the children Bat-Zion (born on 31 May 1948), Netaniel (born on 23 June 1951), and Chad (born on 2 July 1959).
Ruth Aron (born on 2 Feb. 1922) reached Britain on a "children transport” (Kindertransport) in Dec. 1938. In 1940 and 1941, she lived there in a children’s home. She too then immigrated to Palestine and in 1950, she married in Jerusalem Julius Cohn, who had survived a concentration camp in Bratislava (Slovakia). They had the children Schmuel and Zipora (both born on 20 Jan. 1951).
Manfred Aron (born on 9 Nov. 1924), who had emigrated to Britain with his sister Ruth, accompanied her to Palestine. On 24 May 1955, he married Karin, née Joshua, in Jerusalem, whom he later divorced. The couple had children Moshe Menachem (born on 22 July 1956), Shifra (born on 25 July 1957), and Chana (born on 2 Sept. 1960). He entered into a second marital union with Chaim, née Paritzky, on 12 Jan. 1964 in Jerusalem.
Information regarding the fate of Siegmund Aron’s siblings:
Judith Aron was stillborn on 10 Apr. 1878 and buried in the Jewish Cemetery in Ottensen.
Helene Aron (born on 29 Jan. 1879, married David Rabi in Hamburg on 26 May 1922, who died in 1928 – as mentioned above – and was buried in the Ilandkoppel Jewish Cemetery on 12 Nov. 1928. Helene Rabi was deported to Minsk on 18 Nov. 1941. She has been commemorated by a Stolperstein at Rutschahn 16 (see www.stolpersteine-hamburg.de).
Charlotte Aron (born on 11 Aug. 1880) married Abraham Haim Bravo on 27 Oct. 1924 in Hamburg. The marriage remained childless. He died – as mentioned above – on 26 June 1936 in Hamburg and she was buried in the Ilandkoppel Jewish Cemetery. Charlotte Bravo, too, was deported to Minsk on 18 Nov. 1941. A Stolperstein for her is located at Rutschbahn 16. (see www.stolpersteine-hamburg.de)
Details on the fate of the siblings of Baszion Aron, née Heimann:
Adele Heimann (born on 23 Oct. 1889) died in Hamburg on 13 Nov. 1891 and she was buried in the Langenfelde Jewish Cemetery.
Blüme Heimann (born on 21 Sept. 1891) died on 27 May 1892 in Hamburg and she was buried in the Langenfelde Jewish Cemetery.
One child (born on 28 Oct. 1896) was stillborn and buried in the Langenfelde Jewish Cemetery.
David Heimann (born on 10 Nov. 1897) died in Hamburg on 25 Apr. 1899 and he was buried in the Langenfelde Jewish Cemetery.
David (born on 10 Nov. 1887) died on 25 Apr. 1899 in Hamburg and he was buried in the Langenfelde Jewish Cemetery.
Magnus (born on 25 Jan. 1899), died on 25 Apr. 1914 in Hamburg and he was buried in the Langenfelde Jewish Cemetery.
Betty Heimann (born on 7 Sept. 1888) married Samuel Bari in Hamburg on 1 Aug. 1913. The couple had nine children. They were deported to Theresienstadt with their two youngest children Magnus (born on 19 Dec. 1927) and Mirjam (born on 25 Feb. 1929) on 15 July 1942. Magnus and Mirjam Bari were liberated by the Allies on the death march to Flossenbürg.
Betty and Samuel Bari were liberated in Theresienstadt at the end of the war.
Stolpersteine are planned for the couple Betty and Samuel Bari and for the children Magnus and Mirjam at Bogenstrasse 24.
Joseph Hesekel Heimann (born on 27 Oct. 1890) married Gretchen, née Weichselbaum (born on 16 Nov. 1902). They had children Betty (born on 20 Jan. 1934), Sophie (born on 25 Dec. 1934), Abraham Sally (born on 9 Mar. 1936), Jacob (on 30 July 1937), and Menachem (born on 18 Sept. 1938). The couple fled with their children to Palestine in 1939.
