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Käte (Käthe) Oppenheim * 1909
Gneisenaustraße 41 (Eimsbüttel, Hoheluft-West)
Hedwig Hanna Oppenheim, née Meyer, born 13 Mar. 1888 in Wandsbek (Hamburg), deported 8 Nov. 1941 to Minsk
Käthe (Käte) Oppenheim, born 3 Oct. 1942 in Hamburg, fled to the Netherlands in spring 1939, deported 14 Aug. 1942 (30 Aug. 1942) to Auschwitz and murdered
Else (Käthe) Andriesse, née Oppenheim, born 21 Oct. 1911 in Hamburg, fled to the Netherlands, arrested 23 June 1943 in Westerbork, deported from there 5 Apr. 1944 to Theresienstadt, 1 Oct. 1944 to Auschwitz then to the Gross-Rosen concentration camp, died there 18 Jan. 1945
Harald Harry Oppenheim, born 24 Nov. 1924 in Hamburg, deported 8 Nov. 1941 to Minsk
Hedwig Hanna – or Hanna Hedwig, the records are inconsistent – Oppenheim’s maiden name was Meyer, and her deceased first husband’s name was Halberstadt. On 21 August 1923 she married the Jewish businessman Ludwig Oppenheim (*31 Oct. 1872 in Hamburg), who was sixteen years her elder. At that time she already lived at Gneisenaustraße 41. She was the traveling salesman’s third wife. He died in August 1938. He had four children from his first marriage to Eduardine Sophie Nathan (died 1916): Norbert, Max, Käthe and Else. Hedwig Hanna and Ludwig had a son, Harald, in November 1924.
In the 1920s, Hedwig Hanna Halberstadt had a wholesale business for light bulbs on Gneisenaustraße. She probably inherited the business from her late husband. We do not know when the business was started. After the death of her second husband, Ludwig Oppenheim, she received welfare subsidies, beginning in 1939. Her profession was listed as "domestic servant” on the deportation list – perhaps she was a maid. In 1939 she and her son Harald Harry lived at Grindelberg 7a, later they were forced to move to Kielortallee 24. She and her son were deported to the Minsk ghetto on 8 November 1941. After that all traces are lost.
Ludwig Oppenheim’s eldest daughter Käthe (born 1909) worked as a shop assistant before she fled to the Netherlands in the spring of 1939. In May 1939 she was registered as a resident of Amsterdam. She sometimes worked as household help for her married sister. On 15 July 1942 she was sent to the Westerbork transit camp. She was registered there and then deported to Auschwitz on the first transport. She was declared dead on 30 Sep 1942.
Ludwig Oppenheim’s daughter Else (born 1911) was a milliner. She fled to Amsterdam in June 1936, and was officially registered as a resident of the city on 30 June. It seems that she called herself Käthe in the Netherlands. (Her older sister Käthe now wrote her name as "Käte”.) She married Paul Andriesse on 7 Jan. 1942. She and her husband ran a small home for the elderly in their house on Courbetstraat 9. She was able to employ her older sister there as household help. Later Else Käthe Andriesse-Oppenheim made and sold ladies’ hats. Her last address in Amsterdam was Afrikanerplein 5 II. On 23 June 1943 she and her husband were sent to the Westerbork transit camp. She was deported to Theresienstadt on 5 April 1944, and from there to Auschwitz on 1 October 1944. She died in January 1945 in the Gross Rosen concentration camp – her official date of death is 18 January 1945. Her husband Paul Andriesse had been deported to Auschwitz on 28 September 1944, where he was evidently assigned to forced labor. He died on 15 March 1945 in Dachau after an odyssey from concentration camp to concentration camp.
Translator: Amy Lee
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
© Susanne Lohmeyer, Jonas Stier
Quellen: 1; 5; StaH 332-5, 8787 + 671/1923; StaH 332-5, 7210 + 673/1938; HAB II 1916, 1920, 1925; Auskunft Jose Martin, Joodse Monument, v. 3.10.2012.