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Already layed Stumbling Stones

Albert Hirsch * 1907

ohne Hamburger Adresse

ermordet am 23.9.1940 in der Tötungsanstalt Brandenburg an der Havel

further stumbling stones in ohne Hamburger Adresse :
Dr. Hans Bloch, Felix Cohn, Moraka Farbstein, Erland Walter Friedmann, Richard Guth, Martha Havelland, Auguste Hirschkowitz, Sophie Kasarnowsky, Ernestine Levy, Richard Levy, Hannchen Lewin, Bronislawa Luise Dorothea Mattersdorf, Karl Friedrich Michael, Lucie Rothschild, Dorothea Dorthy Silberberg, Wilhelm Süsser, Anna Luise (Louise Hedwig) Weimann, Salo Weinberg

Albert Hirsch, born on 14 Dec. 1907 in Mannheim, murdered on 23 Sept. 1940 in the Brandenburg/Havel euthanasia killing center

Without Stolperstein

Albert Hirsch was born on 14 Dec. 1907 in Mannheim as the son of the merchant Hermann Hirsch and his wife Emilchen, née Herz. The married couple was of the Jewish faith.
Albert Hirsch’s profession was that of a commercial clerk. We do not know when and for what reason he took up residence in Hamburg and what mental illness prompted his admission to Hamburg institutions. Albert Hirsch was admitted to the Friedrichsberg State Hospital (Staatskrankenanstalt Friedrichsberg) in the fall of 1933 and transferred from there to the Farmsen care home (Versorgungsheim Farmsen). From 18 June to 4 Aug. 1934, he was in the Langenhorn State Hospital (Staatskrankenanstalt Langenhorn), where he was also sterilized. This was followed by readmission to the Farmsen care home from 4 Aug. to 6 Nov. 1935. In this phase, Albert Hirsch was again in the Langenhorn State Hospital for about six weeks for the sterilization surgery. Further transfers followed, from 6 Nov. 1935 to 15 Sept. 1936 to the Langenhorn State Hospital, from 15 Sept. 1936 to 26 Feb. 1937 to the Farmsen care home, and from 26 Feb. 1937 to 23 Sept. 1940 again to Langenhorn.

In the spring/summer of 1940, the "euthanasia” headquarters in Berlin, located at Tiergartenstrasse 4, planned a special operation aimed against Jews in public and private sanatoriums and nursing homes. It had the Jewish persons living in the institutions registered and moved together in what were officially so-called collection institutions. The Hamburg-Langenhorn "sanatorium and nursing home” ("Heil- und Pflegeanstalt” Hamburg-Langenhorn) was designated the North German collection institution. All institutions in Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein, and Mecklenburg were ordered to move the Jews living in their facilities there by 18 Sept. 1940. After all Jewish patients from the North German institutions had arrived in Langenhorn, they were taken to Brandenburg/Havel on 23 Sept. 1940, together with the Jewish patients who had lived there for some time, on a transport comprised of 136 persons overall. On the same day, they were killed with carbon monoxide in the part of the former penitentiary converted into a gas-killing facility. Only one patient, Ilse Herta Zachmann, escaped this fate at first (see corresponding entry).

On Albert Hirsch’s birth register entry from Mannheim, it was noted that the records office Chelm registered his death on 2 Feb. 1941 under number 431/1941. In all documented death notices, it was claimed that the person concerned had died in Chelm (Polish) or Cholm (German), east of Lublin. Those murdered in Brandenburg, however, were never in this town. The former Polish sanatorium there no longer existed after SS units had murdered almost all patients on 12 Jan. 1940. Also, there was no German records office in Chelm. Its fabrication and the use of postdated dates of death served to disguise the killing operation and at the same time enabled the authorities to claim higher care expenses for periods extended accordingly.

An address of Albert Hirsch in Hamburg is not known, so that no individual place can be determined where he could be commemorated with a Stolperstein.

Translator: Erwin Fink
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.

© Ingo Wille

Quellen: 1; 4; 5; 9; StaH 133-1 III Staatsarchiv III, 3171-2/4 U.A. 4, Liste psychisch kranker jüdischer Patientinnen und Patienten der psychiatrischen Anstalt Langenhorn, die aufgrund nationalsozialistischer "Euthanasie"-Maßnahmen ermordet wurden, zusammengestellt von Peter von Rönn, Hamburg (Projektgruppe zur Erforschung des Schicksals psychisch Kranker in Langenhorn); 352-8/7 Staatskrankenanstalt Langenhorn Abl. 1/1995 Aufnahme-/Abgangsbuch Langenhorn 26.8.1939 bis 27.1.1941; 352-8/7 Staatskrankenanstalt Langenhorn Patienten-Karteikarte Albert Hirsch; UKE/IGEM, Archiv, Patienten-Karteikarte Albert Hirsch der Staatskrankenanstalt Friedrichsberg; Standesamt Mannheim, Geburtsregister Nr. 5001/1907 Albert Hirsch.
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