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Rosa Bauer (née Flörsheim) * 1879
Bundesstraße 35 (Eimsbüttel, Rotherbaum)
1944 weiterdeportiert nach Auschwitz
Rosa Bauer, née Flörsheim, born on 14 Apr. 1879 in Rotenburg/Fulda, deported to Theresienstadt on 15 July 1942, murdered in Auschwitz on 15 May 1944
Bundesstraße 35, Rotherbaum
Rosa Bauer was born as Rosa Flörsheim in Rotenburg/Fulda. She had four siblings, the brothers Willy, Julius, and Joseph, as well as sister Frieda. Frieda died already when she was still a child, and Willy was killed in Flanders during World War I in 1916. After the war, the brothers Julius and Joseph operated Flörsheim Bros. in Rotenburg, founded in 1906. It was a mail-order company for textiles and yard goods. The family home also accommodated a small store. During the "Third Reich,” Joseph succeeded in fleeing to South Africa, while Julius was killed in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in 1941. For him, a Stolperstein was laid in Rotenburg. However, he had not lived there in the period up to the November Pogrom of 1938, instead already relocating to Leipzig after 1933.
In her native town of Rotenburg, Rosa Flörsheim celebrated her wedding with Sallis Bauer on 8 July 1902. The two had become engaged in Mar. of that year. Sallis Bauer was born on 20 Apr. 1864 in Rendsburg and died on 10 Feb. 1942 in Hamburg. His parents were Markus Bauer and Emma, née Meyer.
Rosa and Sallis Bauer had four children: Manfred (born in 1903), Ella (born in 1905), Herbert (born in 1910), and Alice (born in 1912). All of the children managed to leave Germany, subsequently living in Australia. Herbert Bauer changed his name to Herbert Bower. Upon getting married, Ella’s last name was Baumgarten, while Alice’s last name was Cooke.
Sallis Bauer managed a wholesale trade for knitwear and hosiery goods in the rear building of ABC-Straße 56/57. Initially, the family lived at Hallerplatz 10, later at Fröbelstraße 12, house A, third floor to the right, in a four-bedroom apartment. Today, Fröbelstraße no longer exists in its original layout, and the houses have not remained intact either.
Starting in 1931, the couple received welfare assistance. At the time, Sallis Bauer was 67 years old. In 1926, his business still appeared in the phone directory but in the course of the economic crisis, he probably had been forced to give it up definitively. After the war, the children declared, "My parents owned a completely furnished four-bedroom apartment at Fröbelstraße 12 in the period from 1933 until early 1940. Subsequently, they moved to the Samuel-Levy-Stift where they were able to live without paying rent and received social assistance by the Israelitic Community, since my father was no longer able to earn an income.”
Deported from the Samuel-Levy-Stift at Bundesstraße 35 to Theresienstadt on 15 July 1942, Rosa was transported from there to Auschwitz on 15 May 1944 and murdered. Her household effects were auctioned off in Hamburg on 17 Sept. 1942 by an auctioneer named Landjunk.
Translator: Erwin Fink
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
© Susanne Lohmeyer
Quellen: 1; 5; 7; StaH 351-11 AfW, AZ140479; HAB II 1904, 1916, 1926; HAB IV 1919; Hans Flörsheim, Über die Pyrenäen in die Freiheit.