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Meta Hammerschlag (née Goldmann) * 1884
Eppendorfer Landstraße 18 (Hamburg-Nord, Eppendorf)
Adolph Hammerschlag, born 23 June 1877 in Holzhausen, deported 11 July 1942 to Auschwitz
Meta Hammerschlag, née Goldmann, born 9 Sep. 1884 in Eschwege, deported 11 July 1942 to Auschwitz
Eppendorfer Landstraße 18
Adolph Hammerschlag’s parents Simon and Sarge Hammerschlag were from Münden. He, his wife Meta, and their daughters Lieselotte (*10 August 1910) and Irmgard (4 March 1915) lived in Göttingen, where he was a wealthy businessman, the co-owner of the grain company Bachmann Bros. He was able to recoup the financial losses incurred during his service in the First World War, and he opened a branch office in Nörten, which, however, he was forced to close during the Great Depression. Since profits fell rapidly after 1933, Hammerschlag moved the offices of his company to his private residence in Göttingen at Hanssenstraße 24. Adolf Bachmann, his business partner, died in 1937 and Hammerschlag ran the company as sole owner. In the following years the political situation brought the company to a standstill.
Adolph Hammerschlag was arrested during the November Pogrom in 1938, and his company was "Aryanized” on 21 November. It was taken over by a grain merchant from Göttingen who was one of the first members of the Nazi Party.
After his release, Adolph Hammerschlag and his wife fled to Hamburg to his sister, Mrs. Alexander Joel, who lived at Eppendorfer Landstraße 18. The formerly wealthy couple was now destitute. According to a letter from the Head of the Police Department for Jewish Assets in Karlsruhe, Adolph Hammerschlag had received financial support from Gertrude Lion, née Klaus, from Karlsruhe, since April 1939.
Hammerschlag’s daughter Lieselotte Blum and her husband had lived in Brussels since 1939. They were deported to Auschwitz in 1942. His daughter Irmgard married Heinz Baehr in September 1936. The couple was able to emigrate to Haifa in Palestine.
Adolph and Meta Hammerschlag’s last address was the "Jews’ house” at Kielortallee 22/24. They were deported to Auschwitz.
Translator: Amy Lee
Kindly supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Stiftung, Hamburg.
Stand: October 2016
© Andrea Truernit
Quellen: 1; 2; 4; 8; StaH 314-15 OFP, R 1941/118; StaH 522-1Jüd. Gemeinden, 992e2, Band 5; StaH 351-11 AfW, 040315 Wollnermann, Irmgard zu Meta Hammerschlag; Bruns-Wüstefeld, Lohnende Geschäfte, 1997, S. 259; Recherche und Auskunft Jörg Janßen, Geschichtswerkstatt Göttingen vom 1.10.2009; Deutsche Nationalbibliothek, Deutsches Exilarchiv 1933–1945, Frankfurt am Main, Suchanzeige in: Aufbau, Jg. 12, Nr. 23, S. 28.
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