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Siegmund Rosenbaum * 1885
Grindelallee 116 (Eimsbüttel, Rotherbaum)
Siegmund Rosenbaum, born on 21 June 1885 in Hamburg, flight to Belgium, in 1940 deported via the Saint-Cyprien, Gurs, Récébédou, and Drancy internment camps (all in France) to Auschwitz on 12 Aug. 1942, murdered
Margarethe Rosenbaum, née Lichtenstein, born on 13 Jan. 1892 in Frankfurt/Main, flight to Belgium, from there deported via the camp in Malines (Mechelen)/Belgium to Auschwitz on 19 Apr. 1943, murdered there
Edgar Rosenbaum, born 8 Mar. 1914 in Hamburg, flight to Belgium, in 1942 deported via the Récébédou, Gurs, and Drancy internment camps to Auschwitz, murdered there
Siegmund Rosenbaum was the son of David Rosenbaum and his wife Theresa, née Posner. His siblings Julius (born on 1 Apr. 1879, died on 31 Oct. 1939), Albert, and Benny also lived in Hamburg, as did his half-sister Ella Rosenbaum (mother: Helene Rosenbaum, née Goldfarb), who already died in 1929.
Siegmund married Margarethe "Grete” Lichtenstein, who was born on 13 Jan. 1892 in Frankfurt/Main. She was the daughter of Josef Lichtenstein (born on 17 Sept. 1865 in Wloclawek, Poland) and his wife Valeska, née Daniel (born on 28 Apr. 1860 in Halle). Margarethe had two brothers: Eduard, born on 1 Apr. 1888, and Arthur, born on 22 May 1890. Her father Josef Lichtenstein was head cantor at the Neue Dammtorsynagoge on Beneckestrasse.
In 1914, Siegmund and Margarethe Rosenbaum had their only child, a son, whom they called Edgar. Siegmund participated in the First World War, was an auctioneer by profession, and ran an auction house together with his brother Julius until 1925. The company premises (branches) were located at Hohe Bleichen 16a and Grindelallee 36. Business was poor and they had to give up the company. Siegmund Rosenbaum then opened an auction house with business addresses at Grindelallee 83 and Ferdinandstrasse 65, where his brother Julius was also a co-owner. In 1931, they had to give up this company as well. Afterward, Siegmund worked as a furniture salesman. Since Julius ran a furniture shop on Neuer Wall until 1933, it is conceivable that Siegmund worked there.
Siegmund Rosenbaum’s Jewish religious tax (Kultussteuer) file card indicates Grindelallee 83 on the third floor and Grindelallee 146 on the third floor as private addresses of the family. The Hamburg directory lists Grindelallee 83 from 1930 to 1933, Grindelallee 116 until 1935, and Grindelallee 138 appears for the year 1936. In 1935, Valeska Lichtenstein, widowed since 1929, moved in with the family of her daughter Margarethe at Grindelallee 116 on the fourth floor for several months. Valeska Lichtenstein emigrated to Brussels in Oct. 1935.
It is not known what happened to Siegmund, Margarethe, and Edgar Rosenbaum between 1933 and 1938. Edgar, who was an acting student and, at times, an unemployed commercial clerk, last lived with his parents at Grindelallee 138 on the fourth floor before fleeing to Belgium as well in Aug. 1938. He had a fiancée who in 1946 inquired with the International Tracing Service of the Red Cross about his and his parents’ whereabouts.
Siegmund and Margarethe Rosenbaum followed their son in October of the same year. They were allowed to take along 180 RM (reichsmark) and a modest quantity of household items, but no furniture. The family lived in Brussels at Rue du Ceptre 53.
After the occupation of Belgium by German troops in May 1940, Edgar Rosenbaum was arrested and transferred to the French Récébédou internment camp. On the transport list, his profession was indicated as "draftsman.”
Siegmund Rosenbaum was also arrested in May 1940. He was first taken to the French Saint-Cyprien internment camp. After the flooding of the camp at the end of Oct. 1940, he was transferred to Gurs and from there to Récébédou on 17 Mar. 1941, where he reunited with his son Edgar. On 8 Aug. 1942, father and son were taken together from Récébédou via Gurs to Drancy on Transport 901-13. Further deportees were added there, and on 12 Aug. 1942, Edgar and Siegmund Drancy departed for Auschwitz on Transport no. 18. From this transport, 705 people were immediately sent to the gas chambers, and there were only ten survivors overall. Edgar and Siegmund Rosenbaum were not among them.
Margarethe Rosenbaum had initially been taken to the Belgian camp in Malines (German: Mechelen). From there, her journey led to Auschwitz on 19 Apr. 1943. She did not return either.
Nothing is known about the further life of Margarethe’s mother, Valeska Lichtenstein.
Translator: Erwin Fink
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
© Ulrike Sparr mit Ergänzungen von Frauke Steinhäuser
Quellen: 1; 2; 4; 5; 8; Hamburger Adressbuch; StaH 314-15 Oberfinanzpräsident FVg 5002; StaH 351-14 Arbeits- und Sozialfürsorge – Sonderakten 1731; StaH 351-11 Amt für Wiedergutmachung 31778; www.pz-ffm.de/stichwortdesmonats.html?&tx_ttnews[tt_news]=159&Fsize=1 (letzter Aufruf: 19.08.15); www.
statistik-des-holocaust.de (letzter Aufruf:19.08.15); http://bdi.memorialdelashoah.org/internet/jsp/core/MmsRedirector.jsp?id=49163&type=VICTIM# (letzter Aufruf:07.08.15); http://bdi.memorialdelashoah.org/internet/jsp/core/MmsRedirector.jsp?id=49089&type=VICTIM# (letzter Aufruf:07.08.15); Auskunft IKRK Bad Arolsen, Mail v. 24.9.2015; E-Mail-Auskunft von Dorien Styven, Kazerne Dossin – Mahnmal, Museum und Dokumentationszentrum, Malines (Belgien) vom 20.9.2016.
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