Sarah Heimann (born on 30 Sept. 1894) was deported to Auschwitz on 11 July 1942 and murdered there.
A Stolperstein for her is located at Durchschnitt 1/Rotherbaum (see www.stolpersteine-hamburg.de).
Benzion Heimann (born on 8 Sept. 1895) married Sara, née Schenkolewski (born on 7 Feb. 1904) in Hamburg. They had the children Gella (born on 3 June 1928), Rahel (born on 21 Dec. 1929), Frieda (born on 1 Aug. 1931), Abraham Sally (born on 21 Jan. 1933), Wolf (born on 7 Jan. 1934), Adele (born on 5 May 1936), and Lea (born on 12 Nov. 1937). The couple fled with their children to Palestine in 1939.
Translator: Erwin Fink
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
Stand: May 2021
© Bärbel Klein
Quellen: StaH, 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 213-13_11401 Betty Bari; 213-13_11410 Max und Lea Jakob; 213-13_11911 Siegmund Aron; 213-13_14126 Siegmund Aron; 213-13_20649 Siegmund Aron; 213-13_25166 Hanna Heimann; 213-13_15574 Schlesinger; 213-13_18398 Schlesinger/ Hertz; 351-11_773 Hanna Heimann; 351-14_923 Mendel Bari; 351-11_1418 Sarah Heimann; 351-11_3846 Max und Lea Jakob; 351-11_4025 Max und Lea Jakob; 351-11_6262 Siegmund Aron; 351-11_17239 Sarah Heimann; 351-11_28287 Sarah Heimann, 351-11_29263 Max und Lea Jakob; 351-11_31483 Max und Lea Jakob; 351-11_34415 Leo Scharf/ Bari; 351-11_39950 Betty Bari; 351-11_43491 Siegmund Aron; 351-11_45006 Siegmund Aron; 351-11_45292 Betty Bari; 351-11_46576 Siegmund Aron; 351-11_47565 Betty Bari; 351-11_46727 Betty Bari; 351-11_46728 Betty Bari; 351-11_48259 Sarah Heimann; 332-5_1650/1878; 332-5_3030/1878; 332-5_502/1879; 332-5_3331/1880; 332-5_156/1882; 332-5_2026/1883; 332-5_1011/1887; 332-5_4321/1888; 332-5_4437/1889; 332-5_4486/1890; 332-5_2717/1891; 332-5_4729/1891; 332-5_1356/1892; 332-5_3529/1894; 332-5_105/1895; 332-5_3034/1895; 332-5_1136/1896; 332-5_1394/1896; 332-5_1862/1896; 332-5_1167/1897; 332-5_589/1898; 332-5_2062/1899; 332-5_3516/1899; 332-5_1554/1900; 332-5_84/1902; 332-5_7/1904; 332-5_2473/1904; 332-5_154/1906; 332-5_789/1906; 332-5_297/1911; 332-5_210/1913; 332-5_780/1914; 332-5_232/1917; 332-5_290/1917; 332-5_468/1921; 332-5_265/1922; 332-5_363/1922; 332-5_873/1928; 332-5_433/1933; 332-5_508/1933; 332-5_233/1934; 332-5_3/1936; 332-5_235/1936; 332-5_402/1939; 332-5_505/1939; 332-5_572/1940; 332-5_48/1941; 332-5_209/1941; 332-5_294/1942; 522-1_1035; ITS Archives Bad Arolsen Digital Archive Korrespondenzakte 184.108.40.206/ 7105 Archivnummer  Einsicht am 7.3.2017; Arolsen Digital Archive Korrespondenzakte 220.127.116.11/ 7105 Archivnummer  Einsicht am 7.3.2017; Unterlagen der Warburg Bank Einsicht 24.01.2017; www.Wikipedea; www.Ancestry.de; www.geni.com (Zugriff 20.9.2020).